LONDON, July 6, 1925 (UP) -- Scientists have abandoned the idea that man descended from monkeys. Instead, according to Prof. E. N. Fallaize, secretary of the Royal Anthropological Institute, in an exclusive interview with the United Press, they are proceeding on the theory that man may have come from an ancestor prior to both monkey and man, but a common ancestor of both.
"It has been some time since scientists in general gave up on the search for a 'missing link' as the explanation of the gap between man and monkey," he said, "and they have been looking for fossil remains which historically preceded both man and monkey, yet embody the ancestor of both.
"In the recent discovery of a fossil known as the 'sivaphithecus,' discovered in the foothills of the Himalaya mountains in India, we have indications that such a type of common ancestor to both did exist. It is too early to make any pronouncements, but further search is being made and one cannot tell but that any day conclusive substantiation of this theory may be uncovered.
"We no longer believe that man evolved in successive stages from the monkey up through the Java man, the Heidlberg man, the Piltsdown man and so up to the present day man of the civilized world as we know him.
"There is no direct connection-no missing link-between a monkey and man. The monkey is a monkey, has always been so, and will remain so until the species perish from the face of the earth. No contact with men and civilization, no matter how long, will ever make a man of him."
Professor Fallaize holds that before man and monkey there was a common stock with offshoots, one becoming monkey, the other man. He doubts that the present type of man will survive as he is, pointing out that the Neanderthal and other types of primitive men perished when conditions surrounding them changed, or offshoots with peculiar adaptability to these conditions appear.
Fallaize believes firmly in evolution. He points out that even today evolution is working. Men's teeth and eyes are not as sound as they used to be.
"Gradually the present characteristics of the dominant race are changing," he said. "Whether it is an adaptation which will make for our survival under changed conditions of existence or whether it makes for their subjugation and extinction by another divergent branch of the human race yet to come, only the centuries will tell.
"Too much confidence in our continued survival must not be placed on the simple matter of the size of our brains. Tens of thousands of years ago men lived on the earth with larger and better formed heads and with more brain capacity in them than the present Europeans. But they were men of one outstanding capacity and they perished utterly before races with less well formed heads and less brain capacity.
"The future of the human race is even more of a riddle than the past. What we will be like 100,000 years from now is a subject of exceedingly interesting speculation."