CHICAGO, Aug. 5, 1940 (UP) -- Col. Charles A. Lindbergh told a peace rally yesterday that European nations are fighting a war over the division of territory and wealth, an issue that has caused conflict there since history began, and warned that the United States must remain aloof from that war.
He advocated that the United States offer Europe "a plan for the progress and protection of the western civilization" but he recommended that the offer be supported by an impregnable national defense. He said that an agreement with the powers that rule Europe, whether they be England or Germany, could maintain civilization and peace throughout the world as far as we can see, and that a war between the hemispheres might last for generations and bring all civilization tumbling down.
Lindbergh spoke to a crowd of 32,000 who attended the rally sponsored by the Citizens' Keep America Out of War Committee of which Avery Brundage, U.S. Olympics executive, is chairman. The address was broadcast. Other speakers were Senator Pat McCarran of Nevada, Democratic isolationist, and Representative James E. Van Zandt (R., Pa.), three times national commander of the Veterans of Foreign Wars.
"Let us offer Europe a plan for the progress and protection of the western civilization of which they and we each form a part," Lindbergh said. "If we refuse to consider treaties with the dominant nation of Europe regardless of who that may be, we remove all possibility of peace.
"We are often told that if Germany wins the war, co-operation will be impossible, and treaties no more than scraps of paper. I reply that co-operation is never impossible when there is sufficient gain on both sides and that treaties are seldom torn apart when they do not cover a weak nation. I would be among the last to advocate depending upon treaties for our national safety. I believe that we should rearm fully for the defense of America, and that we should never make the type of treaty that would lay us open to invasion if it were broken.
"But if we refuse to consider treaties with the dominant nation of Europe, regardless of who that may be, we remove all possibility of peace."
He reviewed his experiences while he lived in Europe after his son, Charles Augustus Jr., had been kidnapped and slain in the United States. He said he had felt for many years that some change would be necessary in the European conditions and that living in Europe had convinced him that such change could be accomplished only through war.
"When I saw the wealth of the British Empire, I felt that the rich had become too rich," he said. "When I saw the poverty of central Europe, I felt that the poor had become too poor. That something would happen was blazoned on the skies of Europe by mounting thousands of fighting aircraft.
"The underlying issue was clear. It concerned the division of territory and wealth between nations. It has caused conflict in Europe since European history began. The longer I lived in Europe, the more I felt that no outside influence could solve the problems of European nations or bring them lasting peace. They must work out their destiny as we must work out ours."
He said that recently "the underlying tradition of American independence" had broken through what he described as agitation and hysteria for entry of the United States into European war.
"There are still interests in this country and abroad who will do their utmost to draw us into war," he said. "Against these interests we must be continuously on guard.
"Both political parties have declared against our entry into the war. People are beginning to realize that the problems of Europe cannot be solved by the interference of America, we have at last started to build our own continent. By these acts, our eyes turned once more in the direction of security and peace, for if our own military forces are strong, no foreign nation can invade us, and, if we do not interfere with their affairs, none will desire to."
The Democratic National Committee has announced that Senator Scott Lucas (D., Ill.), will reply to Lindbergh's address in a nation wide broadcast tonight at 10:15 (Eastern time).
McCarran charged that the United States was led in the World War by a system of controlled propaganda and long-term credit.
"What aroused this country in 1917 to enter into a conflict that had been going on with frightful consequences for more than three years?" he asked. "It is history now....That this god-fearing, liberty-loving, peace-long nation was led into the World War by a system of cajoling propaganda, working in conjunction with far-flung credit that had been extended to warring nations..."
He said European nations had been fighting wars for most of the 150 years since the United States Government was established. He said Great Britain had been at war 68 per cent of that time and France 66 per cent of that time.
"If our Utopian idea of 'making the world safe for democracy' by sending our boys and arms across the...ocean to aid friendly nations in a struggle against their foes had prevailed since we became a constitutional government, it would have been necessary for us to have maintained a standing army at every port of embarkation in the United States during every year of our national existence," he said.