WASHINGTON, March 4, 1913 (UP) -- Woodrow Wilson, democrat, today is president of the United States.
The twenty-eighth president, he was inaugurated promptly at noon, amid the wild cheers of all Washington and 250,000 visitors who had come from all parts of the country to witness the ceremonies.
The oath of office was administered the new president by Chief Justice White on the east front to the capitol.
With head uncovered and hand upraised, Wilson took the oath that binds him to faithfully perform the duties of the nation's chief executive and to uphold the government of the United States.
Following the administration of the oath of office, Wilson delivered his inauguration address, declaring a new era had dawned upon the country, that much of the old was outworn and that much of the new already was familiar as the old.
In breaking voice, he pleaded for the nation's support in the efforts he promised to give all justice and an equality of opportunity.
As soon as the address was finished the presidential party drove to the white house, where ex-President Taft bade the new executive farewell.
The inauguration parade, already formed, waited an hour until Wilson and his party had lunched, when it swung into review before the new president.
The whole inaugural program was delayed more than half an hour by pressure of end-of-the-session business in the senate. The old expedient of turning the clock back was utilized in both branches of the national legislature, in order that the constitutional provision that the short session must end at noon March 4 might be observed.
The parade, reviewed by Wilson from the glass-enclosed platform in front of the white house, was the largest ever given an incoming president.
The line of march stretched for miles, and the last ranks promised not to reach the president's reviewing stand until late in the afternoon.
Before Wilson was inaugurated, Vice President Marshall had taken the oath of office in the senate chamber. Wilson, according to custom, attended with ex-President Taft.
It was shortly after 9:30 when the congressional delegation, brave in their silk hats and cutaways and frock coats, hustled up to the president-elect's room. A moment later, they left the hotel for the brief trip to the white house.
Thousands of spectators cheered the new chief magistrate. The Princeton students, the Essex cavalry troop and university of Virginia students massed along the streets preserved order. The Princeton boys, two deep, stood along H-st up to Madison-place, and there the Virginia students were massed into two great lines extending across to the white house entrance.
Wilson had two members of the congressional committee occupied one carriage, and behind them was Vice President Marshall. The Essex and Culver troops clattered alongside both vehicles.
Maj. Gen. Wood had massed his staff of aids and marshals on the white house lawn, the horses tramping the tender grass of the plot that was Mrs. Taft's pride.
The Princeton students, marching in, formed in a big section directly in front of the portico, arriving just as Wilson was stepping out of his carriage.
A cheer leader, with an orange and black baton, stepped to the front of the massed crowd of fellow students. He raised his arms, and then there burst forth the thrilling strains of "Old Nassau."
Wilson had not seen the preparations for this, but as the first strain of the old Princeton anthem came to his ears, he turned quickly. He doffed his hat, clicked his heels together, and with Col. Cosby and Lieutenant Commander Timmons, Taft's military and naval aids, flanked on either side, stood at attention-his hat held across his breast.
It seemed as though tears almost welled up in his eyes-his face was transfigured with emotion. When the chorus had died away he lifted his silk hat on high, waved it to the boys, and then turned into the white house.
The party's stay in the white house was very brief. It was 10:13 when aids, resplendent in gold lace, headed a little cluster of men, in which the bulky figure of the outgoing president was the leader.
Beside Taft was the president-elect, and then came Vice President-elect Marshall.
When W. J. Bryan left the Shoreham hotel, he had credentials which entitled him to a seat on the floor of the senate during the inauguration of the vice president, in his capacity as prospective secretary of state. This was an unusual procedure, but is said to have been arranged at Wilson's request.
Taft and Wilson were seated with Chairman Eustis of the citizens' inaugural committee, and Senator W. Murray Crane of Massachusetts, chairman of the joint congressional committee on the inaugural committee.
Beside and behind this carriage the Essex cavalry troop clanked along.
Bringing up the rear were Jim Sloan, in charge of the secret service operatives at the white house, and Dick Taylor, the secret service man who has been with the president-elect ever since Nov. 5.
As a special dispensation the newspaper correspondents who have "covered" the incoming executive ever since he was nominated at Baltimore, marched along behind the secret service guard.
The second carriage in the parade was that containing Vice President Marshall, Senator Overman and Representative Rucker. The two latter were members of the congressional inaugural committee. The carriage itself was surrounded by the famous "Black Horse troop" of Culver military cadets.
Four other carriages completed the parade. They contained, in order, Representatives McKinley and Garrett, members of the congressional committee; Postmaster General Hitchcock and Secretary of the Treasury MacVeagh; Secretary of Agriculture Wilson and Secretary of the Interior Fisher; Major Rhoades, Lieutenant Commander Timmons and Col. Cosby, military and naval aids to the white house.
As the cavalcade passed out of the white house grounds, the new president turned about in his seat and waved a friendly greeting to the newspaper men.
Seeing servants clustered at windows of the white house, Wilson then smiled and waved his hands to them.
Half way down the gravel driveway, a troop of horses, restless under the excitement and noise of cheering from thousands of throats, reared up, swung over and struck the carriage containing the president and incoming executive.
It was only a slight blow, and a soldier quickly jerked the nervous animals back on their haunches and succeeded in quieting them.
As the cavalcade turned into Pennsylvania-av and passed down through the court of honor to 15th-st, thence to Pennsylvania-av again, the incoming chief magistrate caught his first glimpse of the decorations on that historic thoroughfare-decorations in his honor.
He smiled and waved a greeting to the cheering throng and appeared vastly interested.
While most of the cheers on the trip down Pennsylvania-av to the capitol were for Wilson, Marshall was heartily received. Some stanch republicans yelled an occasional shout of "Bill" Taft.
Arriving at the capitol, the procession found a vast audience assembled in front of the stand from which the new president was to take the oath. His reception was tumultuous. The party took their separate ways into the capitol building-Wilson and Taft to the president's room and Marshall to the Vice President's office.
Taft sat down at once before the big table in the executive's room and plunged into the reading and signing of a pile of bills. Wilson meanwhile talked to cabinet officers and senators who came in to pay their respects.
The reception to Wilson in the president's room developed into an informal levee. The incoming executive took his place, standing in a corner of the room opposite from Taft.
One of his friends finally besought him to sit down, pointing out he would be forced to remain on his feet throughout the afternoon and he ought to rest as much as possible. Wilson reluctantly consented and thereafter received greetings from a big armchair.
With the inauguration, democracy, in political darkness for two decades, came into its own again.
All night long the city echoed to the tread of marching feet as the soldiers, 30,000 strong, came through. Beginning at midnight the long line of thousands anxious to obtain vantage spots from which to watch the inauguration ceremonies had begun forming.
At the union station trains arriving a few minutes apart disgorged their burdens of sightseers. Train loads of cadets, state militia and pleasure seekers swarmed on the streets.
From his windows in the Shoreham hotel early today, President-elect Wilson looked out upon a chill, gray day. An overcast sky threw a dull blanket over the capital. An ominous hint of rain, with a hidden promise of sunshine, comprised the uncertain prospect.
The capital's greatest crowd in history, estimated at 250,000, awaited the coming of the new administration. Before daybreak a dense crowd blackened the parks and streets about the capitol and white house.
Before 10 o'clock a crowd estimated at 10,000 had formed before the stand to the east of the capitol to await the formal ceremonies at noon. About the president-elect's hotel sightseers massed upon the sidewalk.
At the white house, President Taft, Mrs. Taft and Miss Helen Taft had their last meal in that historic mansion. Immediately afterward, Mrs. Taft and Miss Taft drove to the home of their friends, Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Boardman, while the president remained to greet his successor.
Thousands were in their seats on the reviewing stands lining Pennsylvania-av before 9 o'clock. Mounted police and cavalry patrolled the mile long line of march. Passage along the sidewalks was almost impossible at 10 o'clock.
Fifteen governors and their staffs clattered toward the capitol at 9 o'clock to join the legions of the parade, which began formation covering half a dozen blocks on all sides of the capitol at daybreak. Regiments of militia and regulars swung into line. Cavalry wheeled into position. Heavy guns of the artillery rumbled over the streets, while hundreds of civic organizations struggled to attain martial formation.