PARIS -- Peace became effective at 4:11 p.m. today when allied and German representatives exchanged ratifications of the treaty of Versailles.
Previous to the exchange of the ratifications, the Germans signed the protocol covering enforcement of the terms. American Ambassador Wallace was not present.
Premier Clemenceau in closing the session said:
"The protocol ending the armistice has been signed, ratifications have been exchanged, and the treaty is effective immediately."
Following the ceremony several of the allied delegates bowed to the Germans, but did not shake hands with them.