WASHINGTON, D.C. -- American voters gave President Eisenhower a second term by a landslide today, but apparently kept the Democrats in control of Congress.
At 7 a.m. cst, the Democrats had elected 210 House members, only eight short of a majority, and led in 19 of the 48 still unsettled contests.
They also were sure of 46 Senate seats, three below a majority, but were leading in all five of the undetermined races.
Mr. Eisenhower piled up a vote which may exceed his record-breaking total of four years ago. But it was a personal triumph for him, and many Republicans who hoped to ride into Congress on his coat-tails were disappointed.
It was 12:20 a.m. cst, when Adlai E. Stevenson, the Democratic presidential candidate, walked into a crowded Chicago hotel room and conceded defeat.
He appealed for national unity to face the threats to peace abroad, then smiled and said: "Let there be no tears, for if I lost an election, I won a grandchild."
A solemn Mr. Eisenhower went before a GOP victory celebration a few minutes later and said the result was a victory for his principles and a vote of confidence in "modern Republicanism."
The presidential popular vote at 12 noon gave Eisenhower 31,040,423; Stevenson, 22,694,985.
Eisenhower was leading in 41 states having 457 electoral votes; Stevenson in 7 states having 74 electoral votes.
The vote was from 132,233 of 154,865 precincts.
Eisenhower had 57.8 per cent of the major party popular vote, and Stevenson 42.2 per cent.
This was the biggest Republican presidential victory in history.
Stevenson won only Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina and South Carolina. He led in the incomplete vote from Arkansas.
The President led in Tennessee and won all the remaining states.
He cracked the normally Democratic South again to win Texas, Virginia and Florida, which he carried four years ago, and this time he added Louisiana.
In some of the midwestern farm belt states, Democrats gave a real scare to the incumbent Republicans in Congress. This was the area in which there had been periodic signs this year of rebellion against the Eisenhower administration farm policy.
But this situation did not damage Mr. Eisenhower, at least so far as his electoral vote was concerned/
Assuming, as seemed certain, that the Democrats also retained control of the Senate, it will be only the second time in history that a winning presidential candidate did not carry at least one of the houses of Congress with him.
The last time was in 1848 when Zachary Taylor, a Whig, won the presidency but the Democrats took the Senate and the House.
Mr. Eisenhower's electoral vote margin was larger even than his 1952 victory over Stevenson when the count was 442 to 89. Only two other landslides have been greater -- Franklin D. Roosevelt's 523-8 victory over Alf M. Landon in 1936 and FDR's 472-59 defeat of Herbert Hoover in 1932.
It appeared possible the president might even equal or surpass his popular vote of 33,937,252 in 1952, the largest ever amassed by any candidate in the past.