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Non-oil exports grow for Iran

Non-oil exports grow for Iran

TEHRAN, Oct. 29 (UPI) --Iran earned 20 percent more from non-oil exports during the first five months of the calendar year than it did last year, customs data released Wednesday show.
Daniel J. Graeber
Australia extending contract for use of unmanned aerial vehicles

Australia extending contract for use of unmanned aerial vehicles

CANBERRA, Australia, Oct. 28 (UPI) --Australia to extend contract with Canadian company for continued use of unmanned aerial vehicles once Australian operations in Afghanistan come to an end.
Richard Tomkins
Afghanistan's Ghani in trade talks with China's Xi

Afghanistan's Ghani in trade talks with China's Xi

BEIJING, Oct. 28 (UPI) --Afghanistan's new President Ashraf Ghani was greeted warmly in Beijing Tuesday on his first official trip to China in search of stronger economic ties.
Ed Adamczyk
Taliban insurgents disguised as Afghan police kill 8, wound 10 in Kunduz

Taliban insurgents disguised as Afghan police kill 8, wound 10 in Kunduz

KABUL, Afghanistan, Oct. 27 (UPI) --The Taliban launched an attack targeting the the attorney general for Kunduz Province in northern Afghanistan on Monday.
JC Finley
NATO ends mission in Afghanistan's Helmand Province

NATO ends mission in Afghanistan's Helmand Province

KABUL, Afghanistan, Oct. 27 (UPI) --NATO concluded its combat mission in Afghanistan's Helmand Province on Sunday, transferring responsibility of two bases and an airstrip to the Afghan military.
JC Finley
UPI Almanac for Monday, Oct. 27, 2014

UPI Almanac for Monday, Oct. 27, 2014

Today is Monday, Oct. 27, the 300th day of 2014 with 65 to follow.
By United Press International
Afghan mullah sentenced to 20 years for raping girl in mosque

Afghan mullah sentenced to 20 years for raping girl in mosque

KABUL, Afghanistan, Oct. 26 (UPI) --An Afghan religious man was given 20 years in prison for raping a 10-year-old girl in his mosque.
Fred Lambert
Britain ends combat mission in Afghanistan

Britain ends combat mission in Afghanistan

HELMAND, Afghanistan, Oct. 26 (UPI) --Britain ends its 13-year combat mission in Afghanistan by handing over the Bastion-Leatherneck complex.
Danielle Haynes
Pakistan PM urges eradication of polio

Pakistan PM urges eradication of polio

ISLAMABAD, Oct. 24 (UPI) --As new cases of polio emerged in Pakistan, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif said Friday the government would battle the infectious disease.
Ed Adamczyk
Thailand orders more aircraft from Airbus Helicopters

Thailand orders more aircraft from Airbus Helicopters

MARIGNANE, France, Oct. 23 (UPI) --Airbus Helicopters reports new orders for the military of Thailand.
Richard Tomkins
U.S. Customs and Border Protection evaluating Lockheed system

U.S. Customs and Border Protection evaluating Lockheed system

WASHINGTON, Oct. 23 (UPI) --An aerostat surveillance system being used by the U.S. Army in Afghanistan is being evaluated along the U.S.-Mexico border U.S. Customs and Border Protection.
Richard Tomkins
UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Oct. 22, 2014

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Oct. 22, 2014

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Oct. 22, 2014
By United Press International
British Reaper UAVs join the fight against Islamic State

British Reaper UAVs join the fight against Islamic State

LONDON, Oct. 17 (UPI) --Britain has announced the deployment of MQ-9 remotely piloted aircraft to support Iraq's Kurdish forces in the battle against ISIS.
Richard Tomkins
Textron supplying armored combat vehicles to Bulgaria

Textron supplying armored combat vehicles to Bulgaria

WASHINGTON, Oct. 15 (UPI) --Bulgarian military receiving U.S.-made armored vehicles.
Richard Tomkins
Air Force's X-37B space plane returns after 2-year top-secret mission

Air Force's X-37B space plane returns after 2-year top-secret mission

LOMPOC, Calif., Oct. 13 (UPI) --The U.S. military's X-37B space plane is coming home after a record-breaking two-year secret mission in orbit.
Brooks Hays
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Photos
War in Afghanistan
Lance Cpl. Daniel Franke, a dog handler attached to Alpha Company, 1st Battalion, 2nd Marine Regiment, Regimental Combat Team 2, lays in the prone on an overlooking hill with his dog in Towrah Ghundey, Afghanistan on June 11, 2010. UPI/Daniel Blatter/U.S. Marines
Wiki

The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is a landlocked country in south-central Asia. It is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east, Iran in the west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the north, and China in the far northeast. In addition; India claims a border with Afghanistan at the Wakhan corridor as part of its claim on the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Kashmir currently controlled by Pakistan.

The territories now comprising Afghanistan have been an ancient focal point of the Silk Road and human migration. The land is at an important geostrategic location, connecting East, South, West and Central Asia, and has been home to various peoples through the ages. The region has been a target of various invaders since antiquity, including by Alexander the Great, the Mauryan Empire, Muslim armies, and Genghis Khan, and has served as a source from which many kingdoms, such as the Greco-Bactrians, Kushans, Samanids, Ghaznavids, Ghurids, Timurids, and many others have risen to form empires of their own.

The political history of Afghanistan begins in the 18th century with the rise of the Pashtun tribes (known as Afghans in Persian), when in 1709 the Hotaki dynasty established its rule in Kandahar and, more specifically, when Ahmad Shah Durrani created the Durrani Empire in 1747 which became the forerunner of modern Afghanistan. Its capital was shifted in 1776 from Kandahar to Kabul and most of its territories ceded to neighboring empires by 1893. In the late 19th century, Afghanistan became a buffer state in "The Great Game" between the British and Russian empires. On August 19, 1919, following the third Anglo-Afghan war, the country regained independence from the United Kingdom over its foreign affairs.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "War in Afghanistan."
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