LONDON -- Great Britain today granted full diplomatic recognition to the Chinese Communist regime and broke relations with Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek's Nationalist government.
This marked the first major break in Anglo-American accord on foreign policy in a quarter of a century. U. S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson said only yesterday in Washington that it was "premature" to consider recognition of the Chinese Communists at all.
Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin sent a note to Peiping saying the decision to recognize the Communist regime was taken because the Communists were "now in effective control of by far the greatest part of the territory of China."
The note was addressed to Chou En-Lai, foreign minister of the Chinese Communist government headed by Mao. Tse-Tung. Mao now is in Moscow to negotiate revision of the 1945 Sino-Soviet treaty of friendship.
Five non-Communist nations now have recognized the Chinese Communists.' Burma, India and Pakistan granted recognition previously. The dominion of Ceylon followed Britain's action in announcing recognition today.
End Ties With Chiang.
Bevin's note to Chou En-Lai said that Britain was "ready to establish diplomatic relations (with the Peiping regime) on a basis of equality, mutual benefit and mutual respect for territory and sovereignty."
The Foreign Office announced simultaneously that recognition was being withdrawn from the Chinese Nationalist government which has been driven from the mainland of China to the island of Formosa.
The statement said the Chinese ambassador in London, Dr. Cheng Tien-His, was informed of this decision when he met Minister of State Hector McNeil at the Foreign Office for an hour last night.
Cheng said today that Nationalist China was receiving her knockout blow "not from her foes but from her friends and former allies."