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The Almanac

Today is Monday, Oct. 18, the 292nd day of 2004 with 74 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Monday, Oct. 11, the 285th day of 2004 with 81 to follow.
By United Press International

Wireless World: The silence of the phones?

A series by UPI examining emerging wireless telecommunications technologies. This week: A recent national survey found nearly two-thirds of those polled felt uncomfortable hearing other people's cell phone conversations in public, and 77 percent said they
GENE J. KOPROWSKI, United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Saturday, Oct. 18, the 291st day of 2003 with 74 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Saturday, Oct. 11, the 284th day of 2003 with 81 to follow.
By United Press International

UPI's Capital Comment for March 14, 2003

WASHINGTON, March 14 (UPI) -- Capital Comment -- Daily news notes, political rumors, and important events that shape politics and public policy in Washington and the world from United Press

The Almanac

Today is Friday, Oct. 18, the 291st day of 2002 with 74 to follow.
By United Press International

A Blast from the Past

In 2001, Homeland Security Director Tom Ridge told a news conference that "thousands and thousands and thousands" of people had been tested for anthrax around the country but only a handful had tested positive for infection. FBI Director Robert Mueller m
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Friday, Oct. 11, the 284th day of 2002 with 81 to follow.
By United Press International

A Blast from the Past

It was on this date in 1868 that Thomas Alva Edison filed papers for a patent on his first invention: an electrical vote recorder to rapidly tabulate floor votes in Congress. But members of Congress decided not to buy the machine. It was Edison's first fi
By United Press International

A Blast from the Past

The weekly Blast from the Past package for Oct. 14-20.
By United Press International

A Blast from the Past

The weekly Almanac package for Oct. 7-13.
By United Press International

Sophie Tucker recalled in one-woman show

NEW YORK, Aug. 2 (UPI) -- The first sleeper of the theater season is a one-woman show, "Red Hot Mama," that recreates the bigger-than-life entertainment star Sophie Tucker whose 60-year
FREDERICK M. WINSHIP

The Almanac

Today is Thursday, Oct. 11, the 284th day of 2001 with 81 to follow.
By United Press International

A Blast From The Past

Today is Oct. 11.
PENNY NELSON BARTHOLOMEW, United Press International
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Wiki

Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931) was an American inventor, scientist, and businessman who developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and a long-lasting, practical electric light bulb. Dubbed "The Wizard of Menlo Park" (now Edison, New Jersey) by a newspaper reporter, he was one of the first inventors to apply the principles of mass production and large teamwork to the process of invention, and therefore is often credited with the creation of the first industrial research laboratory.

Edison is the third most prolific inventor in history, holding 1,093 US patents in his name, as well as many patents in the United Kingdom, France, and Germany. He is credited with numerous inventions that contributed to mass communication and, in particular, telecommunications. These included a stock ticker, a mechanical vote recorder, a battery for an electric car, electrical power, recorded music and motion pictures. His advanced work in these fields was an outgrowth of his early career as a telegraph operator. Edison originated the concept and implementation of electric-power generation and distribution to homes, businesses, and factories – a crucial development in the modern industrialized world. His first power station was on Manhattan Island, New York.

Thomas Edison was born in Milan, Ohio, and grew up in Port Huron, Michigan. He was the seventh and last child of Samuel Ogden Edison, Jr. (1804–96, born in Marshalltown, Nova Scotia, Canada) and Nancy Matthews Elliott (1810–1871). His father had to escape from Canada because he took part in the unsuccessful Mackenzie Rebellion of 1837. Edison considered himself to be of Dutch ancestry. In school, the young Edison's mind often wandered, and his teacher, the Reverend Engle, was overheard calling him "addled". This ended Edison's three months of official schooling. Edison recalled later, "My mother was the making of me. She was so true, so sure of me; and I felt I had something to live for, someone I must not disappoint." His mother homeschooled him. Much of his education came from reading R.G. Parker's School of Natural Philosophy and The Cooper Union. Edison developed hearing problems at an early age. The cause of his deafness has been attributed to a bout of scarlet fever during childhood and recurring untreated middle-ear infections. Around the middle of his career Edison attributed the hearing impairment to being struck on the ears by a train conductor when his chemical laboratory in a boxcar caught fire and he was thrown off the train in Smiths Creek, Michigan, along with his apparatus and chemicals. In his later years he modified the story to say the injury occurred when the conductor, in helping him onto a moving train, lifted him by the ears. Edison's family was forced to move to Port Huron, Michigan, when the railroad bypassed Milan in 1854, but his life there was bittersweet. He sold candy and newspapers on trains running from Port Huron to Detroit, and he sold vegetables to supplement his income. This began Edison's long streak of entrepreneurial ventures as he discovered his talents as a businessman. These talents eventually led him to found 14 companies, including General Electric, which is still in existence as one of the largest publicly traded companies in the world.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Thomas Alva Edison."
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