Demonstrations at Jerusalem's Al-Aqsa mosque

Demonstrations at Jerusalem's Al-Aqsa mosque

JERUSALEM, Oct. 17 (UPI) --As Israeli authorities restricted entrance into the Al-Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem, a Muslim holy site, the chief of Hamas called for the mosque's defense.
Ed Adamczyk
Jordanian MPs call for end to 1994 treaty with Israel

Jordanian MPs call for end to 1994 treaty with Israel

AMMAN, Jordan, Feb. 26 (UPI) -- Jordanian members of Parliament called for the end to a peace treaty with Israel in reaction to Israel mulling sovereignty over the al-Aqsa mosque compound.

Jordanian court indicts Palestinian writer in absentia

AMMAN, Jordan, Dec. 31 (UPI) -- A Palestinian writer and academic says a Jordanian court indicted him in absentia, accusing him of damaging the country's image and inciting hatred.

West Bank killings heighten fears of new intifada

RAMALLAH, West Bank, Oct. 14 (UPI) -- With three Israelis killed in the West Bank in as many weeks and new clashes between Palestinian protesters and Israeli police in Jerusalem's flashpoint holy sites there are growing concerns that another Palestinian intifada is brewing.

5 detained after men threw stones at Jewish visitors at Temple Mount

JERUSALEM, Sept. 4 (UPI) -- A group of masked young men threw stones at officers and Jewish visitors Wednesday morning at the Temple Mount in Israel, police said.

Abbas, Jordan's Abdullah sign defense pact

AMMAN, Jordan, March 31 (UPI) -- Palestinian National Authority President Mahmoud Abbas and Jordan King Abdullah have signed a pact to defend Jerusalem and its holy sites, officials said.
Iran funds al-Aqsa mosque model

Iran funds al-Aqsa mosque model

BEIRUT, Lebanon, Oct. 5 (UPI) -- A copy of one of Islam's holiest sites has been built near the Lebanese border with Israel in honor of a visit by Iran's president, officials said.

Israeli forces lock down Old City

RAMALLAH, West Bank, Sept. 24 (UPI) -- Israeli forces say they locked down East Jerusalem Friday, keeping Palestinians under 50 from entering the al-Aqsa Mosque to prevent further clashes.

Israelis guard praying Ramadan Muslims

JERUSALEM, Sept. 3 (UPI) -- About 2,000 Israeli troops guarded tens of thousands of Muslims pouring into Jerusalem's al-Aqsa mosque area for final Friday Ramadan prayers, observers say.

Abbas said under U.S. pressure in talks

RAMALLAH, West Bank, Sept. 3 (UPI) -- Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas is being pressured to continue talks with Israel even if Israel resumes construction in West Bank settlements, sources say.

Threat of new Palestinian uprising grows

RAMALLAH, West Bank, Sept. 2 (UPI) -- The killing of four Israeli settlers in the West Bank Tuesday just before Israeli-Palestinian peace talks resumed in Washington has intensified fears the Palestinians could unleash a new intifada, or uprising.

Egyptians complain of gas sales to Israel

CAIRO, March 29 (UPI) -- Subsidized natural gas exports from Egypt to Israel are helping the Israelis build settlements in contested areas, Egyptian lawmakers complained.
West Bank killings fuel uprising fears

West Bank killings fuel uprising fears

RAMALLAH, West Bank, March 22 (UPI) -- Israeli soldiers have killed four Palestinians in the West Bank, two of them after a clash with Jewish settlers of a water well, stoking fears that a New Palestinian uprising is in the offing.

Muslim Brotherhood declares 'rage day'

CAIRO, March 12 (UPI) -- Egyptian authorities arrested scores of ranking members of the Muslim Brotherhood in anticipation of unrest during Friday prayers across the country.

Israel temporarily seals off West Bank

JERUSALEM, March 12 (UPI) -- Israel's army has temporarily sealed off the West Bank and tightened security at the old city of Jerusalem to head off possible disturbances, officials said.
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al-Aqsa Mosque
Moslems gather to pray near the Dome of the Rock on the first Friday of Ramadan in the Old City of Jerusalem, on September 14, 2007. More than 93,000 Muslims attended prayers at the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem. (UPI Photo/ Debbie Hill)

Al-Aqsa Mosque (Arabic:المسجد الاقصى, Arabic pronunciation: , al-Masjid al-Aqsa (help·info) translit: "the Farthest Mosque"), also known as al-Aqsa, is an Islamic holy place in the Old City of Jerusalem. The site that includes the mosque (along with the Dome of the Rock) is also referred to as al-Haram ash-Sharif or "Sacred Noble Sanctuary", a site also known as the Temple Mount, the holiest site in Judaism, the place where the First and Second Temples are generally accepted to have stood. Widely considered as the third holiest site in Islam, Muslims believe that Muhammad was transported from the Sacred Mosque in Mecca to al-Aqsa during the Night Journey. Islamic tradition holds that Muhammad led prayers towards this site until the seventeenth month after the emigration, when God ordered him to turn towards the Ka'aba.

According to Islamic belief, Jacob, son of Isaac, was the first to build the Mosque as a House of God. The Kaaba in Mecca was the first House of Worship to God, and the Masjid Al-Aqsa (Bayt Al-Maqdis) was the second. Originally built by Jacob and greatly expanded and renovated by King Solomon, the Mosque was destroyed twice.

The al-Aqsa Mosque was originally a small prayer house built by the Rashidun caliph Umar, but was rebuilt and expanded by the Ummayad caliph Abd al-Malik and finished by his son al-Walid in 705 CE. After an earthquake in 746, the mosque was completely destroyed and rebuilt by the Abbasid caliph al-Mansur in 754, and again rebuilt by his successor al-Mahdi in 780. Another earthquake destroyed most of al-Aqsa in 1033, but two years later the Fatimid caliph Ali az-Zahir built another mosque which has stood to the present-day. During the periodic renovations undertaken, the various ruling dynasties of the Islamic Caliphate constructed additions to the mosque and its precincts, such as its dome, facade, its minbar, minarets and the interior structure. When the Crusaders captured Jerusalem in 1099, they used the mosque as a palace and church, but its function as a mosque was restored after its recapture by Saladin. More renovations, repairs and additions were undertaken in the later centuries by the Ayyubids, Mamluks, Ottomans, the Supreme Muslim Council, and Jordan. Today, the Old City is under Israeli control, but the mosque remains under the administration of the Palestinian-led Islamic waqf.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "al-Aqsa Mosque."
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