Car of cosmonauts to be dropped

MOSCOW, Dec. 8 (UPI) -- The Volga passenger car, one of Russia's enduring symbols of Soviet pride, is to be discontinued, The Moscow Times reported Thursday. Igor Kulgan, an official with RusPromAvto, the Volga's manufacturer, told an automotive conference Wednesday, "It looks u

Japan travel agency to sell space trips

TOKYO, Aug. 19 (UPI) -- Japanese travel agency JTB Corp. plans to begin a partnership with space experience company Space Adventures Ltd. and market the firm's tours in Japan.

The Almanac

Today is Tuesday, April 12, the 102nd day of 2005 with 263 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Wednesday, March 9, the 68th day of 2005 with 297 to follow.
By United Press International

Russian children ill from rocket fuel

NOVOSIBIRSK, Russia, Jan. 13 (UPI) -- Children living near the flight path of rockets launched from a Soviet-era space launch station have shown high rates of hormonal problems and blood disorders. A study done by Siberian researchers, unpublished but leaked to the journal Nature, blamed unbu

S. Korea screening astronaut hopefuls

SEOUL, Oct. 17 (UPI) -- South Korea's first two astronauts will be chosen next May, the Korea Times reported Sunday.

Commentary: U.S. remains lost in space

WASHINGTON, July 19 (UPI) -- Some 35 years after U.S. astronaut Neil Armstrong became the first human being to walk on the moon, NASA's long-fabled manned space program remain a chaotic, drifting shambles, filled with high aspirations and zero capabilities.
MARTIN SIEFF, United Press International

Future bright for Baikonur Cosmodrome

BAIKONUR, Kazakhstan, July 1 (UPI) -- The oldest manned spaceport in the world is also still the busiest and, as it has so often in the past, the Baikonur Cosmodrome is once again beating the odds.
MARTIN SIEFF, UPI Senior News Analyst

Low tech, great engineers boost Baikonur

BAIKONUR, Kazakhstan, July 1 (UPI) -- The legendary Gagarin Launch Complex at the famed Baikonur Comsmodrome is the oldest, most fabled manned rocket launching pad in the world, and it is still in business after 43 years.
MARTIN SIEFF, UPI Senior News Analyst

Space Race II: Not NASA's space program

A new UPI series exploring the people, passions and business of suborbital manned spaceflight. This week: The faithful, the curious, and of course the news media will gather on June 21 to witness the start of a new era in human spaceflight.
IRENE MONA KLOTZ, United Press International

Analysis: JFK, Bush space plans similar

WASHINGTON, May 5 (UPI) -- A comparison of the space exploration proposals of George W. Bush and John F. Kennedy reveals surprising similarities as well as to-be-expected differences across the generations.
FRANK SIETZEN, United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Monday, April 12, the 103rd day of 2004 with 263 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

This is Tuesday, March 9, the 69th day of 2004 with 297 to follow.
By United Press International

Putin rewards Russian women

MOSCOW, March 8 (UPI) -- Russian President Vladimir Putin celebrated International Women's Day Monday by rewarding his nation's top female achievers, RTR Russia Television reported.

Flight's Centennial: Milestones of flight

WASHINGTON, Dec. 17 (UPI) -- The first powered, heavier-than-air flight by the Wright brothers, on Dec. 17, 1903, ushered in a century of aviation and space history. Here are some other historic milestones that have marked the first century of flight.
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Yuri Gagarin
Russian President Dmitry Medvedev walks past by Yuri Gagarin's statue in the town of Gagarin on July 31, 2008. The town of Gagarin is named after famed Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin who piloted the first space flight in 1961. (UPI Photo/Anatoli Zhdanov)

Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin (Russian: Ю́рий Алексе́евич Гага́рин, Russian pronunciation: ; 9 March 1934 – 27 March 1968) was a Soviet pilot and cosmonaut. He was the first human being to journey into outer space, when his Vostok spacecraft completed an orbit of the Earth on April 12, 1961.

Gagarin became an international celebrity, and was awarded many medals and honours, including Hero of the Soviet Union, the nation's highest honour. Vostok 1 marked his only spaceflight, but he served as backup crew to the Soyuz 1 mission (which ended in a fatal crash). Gagarin later became deputy training director of the Cosmonaut Training Centre outside Moscow, which was later named after him. Gagarin died in 1968 when a MiG 15 training jet he was piloting crashed.

Gagarin was born in the village of Klushino near Gzhatsk (now in Smolensk Oblast, Russia), on 9 March 1934. The adjacent town of Gzhatsk was renamed Gagarin in 1968 in his honour. His parents, Alexey Ivanovich Gagarin and Anna Timofeyevna Gagarina, worked on a collective farm. While manual labourers are described in official reports as "peasants", his mother was reportedly a voracious reader, and his father a skilled carpenter. Yuri was the third of four children, and his elder sister helped raise him while his parents worked. Like millions of people in the Soviet Union, the Gagarin family suffered during Nazi occupation in World War II. After a German officer took over their house, the family constructed a small mud hut where they spent a year and nine months until the end of the occupation. His two older siblings were deported to Nazi Germany for slave labour in 1943, and did not return until after the war. In 1946, the family moved to Gzhatsk.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Yuri Gagarin."
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