LONDON -- Soviet Ambassador Andrei A. Gromyko denounced proposals to wipe out the big power veto in the United Nations Security Council today as Iran sought a way to force UNO consideration of its quarrel with Russia.
Gromyko told the assembly that any revision of the UNO charter would be dangerous and might lead to serious consequences. He stressed the importance of the Security Council, particularly in controlling the proposed Atomic Energy Commission, and condemned efforts to give the small nations equality with the big powers.
Seyed Hassan Taqizedah, head of the Iranian delegation, conferred with UNO executive secretary Gladwyn Jebb on the Soviet-Iranian dispute just before Gromyko spoke.
A UNO announcement said Taqizedah discussed "technical arrangements in connection with a possible approach by the Iranian government to the United Nations on the subject of the situation in Northwest Iran."
First Big Controversy
The Iranian government has instructed its delegation to present the UNO with its first maior controversy, which might involve Russia's use of the veto power.
Prime Minister Peter Fraser of New Zealand said he would use every opportunity to seek elimination of the veto power.
Gromyko was referring obviously to recent suggestions, especially in Britain, for conversion of the UNO into a world parliament and also to unofficial proposals to eliminate the Big Power veto in the security council.
"Observance of the charter of the organization and its enforcement not in word but in deed is an indispensable condition for the successful, fruitful activities of all organs of the United Nations," Gromyko said.
The Soviet diplomat's speech was one of the first to rise above generalities and platitudes with a blunt expression of the Soviet delegation's concern over talk of charter revision.
Gromyko said voices already had been heard stating that the charter was obsolete and in need of revision.
"Such allegations must be decisively rejected by all who not merely by words but by action are trying to build up a strong effective machinery for maintenance of security," he said. "Such allegations are dangerous and under certain conditions may lead to serious con sequences."
The Iranian delegates held a special meeting in a central hall conference room as the morning plenary session assembled to hear Gromyko.
Gromyko also warned delegates against revival in the UNO of old League of Nations methods. He reiterated earlier pleas before the preparatory commission for nations holding mandates to turn them into UNO trusteeships, to enable early creation of the Trusteeships Council.
Fascism Not Removed
Gromyko concluded with a warning that Fascism had not been removed from the world with the defeat of Japan and Germany.
"The fight for the eradication of the remnants of Fascism cannot be separated from the work of our organization," he said.
Gromyko expressed strong opposition to efforts by small states to gain large new powers in the UNO.
"This organization is designed to protect the interests of big and small states against aggression," he said. "Counterposing big countries with small ones had nothing in common with the principles of the United Nations Organization which has been created in the interests of the struggle against aggressive states and their allies."
Gromyko's address obviously referred to December statements of Anthony Eden and other prominent Britons calling for conversion of the UNO into a world parliament. Foreign Minister Ernest Bevin has expressed similar ideas, but has opposed any immediate changes.
Secretary of State James F. Byrnes has warned that this is no time for tinkering with the charter.