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The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, Feb. 2, 2014.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, Dec. 29, 2013.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Dec. 18, 2013.
By United Press International

Czech parliamentary election ends with no clear winner or coalition

PRAGUE, Czech Republic, Oct. 26 (UPI) -- The Social Democrats emerged from Czech elections with 20.5 percent of the vote Saturday, officials said, putting them in first place but with no clear mandate.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Saturday, Oct. 5, 2013.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Saturday, Feb. 2, 2013.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Saturday, Dec. 29, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Dec. 18, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Friday, Oct. 5, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Thursday, Feb. 2, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Thursday, Dec. 29, 2011.
By United Press International
World leaders pay respects to Havel

World leaders pay respects to Havel

PRAGUE, Czech Republic, Dec. 23 (UPI) -- World leaders gathered in Prague Friday to pay their respects for former Czech President Vaclav Havel, who led the 1989 overthrow of communism, officials said.

Former Czech president's coffin on display

PRAGUE, Czech Republic, Dec. 19 (UPI) -- The coffin of former Czech Republic President Vaclav Havel went on display Monday in St. Anna's Church in Prague.
Vaclav Havel, an appreciation

Vaclav Havel, an appreciation

PARIS, Dec. 19 (UPI) -- In a lifetime in journalism one meets many famous people and political leaders of great power and presence. But Vaclav Havel stands out as unique.
MARTIN WALKER, UPI Editor Emeritus

Former Czech president Havel dead at 75

PRAGUE, Czech Republic, Dec. 18 (UPI) -- Former Czech Republic President Vaclav Havel died in his sleep at home northeast of Prague early Sunday, his secretary said. He was 75.
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Photos
Vaclav Havel
PRA99111601 - 16 NOVEMBER 1999 - PRAGUE, THE CZECH REPUBLIC: Czech President Vaclav Havel (R) chats with former U.S. President George Bush at Prague Castle November 16, 1999. The Bushes, along with other world leaders from the late 1980s, are in Prague to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the Velvet Revolution that ended communist rule in what was then Czechoslovakia. cs/sg/Sean Gallup UPI
Wiki

Václav Havel (Czech pronunciation:   ( listen)) (born 5 October 1936 in Czechoslovakia) is a Czech playwright, essayist, dissident and politician. He was the tenth and last President of Czechoslovakia (1989–92) and the first President of the Czech Republic (1993–2003). He has written over twenty plays and numerous non-fiction works, translated internationally. He has received the US Presidential Medal of Freedom, the Philadelphia Liberty Medal, the Order of Canada, the freedom medal of the Four Freedoms Award, and the Ambassador of Conscience Award. He was also voted 4th in Prospect Magazine's 2005 global poll of the world's top 100 intellectuals. He is a founding signatory of the Prague Declaration on European Conscience and Communism.

Beginning in the 1960s, his work turned to focus on the politics of Czechoslovakia. After the Prague Spring, he became increasingly active. In 1977, his involvement with the human rights manifesto Charter 77 brought him international fame as the leader of the opposition in Czechoslovakia; it also led to his imprisonment. The 1989 "Velvet Revolution" launched Havel into the presidency. In this role he led Czechoslovakia and later the Czech Republic to multi-party democracy. His thirteen years in office saw radical change in his nation, including its split with Slovakia, which Havel opposed, its accession into NATO and start of the negotiations for membership in the European Union, which was attained in 2004.

Václav Havel was born in Prague, on October 5, 1936. He grew up in a well-known and wealthy entrepreneurial and intellectual family, which was closely linked to the cultural and political events in Czechoslovakia from the 1920s to the 1940s. His father was the owner of the suburb Barrandov which was located on the highest point of Prague. Havel's mother came from a well known family; her father was an ambassador and well-known journalist. Because of Havel's bourgeois history, the Communist regime did not allow Havel to study formally after he had completed his required schooling in 1951. In the first part of the 1950s, the young Havel entered into a four-year apprenticeship as a chemical laboratory assistant and simultaneously took evening classes; he completed his secondary education in 1954. For political reasons, he was not accepted into any post-secondary school with a humanities program; therefore, he opted to study at the Faculty of Economics of Czech Technical University in Prague but dropped out after two years. In 1964, Havel married proletarian Olga Šplíchalová, much to the displeasure of his mother.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Vaclav Havel."
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