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India Daily Life
India's Taj Mahal mausoleum is seen at sunset in the northern Indian city of Agra, 121 Miles (195Km) from New Delhi, on March 10, 2009. The Taj Mahal or The Taj was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. (UPI Photo/Mohammad Kheirkhah)
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The Taj Mahal ( /ˈtɑːdʒ/ or /ˈtɑːʒ məˈhɑːl/; Hindi: ताज महल, from Persian/Urdu: تاج محل "crown of buildings", pronounced ; also "the Taj") is a mausoleum located in Agra, India. It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is widely recognized as "the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage."

Taj Mahal is the finest example of Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements from Persian, Turkish and Indian architectural styles.

In 1983, the Taj Mahal became a UNESCO World Heritage Site. While the white domed marble mausoleum is the most familiar component of the Taj Mahal, it is actually an integrated complex of structures. The construction began around 1632 and was completed around 1653, employing thousands of artisans and craftsmen. The construction of the Taj Mahal was entrusted to a board of architects under imperial supervision, including Abd ul-Karim Ma'mur Khan, Makramat Khan, and Ustad Ahmad Lahauri. Lahauri is generally considered to be the principal designer.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Taj Mahal."
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