WASHINGTON, Aug. 7, 1945 (UP) -- Diplomats raised the question today of what the
development of the atomic bomb would mean in connection with United States' relations with Russia.
It was noted that no mention was made of Russia in any of the official releases concerning the atomic bomb. The project was strictly Anglo-American from start to finish.
"This makes academic any talk of a British-American federation -- it's already here," said one diplomat.
What appeared last week to be important items in national security may be secondary factors in the future. Will oil reserves be as important as deposits of uranium, the ore which is used in construction of the atomic bomb? Of what value is the world's largest army, navy and super bomber fleet to a nation without the atomic bomb?
These are some of the questions being asked in foreign offices throughout the world. The world's diplomats must gear themselves for the atomic age.
Diplomatic quarters said development of the atomic bomb made imperative the demands of peace-loving peoples that there be no more wars.
It placed in the hands of the United Stated an instrument whose threat may deter any future aggressors, but it places also on the United States a great responsibility and immense problems of how this weapon of utter destruction can be used to keep the peace.
Scientists throughout the world know a lot about the theory of atomic energy. Sooner or later they are certain to make the same discovery American and British scientists made in developing the bomb.
Misused, the atomic bomb probably could destroy civilization. It is the most terrible engine of destruction every conceived.
Well used, it should enable the great English speaking nations to assure a world of peace. The threat of the bomb alone might be enough to prevent any saber rattling.
The immediate hope is that the bomb will persuade the Japanese to surrender and escape utter destruction. That they face that choice alone was reiterated yesterday by President Truman in his announcement that the bomb had been used for the first time.
"If they do not accept our terms," he said, "they may expect a rain of ruin from the air, the like of which has never been seen on this earth."
The bomb was described as having the power of 20,000 tons of TNT, more than 2,000 times the blasting power of the British "Grand Slam" bomb, the largest ever used in warfare. But the effect of the bomb is almost beyond imagination.
It is likely that no eye witness will be able to give an accurate account of its power since no one close enough to obtain such a description could live.
Observers in Washington, frankly awed by the bomb's implications, believed the Japanese this time - if they have any reason left - must see the light and accept the United States' demand for surrender.
But the size of the army will not be reduced now because the new weapon is in use. It may be that many more bombs will have to be dropped on Japan, and invasion troops may have to follow the bombs.
Announcements on the bomb by President Truman, Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson, Prime Minister Clement Attlee and former Prime Minister Winston Churchill signaled what the war department called "man's entrance into a new physical world."
It means that man, at least to some extent, has harnessed the power which binds the atom's infinitesimal "solar system" together, the power which is the source of all the sun's radiation.
So vast are the prospects now opened up that use of atomic power to defeat Japan appears by comparison to be merely a short range goal, although the paramount one at present.
The present trustees of this power are the Anglo-American allies. One of the first questions raised was will they make the new discovery available to the United Nations organization? The United States and Britain now know the most about it, and the United States has a monopolistic head start in facilities for its production.
The answer to the question about its immediate use is that this country probably will use the atomic bomb in the interest of the United Nations but will keep under its own direction the secrets of its development and the experience gained in producing it.
The United States congress will have the last word on that. Mr. Truman has promised that congress will be responsible for the control of both production and use of atomic power within the United States.