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U.N. envoy to Syria expected to meet with Bashar al-Assad, push truce between regime and rebels

U.N. envoy to Syria expected to meet with Bashar al-Assad, push truce between regime and rebels

NEW YORK, Sept. 10 (UPI) --The United Nations' newly appointed envoy to Syria, Staffan de Mistura, arrived in Damascus Tuesday for consultations with Syrian officials.
JC Finley
Islamic State uses children as suicide bombers, says U.N.

Islamic State uses children as suicide bombers, says U.N.

NEW YORK, Sept. 9 (UPI) --The Islamic State -- also known as ISIL -- is utilizing children as soldiers and suicide bombers, a senior United Nations official said Monday.
JC Finley
Afghan presidential candidate says government formation talks 'deadlocked'

Afghan presidential candidate says government formation talks 'deadlocked'

KABUL, Afghanistan, Sept. 8 (UPI) --With the results of Afghanistan's presidential vote audit expected within days, Abdullah Abdullah said Monday government formation talks are "deadlocked."
JC Finley
Taliban split over war with Pakistan

Taliban split over war with Pakistan

PESHAWAR, Pakistan, Sept. 7 (UPI) --Following months of disagreement, several Taliban commanders have split away and formed their own group in the wake of a Pakistani Army offensive.
Fred Lambert

Plane with Americans on board forced to land in Iran

BANDAR ABBAS, Iran, Sept. 5 (UPI) --A charter aircraft carrying Western military contractors was forced to land in Iran Friday over an issue with its flight plan.
Gabrielle Levy
Britain sells surplus armored vehicles to Latvia

Britain sells surplus armored vehicles to Latvia

LONDON, Sept. 5 (UPI) --Britain's Ministry of Defense, citing its commitment to Baltic members of NATO, has sold 123 surplus armored vehicles to Latvia for $64.7 million.
Richard Tomkins
NATO leaders reaffirm commitment to Afghanistan beyond 2014

NATO leaders reaffirm commitment to Afghanistan beyond 2014

NEWPORT, Wales, Sept. 5 (UPI) --At the NATO summit in Wales on Thursday, members reaffirmed their commitment to supporting Afghanistan following completion of its combat mission.
JC Finley
Shia LaBeouf, Gary Oldman, Kate Mara to star in 'Man Down'

Shia LaBeouf, Gary Oldman, Kate Mara to star in 'Man Down'

LOS ANGELES, Sept. 4 (UPI) --Shia LaBeouf, Gary Oldman and Kate Mara have signed on to star in "Man Down," a post-apocalyptic thriller about an Afghanistan war veteran.
Annie Martin
NATO secretary general expects Wales Summit to make history

NATO secretary general expects Wales Summit to make history

CARDIFF, Wales, Sept. 3 (UPI) --NATO is preparing for the start of an intense two-day Summit in Wales that will "address current and future security challenges."
JC Finley
Islamic State allegedly beheads second American journalist

Islamic State allegedly beheads second American journalist

BEIRUT, Lebanon, Sept. 2 (UPI) --The Islamic State terrorist group has allegedly beheaded Steven Sotloff, the second journalist who appeared in the video showing the execution of James Foley.
Gabrielle Levy
Suicide attack at Afghan spy agency kills six

Suicide attack at Afghan spy agency kills six

JALALABAD, Afghanistan, Aug. 30 (UPI) --Taliban militants killed after they attacked an Afghan spy agency.
Danielle Haynes
Chinese military concludes anti-terrorism drills

Chinese military concludes anti-terrorism drills

HOHHOT , China, Aug. 29 (UPI) --Led by the Chinese military, members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization ended a series of large anti-terrorism drills involving 7,000 troops.
Ed Adamczyk
U.N. predicts Afghan presidential vote audit to take until Sept. 10

U.N. predicts Afghan presidential vote audit to take until Sept. 10

KABUL, Afghanistan, Aug. 28 (UPI) --The U.N.'s special representative to Afghanistan announced on Thursday that Afghanistan's presidential vote audit is expected to conclude on September 10.
JC Finley
U.N. recommits to Afghan vote audit despite campaign withdrawals

U.N. recommits to Afghan vote audit despite campaign withdrawals

KABUL, Afghanistan, Aug. 27 (UPI) --The U.N. said Wednesday it is committed to supervising Afghanistan's presidential vote audit despite the withdrawal of the two candidates from the process.
JC Finley
Islamic State demands $6.6M for female American humanitarian worker

Islamic State demands $6.6M for female American humanitarian worker

DAMASCUS, Syria, Aug. 26 (UPI) --Islamic State militants holding a young American aid worker captive are demanding a $6.6 million ransom and the release of Aafia Siddiqui for her return.
JC Finley
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Photos
War in Afghanistan
Lance Cpl. Daniel Franke, a dog handler attached to Alpha Company, 1st Battalion, 2nd Marine Regiment, Regimental Combat Team 2, lays in the prone on an overlooking hill with his dog in Towrah Ghundey, Afghanistan on June 11, 2010. UPI/Daniel Blatter/U.S. Marines
Wiki

The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is a landlocked country in south-central Asia. It is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east, Iran in the west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the north, and China in the far northeast. In addition; India claims a border with Afghanistan at the Wakhan corridor as part of its claim on the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Kashmir currently controlled by Pakistan.

The territories now comprising Afghanistan have been an ancient focal point of the Silk Road and human migration. The land is at an important geostrategic location, connecting East, South, West and Central Asia, and has been home to various peoples through the ages. The region has been a target of various invaders since antiquity, including by Alexander the Great, the Mauryan Empire, Muslim armies, and Genghis Khan, and has served as a source from which many kingdoms, such as the Greco-Bactrians, Kushans, Samanids, Ghaznavids, Ghurids, Timurids, and many others have risen to form empires of their own.

The political history of Afghanistan begins in the 18th century with the rise of the Pashtun tribes (known as Afghans in Persian), when in 1709 the Hotaki dynasty established its rule in Kandahar and, more specifically, when Ahmad Shah Durrani created the Durrani Empire in 1747 which became the forerunner of modern Afghanistan. Its capital was shifted in 1776 from Kandahar to Kabul and most of its territories ceded to neighboring empires by 1893. In the late 19th century, Afghanistan became a buffer state in "The Great Game" between the British and Russian empires. On August 19, 1919, following the third Anglo-Afghan war, the country regained independence from the United Kingdom over its foreign affairs.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "War in Afghanistan."
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