WASHINGTON, March 5, 1913 (UP) -- President Wilson got an early start on his first full day's work as chief executive today. Despite the fatiguing program of his induction into office yesterday and the late hour at which he retired, the president was up by 7 o'clock.
He took his morning "tub," got out his strop and the old-fashioned razor and by 7:30 was clean-shaven, dressed and ready for breakfast.
His first meal in the white house was a simple one. He and Mrs. Wilson and the three Wilson daughters partook of it in the private dining room. The president ate half a grapefruit, a small portion of oatmeal and two soft boiled eggs, his usual morning meal. Coffee was tabooed. Plenty of water without ice was served in its stead.
Breakfast out of the way, Wilson hurried over to his private sanctum in the executive offices. He arrived just in time to see his secretary, Joseph P. Tumulty, sworn in, and to extend congratulations.
Right away the new president encountered an obstacle. There was no chair to go with the ornate presidential desk. Taft took the mammoth seat which had served him for four years when he left yesterday. It was his personal property and he wanted it as a souvenir. The chair Col. Roosevelt used was finally located.
Wilson then sat down at the desk and plunged at once into a mass of papers, mail and official records.
Wilson's new cabinet held its fist meeting at 10 o'clock today.
The first arrival was Chancellor L. M. Garrison of New Jersey, secretary of war. On his heels came Josephus Daniels, North Carolina, secretary of the navy. The next arrivals were William Jennings Bryan, secretary of state; Representative Burleson, postmaster general; Franklin K. Lane, secretary of the interior; and William C. Redfield, secretary of commerce.
The next arrivals were William B. Wilson, secretary of labor; James McReynolds, attorney general; and D. F. Houston, agriculture, William G. McAdoo, the new treasury head, was 20 minutes late to the meeting.
In connection with the cabinet appointments, Wilson announced that William F. McCombs, national democratic chairman, had been offered one of the big diplomatic posts.
In a statement the president said:
"Those who know my admiration and affection for William F. McCombs will naturally wonder why his name is not on the cabinet list. Mr. McCombs told me he did not desire a cabinet appointment. I have offered him one of the principal diplomatic posts and am still hoping he will accept it."
Just as the cabinet members were emerging "Uncle Joe" Cannon arrived at the executive offices to pay his respects to the new president. The cabinet members shook hands with him, and he congratulated them.
"I just came over to see a man who is newly born," said Cannon, referring to Wilson. "Now I am going around to the various departments to say goodby to the men who have just died," referring to the retiring cabinet members.
"No officeseekers need apply at the white house," was President Wilson's dictum in his first official statement.
Wilson's statement was as follows:
"The president regrets he is obliged to announce he deems it his duty to decline to see applicants for office in person, except when he himself invites the interview.
"It is his purpose and desire to devote his attention very earnestly and very constantly to the business of the government and the large questions of policy affecting the whole nation, and he knows the greater part, both of his time and energy, will be spent in interviews with candidates unless he gets an invariable rule in that matter."
The first business transacted by the new president was the big dictation of letters to retiring cabinet members and their assistant secretaries, accepting their resignation.
Following his conference with members of his cabinet, the president sent their names to the senate for confirmation. The list was complete, including those who had met with him a few minutes before.
Mayor Newton D. Baker, Cleveland, called at President Wilson's office while the cabinet was in session. He was accompanied by W. J. Murphy, W. B. Gongwer and Charles W. Stage, all of Cleveland. They expected to pay their respects to the president later.