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The almanac

UPI Almanac for Saturday, March 15, 2014.
By United Press International
Israeli President Shimon Peres: Give peace a chance

Israeli President Shimon Peres: Give peace a chance

JERUSALEM, April 15 (UPI) -- Marking the 65th anniversary of Israeli independence, President Shimon Peres renewed calls for peace negotiations with Palestinians.

New Israeli government sworn in

JERUSALEM, March 18 (UPI) -- Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu's new ministers were approved by the Knesset and sworn in Monday.

UPI NewsTrack TopNews

News from United Press International, around the world around the clock ...

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Friday, March 15, 2013.
By United Press International
Notable deaths during the past year

Notable deaths during the past year

A former U.S. presidential nominee, a longtime U.S. senator, the central figure in a case that led to reform of a major police department, and a number of supporting players from the Civil Rights era and the Watergate scandal, topped the list of notable deaths in 2012.
PAT NASON, United Press International
Elections, Olympics and economic concerns top stories of 2012

Elections, Olympics and economic concerns top stories of 2012

U.S. politics, the London Olympics, economic developments in the United States and Europe and the unrest in the Arab world topped the news in 2012.
MARCELLA S. KREITER, United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Monday, Oct. 22, 2012.
By United Press International

Ex-Israeli PM Shamir, 96, dies

TEL AVIV, Israel, June 30 (UPI) -- Former Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir died Saturday at a Tel Aviv nursing home following a long illness. He was 96.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Thursday, March 15, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Saturday, Oct. 22, 2011.
By United Press International

IAI gets new chief amid privatization bid

TEL AVIV, Israel, June 28 (UPI) -- The Israeli government has appointed a new chairman of Israel Aerospace Industries, flagship of Israel's defense industry, amid growing speculation that long-running efforts to privatize state-run IAI may be accelerated.
Israel's top arms firm eyes privatization

Israel's top arms firm eyes privatization

TEL AVIV, Israel, March 7 (UPI) -- Israel Aerospace Industries, state-owned flagship of the Jewish state's vaunted high-tech defense industry, is moving toward privatization amid an emerging shake-up of the defense sector.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Oct. 22, 2008.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, June 8, 2008.
By United Press International
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Photos
Yitzhak Shamir
Moseh Arens, Israel's Ambassador to the United States from 1981, and since 1983 defense minister for Israel, replacing Ariel Sharon. In 1984 he became minister without portfolio in the national unity government. In December 1988, in the government of Yitzhak Shamir, Arens was appointed foreign minister and held that position until June 1990, when Shamir appointed him defense minister again. He held that position until 1992, when Likud lost the national elections. Arens continued to be seen as a hardliner in Israel's relations with the Arabs. This photograph dates from April 30, 1984. (UPI Photo/Files)
Wiki

Yitzhak Shamir (help·info) (Hebrew: יִצְחָק שָׁמִיר‎‎, born October 15, 1915) was the seventh Prime Minister of Israel from 1983 to 1984 and again from 1986 to 1992.

Yitzhak Shamir was born Icchak Jeziernicky in Ruzhany (Yiddish: Rozhinoy, Polish: Różana), Russian Empire (now Belarus). He studied at a Hebrew High School in Białystok, Poland. As a youth he joined Betar, the Revisionist Zionist youth movement. He studied at the law faculty of Warsaw University, but cut his studies short to immigrate to what was then the British Mandate of Palestine. In 1935, after settling in Palestine, he Hebraized his surname to Shamir. He joined the Irgun Zvai Leumi, an underground Jewish militia organization that opposed British control of Palestine. When the Irgun split in 1940, Shamir sided with the more militant faction, Lehi, headed by Avraham Stern. During War War II working with the enemy in secret contacts with German representatives at Beirut the group offered to attack the British in the Middle East in return for safe passage of the Jewish population of Europe to Palestine, and the establishment of a Jewish state.

In 1941 Shamir was imprisoned by British authorities. After Stern was killed by the British in 1942, Shamir escaped from the detention camp and became one of the three leaders of the group in 1943, reforming it as "Lehi". In October 1944 he was exiled and interned in Africa by the Mandate authorities. He made an attempt to escape from one of the camps by hiding in a water tank. He was returned, along with the other detainees, after the Israeli Declaration of Independence in 1948. Shortly after Israel was established as a Jewish state, the 1948 Arab-Israeli War broke out. Israel's provisional government initially relied on its paramilitary organizations (including Lehi) to fight off the Arabs, but soon established the Israel Defense Forces. Lehi distanced itself from government control. As one of Lehi's triumvirate, he authorized the murder of the United Nations representative in the Middle East, Count Folke Bernadotte, who was seen by Shamir and his collaborators as an anti-Zionist and "an obvious agent of the British enemy". The Israeli provisional government did very little against this crime they simply disbanded Lehi for this action.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Yitzhak Shamir."
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