Solidarity union leader Lech Walesa put his Nobel Peace...


WARSAW, Poland -- Solidarity union leader Lech Walesa put his Nobel Peace Prize for the 'whole nation' on display in a solemn service today at Poland's holiest Catholic shrine on the second anniversary of the imposition of martial law.

But chief government spokesman Jerzy Urban sharply criticized Walesa, his Nobel award and his recent comments on U.S.-Polish relations.


Urban said last weekend's Nobel award ceremony for Walesa was 'a gathering of soldiers' opposed to socialism, 'a clearly anti-Communist event.'

As for Walesa's recent appeal to the United States to lift economic sanctions against Poland, Urban claimed the labor leader was acting 'in close coordination' with American authorities to boost his own reputation and belittle the Communist government.

Walesa consecrated his medallion before the altar of the Black Madonna, an ancient icon revered by many Poles as their country's protectress before a packed congregation of 300 people, including several former Solidarity leaders.


Walesa, his wife and son, who returned from Nobel ceremonies in Norway Monday, sat near the altar on the 14th century Jasna Gora monastery.

'The Nobel Peace Prize was the assessment of a man and this whole nation ... We together make up Poland,' said their family priest, the Rev. Henryk Jankowski.

The leader of the Pauline Order, the monks who run the shrine in Czestochowa, said Walesa's act fit the tradition of similar gestures over the centuries by national heroes.

One police car, part of the surveillance team that follows Walesa everywhere, stood outside the fortress walls of the monastery as a biting cold fog swirled about the walls of the church compound.

The family left for Gdansk shortly after 9 a.m. (3 a.m. EST.).

In a clandestine radio broadcast Monday, the Solidarity underground called on all Poles to join demonstrations Friday to mark 'that black December' two years ago when the declaration of martial law outlawed the Communist bloc's first independent trade union.

The Polish government, which lifted martial law 4 months ago after declaring its policy of 'normalization' a success, said all such calls for protests were dangerous attempts to divide the country further.

The state-run news media announced a series of arrests of Solidarity workers in a message clearly intended to deter would-be demonstrators.


The five-minute broadcast called on Poles to take part 'in orderly, peaceful demonstrations' marking the killing of eight coal miners in Katowice on Dec. 16, 1981, and the deaths of scores of workers during an upheaval in Gdansk in 1970.

Walesa, whose Nobel award boosted the entire Solidarity movement, was the subject of a new campaign of denunciation Monday in the state-run press and it was believed unlikely he would be allowed to make any appearances Friday.

Walesa's wife, Danuta, who stood in for him at the award ceremonies in Oslo, returned to Poland Monday, and the couple traveled to the shrine of the Black Madonna in Czestochowa, the holiest place of worship for Polish Catholics.

The former Solidarity leader, who said the peace prize was a tribute to all Poles, asked the gold medal and other Nobel souvenirs be placed on display at the shrine at Czestochowa's Jasna Gora monastery for the entire nation to see.

The Solidarity broadcast also said a show of mass support for the banned union would help pressure the nation's Communist authorities to open negotiations with 'the only real trade union in Poland.'

'We remember that black December (of 1981),' the clandestine radio said. 'We will commemorate the memory of the victims, and we will not allow that experience to kill our hope ...'


Referring to the Polish leader Gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski, who imposed martial law, the broadcast said: 'In December 1981, this same power, this same general, sent his troops out across the country, against all the nation, to kill oura1 Polish freedom which was just then being reborn, our Solidarity ... (But) after two years of war against the nation, the authorities are at a dead end.'

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