Nobel Prize in Chemistry
Walter Gilbert (born March 21, 1932) is an American physicist, biochemist, molecular biology pioneer, and Nobel laureate.
Gilbert was born in Boston, Massachusetts into a Jewish family and educated at the Sidwell Friends School, Harvard University and the University of Cambridge where he did his PhD thesis under another nobel laureate Abdus Salam. He later joined the faculty at Harvard. Together with Allan Maxam he developed a new DNA sequencing method. His approach to the first synthesis of insulin lost out to Genentech's approach which used genes built up from the nucleotides rather than from natural sources.