Thinking about life: Chances in affairs

NEW YORK, Dec. 3 (UPI) -- Driving into Boston recently to attend a conference on "Changing and Unchanging Values in the World of the Future," I noticed a billboard advertising not the la

The Almanac

Today is Saturday, Dec. 1, the 335th day of 2001 with 30 to follow.
By United Press International

A Blast From The Past

Today is Dec. 1.
PENNY NELSON BARTHOLOMEW, United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Friday, Nov. 30, the 334th day of 2001 with 31 to follow.
By United Press International

Of Human Interest: News-lite

PENNY NELSON BARTHOLOMEW, United Press International


DENNIS DAILY, United Press International

Cathy's World: Chris Matthews

LOS ANGELES, Nov. 21 (UPI) -- CNBC star Chris Matthews dropped by Beverly Hills last week to speak to the Wednesday Morning Club, a group of Hollywood conservatives that meet every month or

A Blast From The Past

Today is Nov. 26.
PENNY NELSON BARTHOLOMEW, United Press International

Bush at war

WASHINGTON, Oct. 10 (UPI) -- Wednesday will mark a month that President George W. Bush has been at war. Thirty days ago, the twin towers of the World Trade Center were standing, the Pentago
NICHOLAS M. HORROCK, UPI Senior White House Correspondent
Page 21 of 21
Winston Churchill
NXP661824-13 FEBRUARY 1997 - MOSCOW, USSR: Statesman Averell Harriman (c) is seen in a 1942 file photo sitting between British Prime Minister Winston Churchill (l) and Soviet strongman Josef Stalin at the Kremlin. Harriman's wife Pamela Harriman who served as the US's ambassador to France was remembered today by President Clinton in a moving ceremeony in Washington, DC. UPI cs/files

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, KG, OM, CH, TD, PC, DL, FRS (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British politician and statesman known for his leadership of the United Kingdom during the Second World War (WWII). He is widely regarded as one of the great wartime leaders. He served as Prime Minister twice (1940–45 and 1951–55). A noted statesman and orator, Churchill was also an officer in the British Army, a historian, a writer, and an artist. To date, he is the only British prime minister to have received the Nobel Prize in Literature, and he was the first person created an honorary citizen of the United States.

Churchill was born into the aristocratic family of the Dukes of Marlborough. His father, Lord Randolph Churchill, was a charismatic politician who served as Chancellor of the Exchequer; his mother, Jenny Jerome, an American socialite. As a young army officer, he saw action in British India, the Sudan and the Second Boer War. He gained fame as a war correspondent and through books he wrote about his campaigns.

At the forefront of politics for fifty years, he held many political and cabinet positions. Before WWI, he served as President of the Board of Trade, Home Secretary and First Lord of the Admiralty as part of the Asquith Liberal government. During the war, he continued as First Lord of the Admiralty until the disastrous Gallipoli Campaign, which he had sponsored, caused his departure from government. He then served briefly on the Western Front, commanding the 6th Battalion of the Royal Scots Fusiliers. He returned to government as Minister of Munitions, Secretary of State for War, and Secretary of State for Air. After the War, Churchill served as Chancellor of the Exchequer in the Conservative (Baldwin) government of 1924–29, controversially returning the pound sterling in 1925 to the gold standard at its pre-War parity, a move widely seen as creating deflationary pressure on the UK economy. Also controversial were Churchill's opposition to increased home rule for India, and his resistance to the 1936 abdication of Edward VIII.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Winston Churchill."
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