Chronology of major events -- 1982


1 -- Census Bureau puts U.S. population at 230.5 million.


2 -- Ahmed Fuad Mohieddin appointed prime minister of Egypt by President Mubarak, who held post under the late President Sadat. Ghana suspends constitution and bans political parties.

3 -- Yoo Chang Soon appointed prime minister of South Korea in a cabinet shuffle. Egypt signs for $1 billion in French Mirage 2000 jet fighters.

4 -- Richard V. Allen resigns as White House national security advisor; Reagan names Deputy Secretary of State William P. Clark to succeed him. State Department cites 'covert Soviet pressure and manipulation' in Poland.

5 -- West German Chancellor Schmidt blames Soviets for 'developments in Poland' but says U.S.-type sanctions are ineffectual. South Korea ends national curfew begun in World War II. Arkansas judge overturns state 'creation science' law.

6 -- France announces $17 million arms sale to Nicaragua. William G. Bonin convicted of 10 'Freeway Murders' in Los Angeles. Patricia Hearst drops seven-year appeal for new trial on bank robbery charge.


7 -- Reagan orders resumption of draft registration for 18-year-olds. Reagan declares five northern California counties disaster areas following heavy rain and flooding.

8 -- Government anti-trust case against AT&T settled; company agrees to divest itself of 22 Bell System subsidiaries; anti-trust case aginst IBM dropped. Reagan administration announces non-profit schools and institutions may retain tax-emept status regardless of racial policies.

10 -- Haiti repels attempted rebel invasion.

11 -- U.S. announces sale of additional F-5E fighter planes to Taiwan; China protests. NATO foreign ministers in Brussels denounce Soviet interference in Poland.

12 -- U.S.-Soviet arms limitation talks resume in Geneva. Reagan supports outlawing of tax exemption for institutions that practice race discrimination. Prime Minister Trudeau reorganizes Canadian cabinet.

13 -- Air Florida Boeing 737 crashes into a Patomac River bridge in Washington killing 78 people. Three killed in derailment of Washington, D.C., subway. Britain, France, Italy, Netherlands agree to take part in multi-national Sinai peace-keeping force.

14 -- Reagan pays first call on new U.N. Secretary General Perez de Cuellar. Secretary of State Haig ends visits to Egypt and Israel. France says it will rebuild atomic reactor in Iraq destroyed by Israel in 1981.

15 -- Bomb in West Berlin Israeli restaurant injures 15 including a baby who died. Former busboy convicted of murder-arson for February 1981 Las Vegas Hilton hotel fire that killed eight persons and injured 200.


16 -- Britain and Vatican raise diplomatic relations to ambassador level for first time.

17 -- Week of record low temperatures and storms across 38 states leave more than 260 dead; damage estimated at $220 million.

18 -- U.S. military attache shot dead in Paris; credit claimed by group called Lebanese Armed Revolutionary Faction. Four U.S. Air Force Thunderbird stunt pilots killed in simultaneous crashes during maneuvers over Nevada.

19 -- Soviet Union and Turkey sign $600 million trade agreement.

20 -- French government postpones for a year the takeover of 22 of 36 banks it plans to nationalize; increases compensation to owners of nationalized industries and banks.

21 -- More than 100 Polish artists and intellectuals petition against martial law in Poland.

22 -- Cuba releases four Americans held on drug charges in Cuba since 1980 and 1981.

23 -- Two passengers die when World Airways DC-10 carrying 110 people skids off icy runway into Boston Harbor at Logan International Airport. Soviet jet crash in Siberia kills about 150 people (reports published Feb. 6). Over U.S. objections, France agrees to buy 282.5 billion cubic feet of Soviet natural gas a year for 25 years.

24 -- U.S. authorities accuse Cuba, through President Castro's brother Raul, of aiding Miami drug traffickers in smuggling weapons to Latin America.


25 -- 600 people reported drowned, 2,500 homeless in floods in Peru.

26 -- Train derailment in Algeria kills 120 people, injures more than 150. Prime Minister Mauno Koivisto elected president of Finland.

27 -- Reagan outlines New Federalism plans in his first state of the union address. M-19 guerrillas in Colombia hijack domestic passenger flight. Prime Minister FitzGerald of Ireland resigns on no-confidence vote.

28 -- Kidnapped Brig. Gen. James L. Dozier rescued from 42 days' captivity by Italian terrorists; five captors arrested. Reagan certifies to Congress that El Salvador had made progress in human rights, opening way to further U.S. aid.

29 -- Philadelphia Bulletin ceases publication after 134 years. Colombian hijackers trade last of histages for flight ot Cuba.

31 -- Israeli Cabinet agrees to multi-national Sinai peace-keeping force. Warsaw Radio says 200 arrested, 14 hurt in Jan. 29 police clash with workers protesting price increases in Gdansk.


1 -- U.S. announces release of $55 million in emergency funds and supplies for El Salvador.

2 -- Brezhnev proposes Soviet-U.S. agreement to two-thirds cut in respective medium-range nuclear weapons by 1990; Reagan rejects idea. Secretary of State Haig says U.S. will take any steps necessary to prevent a rebel takeover in El Salvador. 'Homesick Cuban' hijacks Air Florida jet to Havana.


3 -- Reagan and Egypt's President Mubarak discuss Middle East problems in Washington. French army plane crash in Djibouti kills 36.

4 -- Senate approves bill barring federal courts from ordering bussing of children more than 5 miles (or longer than 15 minutes) from home. Reagan says U.S. proposal to Soviet Union would bar intermediate-range nuclear missiles from Western Europe. U.S. and Colombia announce 14-month drug campaign resulted in seizure of 6.4 million pounds of marijuana; 495 U.S. arrests.

5 -- Britain's Laker Airways declares bankruptcy and halts all flights. U.N. General Assembly votes condemnation of Israel's annexation of Syria's Golan Heights.

7 -- Bus-gasoline tanker collision in Oakland, Calif., tunnel kills seven.

8 -- Tokyo hotel fire kills at least 23.

9 -- Japan Airlines DC-8 crash in Tokyo Bay kills 24, injures 71.

10 -- French banks agree to loan Soviet Union additional $140 million toward construction of Siberian gas pipeline to Western Europe. Former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger undergoes heart surgery in Boston.

11 -- Special committee of Organization of African Unity calls on government of Chad to cease hostilities against rebels and hold elections.

12 -- Syrian troops battle fundamentalist Moslem Brotherhood rebels in city of Hama. Secretary of State Haig announces U.S.-Morocco military commission. Pope begins eight-day African tour in Nigeria.


13 -- Air Florida Boeing 737 crashes in Patomic after takeoff from Washington's Natinonal Airport, killing 78 including four motorists on bridge. Portugal says coup thwarted during communist-backed general strike.

14 -- Mass arrests in Poznan of workers protesting Poland's martial law. Romania raises basic food prices 35 percent a week after raising wages.

15 -- Oil-drilling rig Ocean Ranger of Mobil Oil Canada sinks in storm off Newfoundland, killing all 84 aboard.

16 -- Sen. Harrison A. Williams (D., N.J.) sentenced too three years in prison and fined $50,000 on charges of bribary and conspiracy uncovered in Abscam investigation. Soviet freighter sinks in North Atlantic, killing more than 30 aboard.

17 -- Zimbabwe Prime Minister Mugabe dismisses opponent Joshua Nkomo from government, accusing him of plotting a coup.

18 -- Top Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping reemerges, ending puzzling five-week absence from public view. Mexico devalues peso 30 percent.

19 -- Congressional delegation calls for halt in U.S. military aid to El Salvador, citing human rights abuses. Pope John Paul II ends seven-day African tour, his first abroad since 1981 assassination attempt. DeLorean Motor Co. of Northern Ireland goes into receivership following British government refusal of further financing.

20 -- Election results in Ireland favor Fianna Fail party.


21 -- Prince Sihanouk and former premier Khieu Samphan of the ousted Pol Pot rgime form coalition to oppose Vietnam-backed government in Cambodia. Mexico's President Lopez Portillo makes peace proposals for Central America and Caribbean; offers mediation between U.S., Cuba and Nicaragua.

22 -- Organization of African Unity admits Polisario-led Saharan Arab Democratic Republic as 51st member state over substantial opposition.

23 -- Canada, Japan and the 10 European Common Market nations join U.S. in economic and diplomatic sanctions against Poland and Soviet Union to protest martial law in Poland.

24 -- Reagan proposes Caribbean aid plan. Amnesty International says Iran's Khomeini regime has executed more than 4,000 political opponents in three years. Bolivia says eight arrested people tried to plot overthrow of military regime. Three-day meeting of 44 Third World countries on industrial versus poor nations concludes in New Delhi.

25 -- U.N. Security Council approves 1,000-man addition to 6,000-man peacekeeping force in south Lebanon.

27 -- Wayne Williams convicted of murdering two of 28 young blacks slain over a two-year period in Atlanta; sentenced to life in prison.

28-- Four armed terrorists who hijacked an Air Tanzania jet two days earlier surrender in London and release more than 90 hostages. Ford workers approve labor contract granting concessions to debt-ridden auto company.



1 -- Unmanned Soviet space probe lands on Venus (another lands March 5) to radio back pictures. Atlanta disbands special taskforce set up in July 1980 to investigate slayings of black youths. Teamsters ratify 37-month labor agreement giving trucking industry wage and work concessions. Special U.N. envoy Olof Palme of Sweden says attempt to mediate Iran-Iraq war failed. Major U.S. airlines report big 1981 losses.

3 -- French President Mitterrand is first European head of state to visit Israel. Scores of armed men storm prison in Ayacucho, Peru, and free 230 inmates; 14 people killed. King Hussein says Jordanian volunteers have gone to help Iraq in war with Iran.

4 -- U.S. crude oil imports reported at seven-year low.

5 -- Comedian John Belushi, 33, dies of drug overdose in Hollywood.

6 -- Twelve die or are fatally injured in Houston hotel fire. Five Moslem fundamentalists sentenced to death for assassination of Egypt's President Sadat; 17 others sentenced to prison.

8 -- China approves streamlining of nation's bureaucracy. U.S. renews charge of Soviet chemical warfare in Afghanistan.

9 -- Charles J. Haughey regains office of prime minsiter of Ireland. CIA claims Nicaragua engaged in major military construction with Soviet and Cuban aid.


10 -- U.S. envoy Philip Habib ends 12-day Middle East visit in attempt to avert renewed Israeli-PLO fighting. U.S. imposes embargo on Libyan oil imports and curbs high technology exports there, citing Khadafy's support for international terrorism. Reagan announces $21.3 million food aid to Afghan refugees.

11 -- Britain to buy U.S. advanced Trident-2 missile system for $14 billion. Sen. Harrison A. Williams Jr. (D.-N.J.) resigns from Senate to forestall expulsion. Shareholders approve $6 billion U.S. Steel-Marathon Oil Co. merger, second largest in U.S. history.

12 -- French President Mitterrand pays one-day visit to Reagan in Washington. Madrid Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe collapses under East-West differences over Poland.

13 -- Surinam rebel leader Wilfred Hawkins executed a day after right-wing coup failed.

15 -- Gen. Angel Anibal Guevara elected president of Guatemala.

16 -- Brezhnev announces curbs on Soviet nuclear weapons deployment, asking similar U.S. action; Washington terms statement 'propaganda.' Turkish government acknowledges 15 people died of torture since military took power in 1980; Amnesty International claimed 70 died. Claus von Bulow convicted in Newport, R.I., of twice trying to murder his wealthy wife, Martha.

17 -- Reagan asks Congress for $350 million emergency aid for Caribbean nations including $128 million for El Salvador. Four Dutch TV crewmen slain in El Salvador.


18 -- Arsonist burns U.S. International Communications Agency office in Seoul, South Korea; student dies in fire; mass arrests of suspects.

19 -- Nicaragua requests urgent U.N. Security Council meeting on 'imminent' threat of a U.S.-backed invasion. Argentines raise flag on remote Falkland Islands dependency of South Georgia.

20 -- Reagan vetos Emergency Petroleum Allocation Act of 1982 as unnecessary. Michigan, Ohio and Indiana hit hard by week-long flooding. Israeli troops fire on West Bank Palestinian protesters. OPEC countries agree to cut production.

21 -- All 27 aboard Air National Guard jet tanker killed in crash in northern Illinois. Second round of French provincial elections confirms a setback for ruling Socialist Party.

22 -- Space shuttle Columbia begins third test orbiting.

23 -- Japan promises to ease U.S.-Japan trade imbalance. Guatemalan army officers oust President Romeo Lucas Garcia and annul March 7 elections; install three-man junta.

24 -- Bangladesh President Abdus Sattar ousted in military coup by Lt. Gen. Hossein Mohammed Ershad. Brezhnev calls for re-opening of Soviet border talks with China.

25 -- Britain's House of Lords approves independent constitution for Canada. Israel dismisses Palestinian mayors of Nablus and Ramallah; eight wounded in protests.

26 -- A.F.M. Ahsanuddin Chowdhury named president of Bangladesh.


28 -- El Salvador votes for Constituent Assembly; centrist Christian Democratic Party is main winner.

29 -- Reagan signs allocation of $4.2 billion for nuclear civil defense. Mexico's Chichon volcano begin eruptions, dumping ash up to 3 feet deep over wide area. Paris-Toulous train bombed, killing five; rightist Spanish Basques opposed to Basque separatist movement claim responsibility. Leaders of 10 European Common Market nations meet in Brussels.

30 -- Space shuttle Columbia successfully ends third test. Iranian forces launch major offensive to drive Iraqis from Iran territory. Widespread demonstrations in Argentina protest government austerity measures; more than 2,000 arrested.

31 -- Reagan declares Soviets hold 'definite margin of superiority' over U.S. in nuclear weapons. Seven killed in avalanches near Lake Tahoe, Calif.


1 -- U.S. formally transfers control of Canal Zone to Panama.

2 -- Labor Department announces 9 percent unemployment, highest since 1975 post-war high. U.S. Navy C-1A cargo-passenger plane with 11 aboard disappears near Crete. Argentine troops storm Falkland Islands, overwhelming Royal Marine contingent. Tornado destroys more than 100 homes in Paris, Texas.

3 -- Argentina takes Falklands dependency of South Georgia; U.N. Security Council demands Argentine withdrawal from Falklands and negotiations on sovereignty. Israeli diplomat assassinated in Paris; Israelis blame PLO for incident, which subsequently appeared a reason for Israel's invasion of Lebanon. Reagan, in first of his weekly radio addresses, calls for American patience with his economic policies.


4 -- Defense Secretary Weinberger ends tour of Japan, South Korea and the Philippines.

5 -- Reagan offers Secretary of State Alexander Haig as Falklands mediator; British fleet sails to recapture islands. Luxembourg's first general strike in 60 years protests anti-inflation measures. U.S. savings and loan associations report record $4.6 billion loses.

6 -- Secretary Haig rejects any suggestion that U.S. adopt a 'no first use' nuclear policy.

7 -- Reagan arrives in Jamaica, beginning five-day tour of eastern Caribbean.

8 -- Food and Drug Administration voluntary recall of Alaska canned salmon as potential health threat affets 55 million 7 -ounce cans.

9 -- United Auto Workers narrowly approve new contract with General Motors to save company $2.5 billion over 2 years.

10 -- Former Iranian Foreign Minister Sadegh Ghotbzadeh arrested in Tehran and accused of plotting to assassinate Ayatollah Khomeini. Continuing mass arrests in Uganda; total estimated at 13,000 including those later released.

11 -- Ten-day spring storms from California to Northeast leave more than 60 dead.

13 -- Ten U.S. military personnel killed in crash of Air Force C-130 transport in southern Turkey. Surinam military regime that ousted civilian government Feb. 5 foils right-wing military coup; its leader is executed.


14 -- China protests U.S. sale of $60 million in military equipment to Taiwan.

15 -- Reagan, speaking in Chicago, proposes tuition tax credits for families of children in private grammar and secondary schools. Egypt executes five Moslem militants for October 1981 assassination of President Sadat.

17 -- Queen Elizabeth, in Ottawa, proclaims new constitution giving Canada complete independence from Britain.

19 -- Coca-Cola agrees to buy Columbia Pictures.

20 -- Writer Archibald Macleish, unofficial American poet laureate and winner of three Pulitzer Prizes, dies at 89.

21 -- In second such case, Federal jury in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, finds Procter & Gamble liable for toxic shock syndrome death of woman who used Rely tampons; awards $300,000 to victim's family. Anaheim, Calif., wind-fed fire destroys four city blocks, injures more than 40, leaves 1,500 homeless.

22 -- Britain warns its 17,000 citizens in Argentina to leave. Brezhnev appearance at Kremlin rally ends rumors of his death; main speech delivered by KGB head Yuri Andropov.

23 -- Labor Department reports first Consumer Price Index decline in 17 years -- .3 percent.

25 -- Israel returns last third of Sinai peninsula -- 7,500 square miles -- to Egypt as pledged under 1977 peace treaty; Israel's Begin vows no more concessions. 'Ground Zero' week of anti-nuclear rallies across U.S. ends. Fire in 15th century Todi, Italy, art gallery, kills at least 33.


26 -- Argentines surrender South Georgia; 180 soldiers taken prisoner. Argentina threatens war unless Britain withdraws. Rampaging South Korean policeman kills 56 people in Uirong. Egypt's Mubarak calls on Arab states to join Egyptian-Israeli peace efforts. Chinese domestic air crash kills 112.

27 -- China unveils proposed, radically new constitution restoring presidency.

28 -- Republican-Democratic summit in Washington fails to resolve protracted battle over Reagan's 1983 federal budget. Organization of American States meeting in Washington support Argentina's claim to Falklands and calls for truce. Polish government eases martial law restrictions and orders freeing of 800 political internees, but not Solidarity leade Walsea. U.N. High Commitssion for Refugees says at least 137,000 Poles have fled their country since December 1981 martial law invoked.

29 -- Alvaro Alfredo Magana elected provisional president of El Salvador.

30 -- Hoboken, N.J., hotel arson fire kills 12. Britain imposes Falklands blockade; Haig announces U.S. support for Britain and military-economic measures against Argentina. U.N. General Assembly adopts far-ranging sea law requiring ratification by 60 member nations.


1 -- Reagan opens Knoxville World's Fair. British jets bomb Falklands capital of Port Stanley airstrip; Argentine jets attack British fleet. Four Honduran leftists, who seized domestic flight with 44 other people aboard April 28 and forced it to Tegucigalpa, fly to Cuba where they are arrested.


2 -- British sink Argentine cruiser General Belgrano; 321 dead. Eleven killed in disappearance of Navy C-1A cargo-passenger plane near Crete.

3 -- Algerian Foreign Minister Mohammed Benyahia, who helped end U.S. hostage crisis in Iran, dies in plane crash enroute to mediate Iran-Iraq war.

4 -- Argentine missile destroys British destroyer HMS Sheffield. Polish junta tightens security measures in several cities following three days of anti-government demonstrations, some of them violent. NATO says Soviet-led Warsaw Pact nations lead U.S. and its West European allies in military strength.

6 -- Democratic senators accuse Republicans of endangering Social Security system, which has $9.1 billion deficit in calendar 1982. Reagan Reagan backs constitutional amendment authorizing school prayer.Immigration and Naturalization Service says April 26-30 roundup of illegal alien workers, intended to open jobs for U.S. workers in nine cities, netted 5,635 arrests, mainly of Mexicans. Britain's Conservative Thatcher government gains in nationwide local elections.

7 -- Large area of Mexico covered with ash from week-long erruption of Chichon volcano that began March 29.

8 -- U.N. Secretary-General begins Falklands peace initiative.

9 -- Reagan, in speech at Eureka College, Ill., calls for 'significant reductions' in U.S. and Soviet nuclear arsenals. Vice President Bush completes two-week visit to China, Japan, South Korea, Singapore, Australia and New Zealand.


10 -- Philippine President Marcos accepts resignations of all 14 Supreme Court justices in law examination scandal; 12 reinstated May 14.

11 -- Secretary Haig says U.S. considers SALT II 'dead'; U.S. should move ahead with new weapons systems.

12 -- U.S. Evangelist Billy Graham ends controversial visit to Moscow. Pope John Paul II escapes injury in a one-man attack during visit to Fatima Shrine in Portugal. Brazil's President Figueiredo calls on Reagan in Washington. At least 430 dead in floods in China's Guangdong Province. Netherlands government coalition collapses.

13 -- Tornadoes and heavy rain strike Southwestern states, killing seven.

16 -- Secretary Haig ends four-day visit to Turkey and Greece. Yugoslav Parliament elects country's first woman premier, Milka Planincia. Salvador Jorge Blanco, a leftist moderate, elected president of Dominican Republic.

17 -- Drysdale Government Securities Inc. defaults on interest payments of $160 million, shaking Wall Street; Chase Manhattan bank assumes financial responsibility.

18 -- Brezhnev urges Reagan to freeze nuclear weapons. New York federal court jury finds Korean evangelist Rev. Sun Myung Moon guilty of tax evasion, ending six-week trial.

19 -- Senate Republicans drop budget proposal for eliminating $40 billion Social Security deficit with either cuts in benefits or increased revenue over three years. U.S. tightens business and tourist travel to Cuba, ignoring reports Cuba wants to ease relations with Washington. Ghotbzadeh confesses role in plot to assassinate Ayatollah Khomeini in Tehran.


21 -- Senate approves $784 billion federal budget. British troops storm Falklands with ground, sea and air attacks and establish 'firm bridgehead'; heavy casualties on both sides. California revokes scheduled 1984 parole date for Sirhan Sirhan, assassin of Sen. Robert F. Kennedy. Philippine airliner carrying 114 people hijacked on domestic flight; anti-Marcos hijackjer overpowered after 8 hours.

24 -- KGB head Yuri Andropov, seen as strong candidate to succeed ailing Brezhenv, appointed to key 10-man Soviet Communist Party Secretariat. Iran says key port of Khorramshahr recaptured from Iraq. At least 12 killed by car bomb at French Embassy compound in Beirut.

27 -- U.S.-Moroco military accord gives U.S. access to Morocan air bases in event of an emergency.

29 -- Southern Illinois tornado kills 10 an causes heavy damage. Andreas van Agt forms new Netherlands government.

30 -- Spain becomes 16th member of NATO.


1 -- Bombs explode at four U.S. military bases and offices of two U.S. companies in West Germany; ultra-leftist group claims responsibility; no injuries.

2 -- Pope John Paul II ends five-day visit to Britain, first every by a pope.

3 -- Two Spanish officers get 30 years, 20 others and lone civilian sentenced for roles in February 1981 coup attempt.


4 -- Leaders of seven industrial democracies -- U.S., Canada, France, Britain, West Germany, Italy and Japan -- begin three-day meeing on mutual economic problems at Versailles.

5 -- Sophia Loren freed after 17 days in an Italian jail for tax evasion.

6 -- Israelis invade Lebanon in 'Operation Peace for Galilee' to push PLO guerrillas back 25 miles back from the border. Connecticut floods leave 12 dead; damage estimated at $276 million.

7 -- Israel bombs central Beirut, captures Beaufort Castle, Tyre and Hasbayya and encir:les Sidon. U.S. envoy Philip Habib starts mission to restore July 1981 cease-fire. Reagan ends five-day visit to France and a day in Rome and Vatican. Rebels led by Hissene Habre seize power in Chad, ending two-year civil war; President Goukouni flees.

8 -- Reagan in Britain for three-day visit; addresses Parliament.

9 -- Israel bombs Syrian surface-to-air missiles in Bekaa Valley. Guatemala's Brig. Gen. Efrain Rios Montt dissolves three-man junt, names self as president and commander in chief.

10 -- Reagan in letter to Prime Minister Begin demands Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon. Israeli leaflets warn residents of assault on guerrillas trapped in west Beirut. Reagan and leaders of 15 other NATO countries meet for defense talks in Bonn.


11 -- Israel declares unilateral cease-fire with Syria but not with the PLO.

12 -- In largest such gathering in U.S. history, 700,000 people peacefully converge on New York's Central Park Saturday call for world nuclear disarmament. Pope ends two-day visit to Argentina.

13 -- Ailing King Khalid of Saudi Arabia dies; Crown Prince Fahd succeeds him.

14 -- Israeli forces seal off Beirut air, sea and land routes.

15 -- Fugitive ex-CIA agent Edwin Wilson tricked into returning to U.S. and arrested in New York on charges of aiding international terrorists. Pope makes one-day visit to Switzerland.

17 -- Argentine President Leopoldo Galtieri resigns over Falklands defeat.

18 -- Reagan widens ban on sale of U.S. oil and gas equipment to Soviets. U.N. Security Council votes to keep its 7,000-strong peacekeeping force in south Lebanon another 60 days. Congress renews 1965 voting rights act for 25 years. Israel's Begin addresse to U.N. disarmament conference in New York boycotted by two-thirds of member states.

19 -- Britain frees 4,200 Argentine prisoners of war.

20 -- European Common Market ends trade sanctions against Argentina.

21 -- John Hinckley Jr., 27, found not guilty of shooting Reagan, three others in March 1981, by reason of insanity; he is committed indefinitely to a Washington hospital. First son and heir, Prince William, born to Britain's Princess Diana and Prince Charles.


22 -- House approves compromise federal budget. Argentina's military regimenames Maj. Gen. Reynaldo Benito Antionio Bignone as president.

23 -- Senate approves compromise 1983 budget of $769.82 billion with $103.9 billion deficit, ending five-month congressional battle.

24 -- U.S. closes Beirut Embassy; hundreds of Americans evacuated from Lebanon by U.S. 6th Fleet. French air force colonel joins two Soviet cosmonauts in blastoff aboard Soviet Soyuz spacecraft; becomes first man in space not from U.S. or Soviet bloc nation.

25 -- Secretary of State Alexander Haig resigns. Lebanese Prime Minister Wazzan resigns but stays on. Primary elections in Kentucky, Arkansas, Idaho.

26 -- U.N. General Assembly condemns Israel for refusing to withdraw from Lebanon; calls for sanctions against Tel Aviv.

27 -- Israel demands PLO surrender its arms and withdraw to Syria; Arafat reported to agree.

28 -- Labor Secretary Raymond Donnovan cleared by federal prosecutor of criminal corruption allegations.

29 -- U.S.-Soviet talks on strategic arms reduction -- START -- resume in Geneva. Miami federal judge orders parole for most of 1,900 Haitian refugees detained for illegally landing in U.S.

30 -- Equal Rights amendment deadline expires three states short of 38 needed for ratification. Reagan in news conference pledges to protect 'integrity' of Social Security System. A Sri Lankan hijacks Alitalia jumbo jet enroute from Rome to Tokyo and holds 259 hostages for 32 hours in Bangkok until he gets $300,000 ransom, passage to Sri Lanka, and his estranged wife and son are flown in from Italy.



1 -- Rev. Sun Myung Moon marries 2,075 couples at New York's Madison Square Garden.

4 -- Israel curbs water and food to west Beirut. Miguel de la Madrid Hurtado elected president of Mexico. Dominican Republic President Antonio Guzman Fernandez dies in apparent suicide.

5 -- Penn Square Bank of Oklahoma declared insolvent.

6 -- U.S. agrees to send in 800 Marines as part of 1,200-man U.S.-French-Italian force to evacuate PLO guerrillas from Beirut; PLO rejects plan.

8 -- Reagan invokes Railway Labor Act to avert national rail strike.

9 -- In second worst U.S. air disaster, Pan Am Boeing 727-200 crashes in Kenner, La., after takeoff from New Orleans; 154 killed including eight on the ground. Michael Fagan arrested for break-in at Buckingham Palace and entering Queen Elizabeth's bedroom.

10 -- U.N. special disarmament session ends five-week meeting with no agreemnt on limiting of nuclear arms. OPEC meeting in Vienna collapses without agreement on production ceilings or pricing. Pope names Archbishop Joseph L. Bernardin of Cincinnati as archbishop of Chicago to succeed the late Cardinal Cody.

11 -- Major artillery battles engulf Beirut for 15 hours. Train in western Mexico plunges into gorge, killing 120.

12 -- U.S. ends sanctions against Argentina. Britain returns last Argentine POWs. Zail Singh elected president of India.


13 -- PLO says it is prepared to recognize Israel 'on a reciprocal basis' and asks for formal ties with U.S; Secretary of State Shultz says Palestinians should join Middle East peace talks. House to probe claims that congressmen indulged in sex and drugs with pages.

14 -- Vatican opens probe of Catholic Church's involvement with failed Ambrosiano bank of Italy. Iran launches invasion of Iraq.

15 -- George Shultz confirmed as secretary of state. Egypt's Mubarak calls for mutual recognition by PLO and Israel; urges U.S. to open dialogue with PLO. British arrest former translator Geoffrey Arthur Prime on charges of spying for Soviets.

16 -- Cuba says it has almost doubled its military strength in one year. Argentina ends six-year ban on political parties. Rev. Sun Myung Moon sentenced in New York to 18 months in prison, fined $25,000 in tax fraud case; remains free on bond.

17 -- Israel's Begin proposes meeting with Jordan's King Hussein for economic cooperation; Jordan rejects idea. Atlanta Centers of Disease Control identifies puzzling disease mainly affecting homosexual men - acquired severe immunodeficiency disease; ASID has killed 184 in little more than one year.

18 -- British railway engineers end paralyzing, two-week nationwide strike.


20 -- Foreign ministers of Saudi Arabia and Syria present plan for PLO withdrawal from Lebanon to Reagan. Brezhnev supports U.N.peacekeeping role in Lebanon -- minus any U.S. forces. U.S. educator David Dodge abducted in Beirut. Nine British soldiers killed or fatally injured by IRA bombs in two London parks.

21 -- Polish military government forces postponement of pope's planned August visit.

22 -- France defies Reagan ban on sale of pipeline technology to Soviets. Israeli jets attack Syrian and Palestinian posts in Lebanon.

23 -- Special envoy Habib on Middle East tour. Reagan administration discloses secret U.S.-Soviets talks on means for Soviet military withdrawal from Afghanistan. Japan's worst flood in 25 years hits Nagasaki; more than 300 dead.

24 -- Italy rejects Reagan ban on export of Western pipeline technology to Soviets.

25 -- PLO chief Arafat meets U.S. congressmen in Beirut. In first air hijacking reported in China, five Chinese demanding to fly to Taiwan seize Chinese plane carrying 80 people, including 19 Americans; bomb-damaged plane lands in Shanghai where hijackers are arrested (they were reported executed Aug. 19.)

26 -- Indian Prime Minister Gandhi arrives to meet Reagan on first visit to U.S. in 11 years.

27 -- Israeli forces shell heart of Beirut. Reagan administration certifies to Congress that El Salvador has made progress in human rights, thus is eligible for continued U.S. aid; decision quickly challenged.


28 -- Cease-fire in Beirut ends heavy seven-day Israeli bombing; many civilian casualties.

30 -- Reagan grants one-year extension of U.S.-Soviet grain agreement. PLO agrees to withdraw from Beirut; Israel bombards west Beirut by land, sea and air; U.N. Security Council calls on Israel to end siege. Panama's President Aristides Royo Sanchez resigns under military pressure.

31 -- Israel eases six-day cut-off of water to west Beirut. France's worst traffic accident kills 53, including 44 children aboard a bus.


1 -- Israel seizes Beirut airport in fiercest shelling of the war in Lebanon, causing heavy loss of life in the city; U.N. Security Council unanimously 'demands' immediate cease fire. Kenya army puts down attempted coup by air force officers; entire air force included in mass arrests.

2 -- Sporadic clashes threaten Lebanon cease-fire; Reagan says fighting must stop. Britain rejects Reagan ban on U.S.-developed technology for Soviet pipeline.

3 -- U.N. Secretary-General orders U.N. observers into Beirut; heavy Israeli tank bombardment of city.

4 -- Reagan in stong message to Israel's Begin criticizes Israeli moves in Beirut. Israeli tanks roll across 'green line' into west Beirut. A Sikh hijacks a a domestic Indian jet; he is overpowered and arrested.


5 -- Israel rejects U.N. observer presence in Beirut; Reagan warns Begin U.S.-Israeli relations are threatened by Israeli stance in Lebanon. House resolution calls for reduction in U.S.-Soviet strategic forces leading to a freeze.

6 -- PLO and Habib agree on major points of withdrawal plan. Mexican peso value in sharp drop with second devaluation in six months.

7 -- Italian government of Giovanni Spadolini resigns after 13 months following Socialist withdrawal from coalition. Nine killed in Armenian terrorist attack at Ankara, Turkey, airport.

9 -- Six killed in gunfire attack on Jewish restaurant in Paris; called worst anti-Semitic incident in France since World War II.

10 -- Israel agrees to PLO withdrawal overseen by U.S., Italian and French troops, allowing PLO to go to several Arab countries. Murderer Frank J. Coppola executed in Richmond, Va., electric chair; fifth person executed in U.S. since 1976.

12 -- Israeli jets bomb west Beirut 11 forhours, killing or wounding more than 500 people in the fiercest air attack of the Lebanon war. European Common Market formally protests Reagan ban on U.S. technology for Soviet pipeline to Western Europe. Actor Henry Fonda dies at 77.

14 -- Variety reports American movies, led by 'E.T. -- The Extra-Terrestrial,' setting summer boxoffice record.


15 -- China-U.S. accord pledges Peking to seek reunification with Taiwan only by peaceful means, and Washington to gradually reduce arms sales to the island. 16 -- Saturday Review magazine, founded in 1924, ceases publication.

18 -- Congress passes $178 compromise defense appropriation bill. Lebanon and PLO approve Habib peace plan.

19 -- Israeli cabinet approves Habib plan on condition two Israelis be freed before PLO withdrawal from Lebanon. Congress approves $98.3 billion fedral tax increase sought by Reagan. House finds drug-sex charges involving congressmen and congressional pages unfounded.

20 -- Reagan announces U.S. Marines will go to Lebanon for PLO evacuation. Peru declares state of emergency in Lima and Callao following worst political violence since democracy was restored two years earlier. U.S. announces multi-billion-dollar aid to Mexico. Another Sikh hijacks and Indian jet; he is shot dead after six hours. Alfred Bloomingdale, Reagan 'kitchen cabinet' member being sued for support by an ex-mistress, dies.

21 -- Sikh hijacker killed in attempt to commandeer Indian domestic jet. King Sobhuza of Swaziland, who ruled 61 years, dies at 83.

22 -- First PLO departures from Lebanon go to Jordan, Iraq.

23 -- Beshir Gemayel elected president of Lebanon. First Haitian refugees begin leaving Florida detention camps; future in U.S. uncertain.


25 -- Rep. Frederick Richmond (D-N.Y.) resigns from House after pleading guilty to various charges including tax evasion.

26 -- Manville Corp. files for reorganization under bankruptcy law because of 16,000 cases filed by people claiming health damage from asbestos.

27 -- Spanish Parliament dissolved; elections called.

28 -- Reagan vetos $14.1 billion supplemental appropriations bill for government operations as unacceptably high.

29 -- Actress Ingrid Bergman dies at 67. British explorers Sir Ranulph Fiennes and Charles Burton end three-year expedition to become first to cir:le globe by way of North and South Poles.

31 -- PLO withdrawal from Beirut completed. Brezhnev returns to Moscow after 60-day vacation in Crimea.


1 -- Reagan proposes new Middle East peace effort and asks Israel to halt building of West Bank settlements. U.S. Marine peacekeepers leave Beirut.

2 -- Israel rejects Reagan peace bid.

3 -- Reagan signs $98.3 billion. three-year tax increase bill.

4 -- Egypt welcomes Reagan proposal. 18 die in Los Angeles apartment fire.

5 -- Three-day US Festival of rock and technology ends at Glen Helen Regional Park near Devore, Calif.; peaked Sept. 4 with 230,000 fans.

6 -- Polish terrorists seize Polish Embassy in Bern, Switzerland, demanding an end to martial law in Poland.


7 -- Reagan presents Middle East envoy Philip Habib with Medal of Freedom.

10 -- In first major legislative setback for Reagan, Congress overrides president's veto of $14.1 billion supplemental appropriations bill.

11 -- Crash of U.S. Army helicopter at Manheim, West Germany, air show kills all 46 aboard.

12 -- Hua Guofeng, Mao's handpicked successor, removed in major overhaul of China's Communist Party led by Deng Xiaoping.

13 -Jordan's King Hussein endorses Reagan Middle East peace initiative. Crash of Spanish DC-10 on takeoff from Malaga kills 56; injures 113.

14 -- Lebanon's President elect Beshir Gemayel assassinated in bombing of his Beirut party headquarters; Princess Grace of Monaco dies following auto accident.

15 -- Israeli forces, occupying an Arab capital for the first time, move into west Beirut following Gemayel assassination. Brezhnev offers six-point Middle East peace plan to counter U.S. initiative. Over strong Israeli objections, Pope John Paul II receives PLO head Yassir Arafat in the Vatican. Philippine President Marcos arrives in Washington on first official visit in 16 years. Sadegh Ghotbzadeh, who as Iranian foreign minister in 1980 tried to negotiate the release of American hostages, executed in Tehran.

16 -- Reagan receives Philippine President Marcos at White House.


18 -- Hundreds of Palestinians massacred in Beirut refugee camps by Israeli-backed Lebanese right-wing milita, stirring massive international outcry.

19 -- Olof Palme's Social Democrat Party wins overwhelming victory in Swedish election, returning Palme to power and ending six years of non-socialist rule.

20 -- Reagan orders U.S. Marines back to Lebanon in peace-keeping force. National Football League players begin first in-season strike for more pay.

23 -- New York Mayor Edward Koch defeated by Lt. Gov. Mario Cuomo in Democratic primary election bid for governor.

24 -- International Atomic Energy Agency ousts Israel.

25 -- Largest protest in Israeli history draws 400,000 to anti-Begin demonstration in Tel Aviv. Ex-prison guard guns down 13, including five of his own children, in Wilkes-Barre, Pa. Soviet Jewish emigre seeking to return to the Soviet Union hijacks Alitalia jet enroute from Algeria to Rome; passengers freed and hijacker overpowered in Sicily.

26 -- West German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt ousted in a no-confidence vote.

28 -- Begin yields to demands for investigation of Israeli role in Beirut massacre of Palestinians. First reports in Chicago area of deaths from Extra-Strength Tylenol capsules adulterated with cyanide. Albania says a band of 'emigre criminals' was 'liquidated' following a coastal landing Sept. 25.


29 -- U.S. Marines return to Beirut, joining French and Italian troops.


1 -- West German Christian Democratic leader Helmut Kohl becomes chancellor. Sweden detects presence of unidentified sub, beginning an unsuccessful four-week sea search. Leaders of France and 18 African states meet in Kinshasa, Zaire, to discuss salvaging Organization of African Unity.

2 -- Bomb demolishes Tehran hotel; kills at least 60, injures 700.

3 -- Two Iranians seeking asylum in the U.S. hijack an Iranian military transport a domestic flight; 76 passengers freed in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, plane returned to Iran Oct. 4 after being denied permission to land in several countries.

7 -- U.S. orders deportation of Romanian Orthodox Archbishop Valerian Trifa of Grass Lake, Mich., an admitted former Nazi. India and Bangladesh agree to settle border disputes.

8 -- U.S. unemployment reaches 10.1 percent, highest since the end of the Great Depression, with 11.3 million out of work. Reagan meets Mexico's President-elect Miguel de la Madrid Hurtado on California border. Polish Parliament bans Solidarity and all other labor unions.

9 -- Reagan suspends most favored nation status for Poland. Gunmen attack Rome synagogue, killing 2-year-old boy and wounding 34 others.

10 -- Israel's Cabinet says Lebanon must agree to creation of a security buffer zone in its southern territory bordering Israel before an estimated 70,000 Israeli troops leave Lebanon.


11 -- Shipyard workers clash with police in Gdansk, protesting ban on Solidarity union. India's militant Sikhs storm New Delhi Parliament; four people killed.

12 -- PLO leader Yasser Arafat ends four days of meetings with Jordan's King Hussein; cites positive aspects of Reagan Middle East peace plan.

13 -- Netherlands Prime Minister Andreas van Agt resigns, citing health reasons. Anti-nuclear activists Alva Myrdal of Sweden and Alfonso Garcia Robles of Mexico awarded Nobel peace prize.

14 -- Polish couple hijack Bulgaria-to-Warsaw flight and force it to Vienna asking political asylum; they are arrested. Rev. Sun Myung Moon in a Unification Church ceremony in Seoul, South Korea, marries 11,600 followers from 83 countries in largest wedding ceremony in history.

16 -- U.S. halts financial support for International Atomic Energy Agency and warns the same action will be taken against any other U.N. branch that excludes Israel.

18 -- Bess Truman, widow of President Truman, dies at 97.

19 -- Lebanon's President Gemayel calls on Reagan; asked U.S. increase multinational peacekeeping force to speed withdrawal of foreign forces in Lebanon. John Z. DeLorean arrested in Los Angeles and charged in scheme to sell $24 million in cocaine to salvage his failed auto company.


23 -- Britain says key Soviet diplomat in Iran, Vladimir Andreyevich Kuzichkin, fled Iran in June and is now in London. U.S. reports say a Russian translator for British intelligence until 1977, Geoffrey Arthur Prime, under arrest since July, was a top Soviet mole.

25 -- Large gain for ruling Socialist Party in Greek municipal elections. Pope John Paul II appeals to China's Catholic church, independent since 1949, to rejoin Rome.

28 -- Spain's Socialist Party wins landslide election victory. U.N. General Assembly calls on Vietnam to remove its 180,000 troops from Cambodia and allow that country to choose its own government.

30 -- Portugal's new constitution takes effect, restoring civilian government for the first time since a military coup ended a 50-year dictatorship in 1974.

31 -- Pope John Paul II begins 10-day visit to Spain. Knoxville World's Fair ends after six months, more than 10 million visitors. John Dean book names Alexander Haig as 'Deep Throat' of book 'All The President's Men.'


2 -- Democrats score House gains in off-year U.S. elections; GOP keeps Senate edge.

3 -- In a record leap of 43.41 points, Dow Jones industrial average hits all-time high of 1,065.49. Nine Turkish gunmen against military rule in Turkey seize Turkish Consulate in Cologne, West Germany, taking 72 hostages; surrender after 16 hours.


6 -- Army coup in Upper Volta topples two-year-old regime of Col. Saye Zerbo.

7 -- Brezhnev, in last public appearance in Moscow; warns any who attack Soviets to expect crushing retaliation. Iranian forces drive into Iraq. Turkish voters approve constitution electing military ruler Gen. Kenan Evren president for seven years.

8 -- Biloxi, Miss., jail fire set by a prisoner kills or fatally injures 28. Israel's Begin testifies he did not know of the threat of a massacre of Palestinians by Christian militiamen in Lebanon refugee camps.

9 -- At least 1,100 Soviet soldiers and Afghan civilians reported dead in Afghanistan tunnel explosion. Canadian strike idles 2,500 Chrysler workers in U.S. Pope ends visit to Spain. To speed national recovery, Lebanese Parliament gives President Gemayel power to rule by decree for six months.

10 -- Soviet President Brezhnev, 18 years in power, dies at 75. British intelligence worker Geoffrey A. Prime sentenced to 35 years in London for giving the Soviets information 'of exceptionally grave nature.'

11 -- Space shuttle Columbia begins fifth flight and first commercial space mission. Explosion, later blamed on leaking bottled gas, destroys Israeli military headquarters at Tyre, south Lebanon, killing 75 Israelis, 14 Arabs.


12 -- Former KGB secret police chief Yuri Andropov, 68, succeeds Brezhnev as general secretary of Soviet Communist Party. Poland's martial law regime frees Solidarity union leader Lech Walesa after 11 months' internment.

13 -- Vietnam War memorial dedicated in Washington.

14 -- Brezhnev funeral draws world leaders to Moscow; Vice President Bush, Secretary of State Shultz represent U.S.; both meet with Brezhnev successor Andropov.

15 -- Draft registration law ruled invalid by Los Angeles federal judge who says 1980 law was improperly enacted. Escaped murderer Bruce Davis, recaptured Oct. 31 in West Virginia, reported to have confessed to 33 slayings across the country.

16 -- Columbia space shuttle and world's first four-man space crew land at Edwards Air Force Base, Calif.; spacewalk cancelled because of motion sickness and failure of spacesuit aparatus. National Football League ends 57-day strike with player agreement on five-year contract worth nearly $1.6 billion.

17 -- Ex-CIA agent Edwin Wilson convicted of smuggling weapons to Libyan agents.

18 -- Huang Hua replaced as China's foreign minister one day after his return from Moscow and talks with Gromyko, highest level such meeting since 1969. Soviet Premier Nikolai Tikhonov says Soviet Union is 'for normal and even better friendly relations' with U.S.


20 -- Pope begins two-day visit to Sicily.

21 -- NFL football resumes with out-of-shape players and diminished attendance.

22 -- Polish militiaman hijacks LOT AN-24 plane carrying 35 people on a domestic flight and forces it to West Berlin.

23 -- Hawaii's Kauai and Oahu islands ravaged by Hurricane Iwa; damage estimated at $200 million.

25 -- Organization of African Unity summit in Tripoli, Libya, collapses over Libyan refusal to seat pro-Western Chad delegation; Libya's Khadafy prevented from becoming OAU chairman.

26 -- PLO central council meeting in Damascus, Syria, rejects Reagan Middle East peace plan, saying it denies Palestinian people their own state. Yasuhiro Nakasone succeeds Zenko Suzuki as prime minister of Japan. More than 300 U.S. religious leaders denounce Reagan policies in Central America.

27 -- In worst Washington, D.C., disturbance since anti-war protests of the 1970s, demonstrators protesting a Ku Klux Klan rally go on rampage; 38 arrested, 19 injured. France agrees to suupply enriched uranium to U.S.-built nuclear power plant in India.

29 -- U.S. and Egypt call for speedy withdrawal of foreign troops from Lebanon and inclusion of Jordan and Palestinians in Middle East peace negotiations; President Gemayel asks U.S., France and Italy to increase 4,100-man multinational Lebanon peace-keeping force. The 88 member nations of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade meeting in Geneva make weak pledge to 'reduce trade frictions and overcome protectionist pressures.'


30 -- Reagan flies to Brazil to begin five-day, four-nation South American goodwill tour.


1 -- Sen. Edward Kennedy announces he will not seek Democratic presidential nomination for 1984. Miguel de la Madrid takes office as Mexico's president, announces broad austerity measures.

2 -- Retired Seattle dentist Barney B. Clark, 61, receives world's first artificial heart in Salt Lake City. Felipe Gonzalez takes office as Spain's first socialist prime minister.

3 -- U.S. jobless number 12 million or 10.8 percent, a 42-year high.

4 -- Reagan returns from 15,000-mile Latin American tour.

5 -- Jordan's King Hussein leads Arab League delegation to Peking seeking China's support for League's Middle East peace proposals.

6 -- Flooding from record rain causes millions of dollars in damage in Missouri and across the Midwest and South. Bomb in Londonderry, Northern Ireland, nightclub frequented by British soldiers kills 16 people and injures 66; Irish Republican Army suspected. Canadian economics professor Hugh Hambleton pleads guilty in London to spying for Soviets; sentenced to 10 years.

7 -- In Huntsville, Texas, Charlie Brooks becomes the first American executed by injection and first black executed since capital punishment resumed in 1977. House defeats Reagan funding for MX missile production. Pakistan's President Zia, meeting Reagan in Washington, asks for 'peaceful' nuclear technology.


8 -- In 10-hour drama at the Washington monument, self-proclaimed anti-nuclear protester Norman D. Mayer is shot dead after threatening to explode a van he falsely claimed held a half-ton of dynamite. House votes $2.5 billion to continue MX missile development.

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