NUREMBERG, Feb. 11, 1946 (UP) - Field Marshal Friedrich von Paulus, commander of the captured German Sixth Army at Stalingrad, took the witness stand at the war crimes trial today to put the finger on Hermann Goering as a prime instigator of the Nazi attack on Russia.
Paulus, who led the Moscow-sponsored Free German Committee after his capture, was called by the Russian prosecution staff as a surprise witness against the Nazi defendants.
The witness named Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel and Col. Gen. Alfred Jodl of the German staff as the co-movers with Goering in planning the invasion of Russia.
Under direct questioning by Soviet Prosecutor Rudensko, Paulus testified that he was assigned to the German High Command on Sept. 3, 1940, and found that the operational plan for the Russian invasion already had begun.
The actual attack on the Soviet Union did not begin until June 21, 1941, but Paulus said the German High Command was actively preparing for it long before that time.
Paulus testified that Hitler told him in the summer of 1941 that Germany would lose the war unless she seized Russia's oil fields.
A Yugoslav War Crimes Commission filed formal charges of treason against Gen. Draja Mikhailovitch today, accusing the former royal army commander of leading his forces into a Nazi camp to fight against Marshal Tito's Communist-supported Yugoslav Partisans.
The Yugoslav charges were filed with the War Crimes Tribunal to support Tito's contention that Mikhailovitch should be arrested and tried as a war criminal.
(Mikhailovitch's exact where-abouts are unknown, although recent reports suggested he might be hiding out in Serbia.)
The account of Mikhailovitch's alleged treachery was based on a statement said to have been given to the Yugoslav commission by Milan Nedic, Germany's puppet premier of occupied Yugoslavia, who committed suicide in Belgrade last week.