British group: Tamil detainees beaten, raped in Sri Lanka

British group: Tamil detainees beaten, raped in Sri Lanka

LONDON, March 21 (UPI) -- Tamils detained by Sri Lanka after the end of the long civil war were subjected to physical abuse and sexual violence, a British legal group says.

Activists demand closure of Australia's Manus center

CANBERRA, Australia, Feb. 25 (UPI) -- Activists in Australia are demanding the government closes its asylum seeker detention center in Papua New Guinea after it was revealed a former Sri Lankan military officer is in charge.

Sri Lanka's Commonwealth Summit comes under fire

COLOMBO, Sri Lanka, Nov. 13 (UPI) -- Sri Lanka's government is on the defensive ahead of the 53-nation Commonwealth Summit after a British television crew complained of police interference.

Colombo police arrest cop in contract killing inquiry

COLOMBO, Sri Lanka, June 12 (UPI) -- Police in Sri Lanka are questioning a senior police officer arrested over the alleged contract killing of a millionaire shoe businessman last month.

Sri Lanka rejects commonwealth criticism

COLOMBO, Sri Lanka, April 30 (UPI) -- Sri Lanka's external affair minister hit back at stiff criticism over the country being chosen to host the Commonwealth Heads of Government meeting in November.

Thugs target Sri Lankan newspaper office

COLOMBO, Sri Lanka, April 5 (UPI) -- Masked men in northern Sri Lanka trashed the office of an opposition Tamil newspaper and beat up staff in the latest attack on journalists.

Report details torture in Sri Lanka

LONDON, Feb. 26 (UPI) -- Sri Lankan security forces use sexual violence to torture suspected members or supporters of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, a report indicates.

Sri Lanka denies killing militant's son

LONDON, Feb. 19 (UPI) -- The Sri Lankan army dismissed as a lie a documentary that reportedly shows the killing of the 12-year-old son of the leader of the separatist Tamil Tigers.

Tamil protesters target British Parliament

LONDON, April 7 (UPI) -- Hundreds of protesters decrying the Sri Lankan military campaign against Tamil rebels shouted slogans at the British Parliament Tuesday, observers said.

Tamil Tiger leader believed in Sri Lanka

COLOMBO, Sri Lanka, March 16 (UPI) -- The head of the rebel Tamil Tigers remains in Sri Lanka and is leading attacks from his hideout, the country's army officials say.

Sri Lanka says 32 Tamil rebels slain

COLOMBO, Sri Lanka, March 7 (UPI) -- At least 32 Tamil rebels have been killed in heavy fighting in northeastern Sri Lanka, military officials said Saturday.

Tamil organization placed on terror list

TORONTO, June 16 (UPI) -- Officials announced Monday that the World Tamil Movement, based in Toronto, has been placed on Canada's list of organizations linked to terrorism.

Rebels, Sri Lankin soldiers die in clashes

COLOMBO, Sri Lanka, Feb. 25 (UPI) -- Skirmishes between Sri Lankan solders and Tamil Tigers in the Mannar and Vavuniya districts killed 26 rebels and five soldiers, military officials said Monday.

Military reports more Tamil Tigers killed

COLOMBO, Sri Lanka, Dec. 16 (UPI) -- Violence persisted Saturday in northern Sri Lanka, with the army reporting that soldiers had killed at least 28 Tamil Tiger militant fighters.

More clashes with Tigers in Sri Lanka

COLOMBO, Sri Lanka, Dec. 12 (UPI) -- Violence between the Tamil Tigers and Sri Lankan soldiers took the lives of 49 members of the separatist group Wednesday, the government said.
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Tamil Eelam

Tamil Eelam (Tamil: தமிழீழம், tamiḻ īḻam, generally rendered outside Tamil-speaking areas as தமிழ் ஈழம்,Sinhala: දෙමල ඊලාම්, demaḻa īḻaam, as referred to in the south)is the name given by certain Tamil groups in Sri Lanka and the Sri Lankan Tamil diaspora to the state which they aspire to create in the north and east of Sri Lanka. Tamil Eelam has no official status or recognition by any other state or authority. The name is derived from the ancient Tamil name for Sri Lanka, Eelam.

The United Kingdom gained control of the small island of Sri Lanka, in 1815 and administratively unified the island with a legislative council in 1833 with three Europeans and one each for Sinhalese, Sri Lankan Tamils and Burghers. British Governor William Manning, who arrived in Ceylon in 1919, created a reformed legislative council in 1921 and actively encouraged communal thinking in the legislative council. As a result, the Tamils started to develop communal consciousness and began to think of themselves as needing to be represented by Tamil leadership. It was this development that made way for the development of the Tamil political organization called the All Ceylon Tamil Congress headed by G. G. Ponnambalam.

Sri Lanka achieved independence from the British in 1948 and in the same year the government of Sri Lanka, with the acceptance vote from G.G. Ponnambalam, passed a new act called the Ceylon Citizenship Act which disenfranchised the Indian Tamil plantation workers Though Ponnambalam did not vote for all the bills pertaining to the Ceylon citizenship act (including the offending bill), his silence in parliament made the Tamil public believe that he was not interested in Indian Tamil rights. In 1949 a new Tamil political party, named the Federal Party, was formed and was led by S. J. V. Chelvanayakam who earlier broke away from All Ceylon Tamil Congress because of the latter's decision to tie up with the UNP.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Tamil Eelam."
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