UNITED NATIONS -- The U.N. Security Council unamimously condemned Israel today for bombing an Iraqi nuclear reactor and said Iraq was entitled to compensation.
The resolution, passed 15-0 with U.S. support, also called on Israel to refrain from such attacks in the future and place its own nuclear facilities under supervision of the International Atomic Energy Agency.
But a call for mandatory sanctions against the Jewish state was eliminated from the text at the request of the United States which negotiated for days with Iraq on a mutually acceptable approach in the Council's emergency session.
Iraq asked Security Council action after Israel's U.S.-built fighterbombers struck the Osirak reactor outside Baghdad on June 7, destroying the installation with 2,000 pound bombs.
In debate on the proposal, the United States called Israel a 'valued ally' but said the Israeli attack damaged peace prospects in the Middle East.
U.S. Ambassador Jeane Kirkpatrick made the cautiously balanced statement as the U.N. Security Council prepared to vote on the resolution.
Mrs. Kirkpatrick stressed the U.S. 'commitment to a just and enduring peace in the Middle East' but said the Israeli raid had not helped this objective.
She said that while Israel was 'an important and valued ally' of the United States, 'we believe the means Israel chose to quiet its fears about the purposes of Iraq's nuclear program have hurt, not helped, the peace and security of the area.
'In my government's view, diplomatic means available to Israel had not been exhausted,' the U.S. ambasador said.
The resolution before the council was worked out Thursday after intense backstage talks between Mrs. Kirkpatrick and Iraqi Foreign Minister Saddoun Hammadi. While it condemns Israel for the raid it does not contain sanctions, which would have prompted an American veto.
The measure, which was expected to pass unanimously, also says Iraq is entitled to 'appropriate redress' for the attack and its passage would mark the strongest condemnation so far of an Israeli action by the United States, which is seeking to shore up its credibility with Arab states.
'Throughout the negotiations of the last days,' Mrs. Kirkpatrick said, 'my government has sought only to move us closer to the day when genuine peace between Israel and its Arab neighbors will become a reality.
'We have searched for a reasonable outcome of the negotiations in the Security Council, one which would protect vital interests of all parties, and damage the vital interests of none, and which would ameliorate rather than exacerbate the dangerous passions and divisions of the area'.
She praised Hammadi for his 'cooperative spirit, restrained positions and good faith.'
We sincerely believe the results will move that turbulent area a bit closer to the time when all the states in the region have the opportunity to turn their energies and resources from war to peace, from armaments to development, from anxiety and fear to confidence and well-being.'
Mrs. Kirkpatrick spoke after Sigvard Eklund, executive director of the International Atomic Energy Agency, took the floor at the request of Iraq.
Eklund, a Swede, informed the council that Iraq had fully submitted to the agency's safeguards system under the non-proliferation treaty. In its last inspection in January 1981, he said, it had found no nuclear materials had been removed from Iraq's reactors.
He said a team of IAEA inspectors had been unable to approach the rubble of the destroyed Iraqi installations because of the danger of unexploded Israeli bombs.
Mrs. Kirkpatrick agreed to the compromise resolution after a key paragraph demanding mandatory sanctions against Israel had been stricken from its text. Iraq dropped its demands for the sanctions to avoid a U.S. veto and its supporters in the non-aligned, Arab and Soviet camp said they would go along with the Iraqi decision.
The resolution says Iraq is entitled to 'appropriate redress' for damage done during the air strike, calls on Israel to refrain from similar actions in the future, and declares the raid a serious threat to the nuclear safeguards provided for by the International Atomic Energy Agency.
The resolution also affirms Iraq's sovereign right to establish nuclear energy programs and calls on Israel to place its own nuclear facilities under the supervision of the IAEA. Under the resolution, U.N. Secretary General Kurt Waldheim would report to the Council regularly on compliance with the resolution.
Diplomatic sources interpreted the American agreement as a warning to Tel Aviv not to seek a military solution of the Syrian missile crisis with U.S. arms.
Senior moderate Arab diplomats had privately warned throughout the five-day Security Council debate, that a U.S. veto would undermine Washington's goal of bringing peace to the Middle East