LONDON, Oct. 29, 1946 (UP) - Generalissimo Josef Stalin said Monday night in answer to a questionnaire submitted by Hugh Baillie, president of United Press, that he disagreed with Secretary of State James F. Byrnes' statement that tension has increased between the United States and the Soviet Union.
Stalin cabled his replies in Russian to Baillie in London. As translated into English by the United Press in London, the questions and answers are as follows:
Question: Do you agree with the opinion of Secretary of State Byrnes, expressed in his broadcast speech of last Friday (Oct. 18) about the increased tension between the U.S.S.R. and the United States?
Question: If such an increasing tension exists could you indicate the reason or reasons for it and what are the main means of eliminating it?
Reply: This question does not apply in view of my answer to the preceding question.
Question: Do you consider that present negotiations will lead to the conclusion of peace treaties which will establish amicable relations between the peoples who were allies in war against Fascism, and will they remove the danger of an outbreak of war on the part of the former Fascist countries?
Reply: I hope so.
Question: What in the contrary case are the fundamental obstacles to establishment of such amicable mutual relations between nations which were allies in the great war?
Reply: This question does not apply in view of the answer to the preceding question.
Question: What is Russia's reaction to Yugoslavia's decision not to sign the peace treaty with Italy?
Reply: Yugoslavia has grounds to be dissatisfied.
Question: What in your opinion is at present the most serious threat to peace in the whole world?
Reply: The incendiaries of a new war: foremost Churchill and those who think like him in England (and) the United States.
Question: If such a threat should arise, what steps should be taken by the peoples of the world in order to avoid a new war?
Reply: It is necessary to unmask and bridle the incendiaries of a new war.
Question: Is the United Nations organization a guarantee of the intactness of small nations?
Reply: So far it is difficult to say.
Question: Do you think that the four zones of occupation in Germany should in the near future be thrown together in so far as economic administration is concerned, with a view to restoring Germany as a peaceful economic unit and thus lessening the burden of occupation to the four powers?
Reply: It is necessary to re-establish not only the economic but the political unity of Germany as well.
Baillie cabled the questionnaire to Generalissimo Stalin from London on Oct. 21. In the preface to his replies, Stalin said he received the questionnaire on Oct. 23.
Question: Do you feel it feasible at this time to create some sort of general administration to be placed in the hands of the Germans themselves, but under Allied control, which will make it possible for the council of foreign ministers to draft a peace treaty for Germany?
Reply: Yes, I think so.
Question: Do you feel confident in the light of the elections which have been held in various zones this summer and fall that Germany is developing politically along democratic lines which give hope for its future as a peaceful nation?
Reply: I am not sure of it for the time being.
Question: Do you feel that, as has been suggested in some quarters, the level permitted industry should be raised above the agreed level to permit Germany to pay her own way more fully?
Reply: Yes, I do.
Question: What should be done beyond the present four-power program to prevent Germany from again becoming a world military menace?
Reply: It is necessary to extirpate in practice the remnants of Fascism in Germany and to democratize her most thoroughly.
Question: Should the German people be allowed to reconstruct their industry and trade and become self-supporting?
Reply: Yes, they should.
Question: Have the provisions of Potsdam, in your opinion, been adhered to? If not what is needed to make the Potsdam declaration an effective instrument?
Reply: They are not always adhered to, especially in the field of the democratization of Germany.
Question: Do you feel that the veto power has been used to excess during the discussions among the four foreign ministers and in the meetings of the United Nations security council?
Reply: No, I don't.
Question: How far does the Kremlin feel that Allied powers should go in hunting down and trying minor war criminals in Germany; does it feel the Nuremberg decisions have created a sufficiently strong basis for such action?
Reply: The further they will go the better.
Question: Does Russia consider the western frontiers of Poland permanent?
Reply: Yes, it does.
Question: How does the U.S.S.R. regard the presence of British troops in Greece? Does it feel that Britain should supply more arms to the present Greek government?
Reply: As unnecessary. (This reply is textual from the Russian as received in London.)
Question: What is the extent of Russian military contingents in Poland, Hungary, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia and Austria and how long do you feel that these contingents must be maintained?
Reply: In the West, that is in Germany, Austria, Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania and Poland, the Soviet Union has at present 60 divisions altogether (rifle and armored). The majority of them are not in full strength. There are no Soviet troops in Yugoslavia. In two months time, when the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Oct. 22 of this year concerning the last demobilization classes will be implemented, 40 Soviet divisions will remain in the said countries.
Question: What is the attitude of the government of the U.S.S.R toward the presence of American warships in the Mediterranean?
Question: What is the present outlook for a commercial agreement between Russia and Norway?
Reply: It is difficult to say for the time being.
Question: Is it possible for Finland again to become a self-sufficient nation after reparations have been paid and is there any idea in contemplation of revising the reparations program so as to expedite Finland's recovery?
Reply: The question is put wrongly. Finland was and remains a fully self-sufficient nation.
Question: What will trade agreements with Sweden and other countries mean with regard to reconstruction in the U.S.S.R.? What outside aid to you consider desirable for accomplishment of this great task?
Reply: The agreement with Sweden constitutes a contribution to the cause of economic cooperation between the nations.
Question: Is Russia still interested in obtaining a loan from the United States?
Reply: She is interested.
Question: Has Russia yet developed its own atom bomb or any similar weapon?
Question: What is you opinion of the atom bomb or a similar weapon as an instrument of warfare?
Reply: I already gave my evaluation of the atom bomb in a known answer to Mr. Worth.
Question: How in you opinion can atomic power best be controlled? Should this control be created on an international basis and to what extent should the powers sacrifice their sovereignty in the interest of making control effective?
Reply: A strong international control is needed.
Question: How long will it require to rebuild the devastated areas of Western Russia?
Reply: Six or seven years, if not more.
Question: Will Russia permit commercial airlines to operate across the Soviet Union? Does Russia intend to extend her own airlines to other countries on a reciprocal basis?
Reply: Under certain conditions this is not excluded.
Question: How does your government view the occupation of Japan? Do you feel it has been a success on the present basis?
Reply: There are successes but it would be possible to attain better successes.