Israel tells of kidnap plot; many arrested

JERUSALEM, Feb. 4 (UPI) -- Israel arrested 25 Palestinians in Ramallah, Qalqilya, Nablus and Hebron in the West Bank, including four Hamas legislators, a Palestinian official said.

30,000 Muslims join protest in Israel

JERUSALEM, Sept. 22 (UPI) -- About 30,000 people turned out Saturday in northern Israel for a protest against an anti-Islamic film, organizers said.
Court hears petitions against Shalit deal

Court hears petitions against Shalit deal

JERUSALEM, Oct. 17 (UPI) -- Prosecutors asked Israel's high court Monday to reject petitions against releasing some Palestinian prisoners in exchange for kidnapped soldier Gilad Shalit.

Israel cancels right-wing march

UMM AL-FAHM, Israel, Dec. 14 (UPI) -- Threats of gun violence have prompted Israeli officials to cancel a planned march of Jewish right-wingers through an ethnic Arab city, officials said.

Israelis shut down al-Aqsa offices

UMM AL-FAHM, Israel, Aug. 24 (UPI) -- Israeli police have raided and closed the Islamic Movement's al-Aqsa offices in the northern city of Umm al-Fahm, officials said.

Israeli-Arab leaders express concerns

JERUSALEM, March 15 (UPI) -- Top Israeli-Arab leaders expressed concern Saturday that Jewish politicians are ratcheting up tensions between regional Jews and Arabs.

No indictments in deadly Israeli riots

UMM AL-FAHM, Israel, Jan. 27 (UPI) -- No Israeli police officers will be indicted for their part in the deadly riots in the city of Umm al-Fahm, Attorney General Menachem Mazuz said Sunday.

Arab leader: Muslims will rule Jerusalem

UMM AL-FAHM, Israel, Sept. 16 (UPI) -- Israeli Arab Islamic leader Sheikh Raed Salah told a rally in Jerusalem the "Israeli occupation" of the city will soon vanish.

Arabs complain about home searches

JERUSALEM, Aug. 4 (UPI) -- Israeli Arabs in a district near the West Bank say their homes were searched without warrants by Israeli police looking for illegal Palestinian workers. Residents in a neighborhood of Umm al-Fahm adjacent to the West Bank fence told the Ha'aretz newspaper

Israel frees jailed Islamic leader

TEL AVIV, Israel, July 17 (UPI) -- Israeli authorities Sunday freed Arab Islamic leader Raed Salah, one day before his scheduled release after serving two-thirds of his sentence.
Umm al-Fahm
An Arab Israeli holds a stone to his nose after Israeli riot police fired tear gas during clashes in Umm al-Fahm, October 27, 2010. UPI/Debbie Hill

Umm al-Fahm (Arabic: أمّ الفحم‎, Umm al-Faḥm; Hebrew: אֻם אל-פַחְם‎) is a city in the Haifa District of Israel with a population of 43,300, nearly all of whom are Arab citizens of Israel. The city is situated on the Umm al-Fahm mountain ridge, the highest point of which is Mt. Iskander (522 meters above sea level), overlooking Wadi Ara. Umm al-Fahm is the social, cultural and economic center for residents of the Wadi Ara and Triangle regions.

According to the Muslim historian al-Maqrizi, Umm al-Fahm was established in 1265. Its name means "Mother of Charcoal" in Arabic, ) the village was surrounded by natural forests which were used to produce charcoal. Several archaeological sites around the city date to the the Iron Age, as well as Muslim, Roman and Hellenistic periods. In 1948, there were 4,500 inhabitants, mostly farmers, in the Umm al-Fahm area. After the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the Lausanne Conference of 1949 awarded the entire Little Triangle to Israel, which wanted it for security purposes. On 20 May 1949, the city's leader signed an oath of alliegiance to the State of Israel. Following its absorption into Israel, the town's population grew rapidly. By 1960, Umm al-Fahm was given local council status by the Israeli government. In 1965-1985, it was governed by elected councils. In 1985, Umm al-Fahm was given official city status.

According to CBS, in 2001 the ethnic makeup of the city was 100.0% Arab (99.7% Muslim), with no significant Jewish population.There were 18,700 males and 18,000 females (36,800 total), with 51.2% of the population aged 19 years of age or younger, 18.2% between 20 and 29, 18.9% between 30 and 44, 7.8% from 45 to 59, 1.5% from 60 to 64, and 2.4% 65 years of age or older. The population growth rate in 2001 was 3.2%.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Umm al-Fahm."
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