FRANKFURT -- Russia's most famous living author, dissident Nobel Prize winner Alexander I. Solzhenitsyn, was stripped of his Soviet citizenship today and deported into exile in West Germany.
Solzhenitsyn, 55, arrived here on a Soviet 'Aeroflot plane that taxied to a far corner of Frankfurt airport. Newsmen were barred from approaching the plane "in the interest of Mr. Solzhenitsyn." Me was escorted down the passenger ramp by an airline security man.
The Soviet news agency Tass announced in Moscow that the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, the Soviet parliament, had taken away the outspoken author's citizenship "for performing systematically actions that are incompatible with being a citizen of the U.S.S.R. and detrimental to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics."
Tass said Solzhenitsyn's family, including his wife and three sons, "can join him when they deem it necessary."
Solzhenitsyn's deportation and asylum here climaxed the outcry in the Soviet Union over the publication in the West of his latest book "The Gulag Archipelago," a history of the Soviet forced-labor system.
Solzhenitsyn is the first Soviet citizen against whom such action has been taken in 45 years. The last to be exiled against his will was Leon Trotsky, who was deported to Turkey in 1929 after losing a power struggle with dictator Josef V. Stalin.
Solzhenitsyn's fellow Nobel Prize winner, West German author Hein-rich Boell, was quoted by the West German news agency DPA as saying that Solzhenitsyn would arrive to stay with him tonight at his country home west of Cologne.
A West German spokesman had announced that his government had agreed to accept the Nobel Prize winner when Russia informed West Germany he was coming.
Solzhenitsyn's wife told newsmen tonight in Moscow she had not been informed of the official decision and had no comment.
"I will not really believe it until I hear his voice telling me it is true," Mrs. Natalya Solzhenitsyn told newsmen who called at her apartment in central Moscow. "If he can, I know he will call me."
Her eyes were red. She looked distraught and she said, "We are all very upset." Behind her, her mother held one of Solzhenitsyn's three sons. The boy was crying.
"Now he is in a free country he will be able to tell everything himself," she said. "I don't want to say too much. I know you will understand. Please forgive me."
Confusion preceded Solzhenitsyn's arrival. In Duesseldorf, Interior Minister Willi Weyer of North Rhineland-Westphalia state, said Solzhenitsyn arrived at Frankfurt's Rhine-Main Airport this morning and went to Boell's home. Later a West German spokesman in Bonn said he had not yet arrived but that the Soviet government had informed West Germany he was coming and West Germany "is prepared to accept Mr. Solzhenitsyn."
During the official campaign against Solzhenitsyn, official Soviet media accused him of being a traitor and suggested he leave the country. He had refused to leave voluntarily. Friends had said they feared his arrest would be the first step towards expulsion.
When Solzhenitsyn. 55, was arrested Tuesday, he left behind a letter which said: "Kill me quickly because I write the truth about Russian history."