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Space: ESA sets new goals

A weekly series of articles by UPI examining the aerospace industries of selected countries. The European Space Agency has taken a step toward defining a new direction for its space policy and programs.
FRANK SIETZEN, United Press International

Analysis: A Chinese lunar orbit by 2008?

WASHINGTON, Nov. 11 (UPI) -- China's space program chiefs were not whistling in the wind when they proclaimed recently their intention of sending men around the moon to celebrate the Beijing Olympics in 2008. They already have conducted successful flight tests of the spacecraft that
MARTIN SIEFF, UPI Senior News Analyst

Analysis: NASA's shambles persist

WASHINGTON, Nov. 5 (UPI) -- The Senate has stepped in to try and restore direction to a drifting, rudderless National Aeronautics and Space Administration, but its prospects for success are not great.
MARTIN SIEFF, UPI Senior News Analyst

Flight's 2nd century: Seeking the X Prize

A 200-pound, 5-foot trophy and a $10-million purse await the first company that flies three people twice in two weeks to the edge of space in a privately-developed craft by Dec. 31, 2004. Right now, 24 teams are in the running.
IRENE MONA KLOTZ, UPI Science News

The Almanac

Today is Saturday, April 12, the 102nd day of 2003 with 263 to follow.
By United Press International

A Blast from the Past

After months of rising tensions, the Civil War began on this date in 1861 when Major Robert Anderson refused to evacuate Fort Sumter in South Carolina and Confederate troops opened fire on the harbor fort. The barrage continued until Anderson surrendered.
By United Press International

A Blast from the Past

The weekly UPI Blast from the Past package for April 7-13.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Sunday, March 9, the 68th day of 2003 with 297 to follow.
By United Press International

Analysis: Over Columbia, falls the shadow

WASHINGTON, Feb. 1 (UPI) -- The awful disintegration of space shuttle Columbia over Texas Saturday morning was grimly rich in sobering symbolism, as such tragedies usually are.
MARTIN SIEFF, UPI Senior News Analyst

NBO space odessy since sputnik

WASHINGTON, Oct. 7 (UPI) -- This past week marked the 45th anniversary of the Start of the Space Age. But where's the Space Odyssey?
MARTIN SIEFF, UPI Senior News Analyst

Feature: Sputnik opened the space doorway

Sputnik, the world's first artificial satellite, weighed only 184 pounds and at about 23 inches wide was about the size of a beach ball, but 45 years ago Friday, on October 4, 1957, it changed the course of history by ushering in the Space Age.
FRANK SIETZEN, JR., UPI Science News

Cooking: NASA's heavenly menus

WASHINGTON, Sept. 18 (UPI) -- Those on Earth with crumb distributors of all ages under their roofs might take a lesson from NASA. Here are a couple of naturally preserved treats that would convey well for months on land or in space and produce no dangerous debris.
JULIA WATSON

The Almanac

Today is Friday, April 12, the 102nd day of 2002 with 263 to follow. The moon is new. There are no morning stars.
By United Press International

A Blast From The Past

Today is April 12. After months of rising tensions, the Civil War began on this date in 1861 when Major Robert Anderson refused to evacuate Fort Sumter in South Carolina and Confederate troops opened fire on the harbor fort.
PENNY NELSON BARTHOLOMEW, United Press International

A Blast From The Past

Today is April 8. It was on this date in 1949 that three-year-old Kathy Fiscus of San Marino, Calif., fell into an abandoned well while playing.
PENNY NELSON BARTHOLOMEW, United Press International
Page 4 of 5
Photos
Yuri Gagarin
Russian President Dmitry Medvedev walks past by Yuri Gagarin's statue in the town of Gagarin on July 31, 2008. The town of Gagarin is named after famed Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin who piloted the first space flight in 1961. (UPI Photo/Anatoli Zhdanov)
Wiki

Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin (Russian: Ю́рий Алексе́евич Гага́рин, Russian pronunciation: ; 9 March 1934 – 27 March 1968) was a Soviet pilot and cosmonaut. He was the first human being to journey into outer space, when his Vostok spacecraft completed an orbit of the Earth on April 12, 1961.

Gagarin became an international celebrity, and was awarded many medals and honours, including Hero of the Soviet Union, the nation's highest honour. Vostok 1 marked his only spaceflight, but he served as backup crew to the Soyuz 1 mission (which ended in a fatal crash). Gagarin later became deputy training director of the Cosmonaut Training Centre outside Moscow, which was later named after him. Gagarin died in 1968 when a MiG 15 training jet he was piloting crashed.

Gagarin was born in the village of Klushino near Gzhatsk (now in Smolensk Oblast, Russia), on 9 March 1934. The adjacent town of Gzhatsk was renamed Gagarin in 1968 in his honour. His parents, Alexey Ivanovich Gagarin and Anna Timofeyevna Gagarina, worked on a collective farm. While manual labourers are described in official reports as "peasants", his mother was reportedly a voracious reader, and his father a skilled carpenter. Yuri was the third of four children, and his elder sister helped raise him while his parents worked. Like millions of people in the Soviet Union, the Gagarin family suffered during Nazi occupation in World War II. After a German officer took over their house, the family constructed a small mud hut where they spent a year and nine months until the end of the occupation. His two older siblings were deported to Nazi Germany for slave labour in 1943, and did not return until after the war. In 1946, the family moved to Gzhatsk.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Yuri Gagarin."
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