Sergei Viktorovich Fedorov (Russian: Сергей Викторович Фёдоров; born December 13, 1969) is a Russian professional ice hockey forward and occasional defenseman currently playing for Metallurg Magnitogorsk of the Kontinental Hockey League (KHL). He gained fame playing for the Detroit Red Wings before tenures with the Mighty Ducks of Anaheim, Columbus Blue Jackets, and lastly the Washington Capitals. On October 25, 2008, Fedorov passed Alexander Mogilny to set a record for most goals by a Russian-born NHL player, scoring his 475th goal.
Fedorov was drafted by the Detroit Red Wings in the 1989 NHL Entry Draft, fourth round, 74th overall. When he was young, he had to make a choice between his two favourite sports: tennis and hockey. He was equally skilled in both, but ended up going into hockey. In his pre-NHL days, he played for CSKA Moscow on a line with future NHL superstars Pavel Bure and Alexander Mogilny and was drafted in the same year as Bure and a year after Mogilny. In 1990, while CSKA Moscow was in Seattle for the Goodwill Games, Fedorov quietly slipped out of his hotel room and onto an airplane bound for Detroit. Thus, he became one of many NHL stars to have defected from the Soviet Union to play in the NHL. Fedorov was described as "three great players in one". During the 1993–94 NHL season, Fedorov won that year's Hart Memorial Trophy (being the first European-trained player to do so), the Frank J. Selke Trophy, and the Lester B. Pearson Award. He finished second in scoring behind Los Angeles' Wayne Gretzky with 56 goals and 120 points. In the lockout-shortened 1994-95 NHL season, Fedorov finished second on the team in points with 50 (20 goals, 30 assists). That season, in a game against the Los Angeles Kings on Sunday, February 12, Fedorov scored all 4 of Detroit's goals in a 4-4 tie. Although the Red Wings lost the Stanley Cup Finals that year to the New Jersey Devils, Fedorov led all scorers in playoff points with 24 (7 goals, 17 assists). Fedorov won another Frank J. Selke Trophy in 1996, after compiling another 100-point season with 39 goals and 107 points. One year later, he was a member of the Red Wings' first Stanley Cup championship team since 1955, contributing 20 points in 20 playoff games for Detroit. During the regular season, he had achieved the rare feat of scoring 5 goals in a single game, as he got all of Detroit's goals in a 5-4 overtime win against the Washington Capitals on December 26, 1996.
After a lengthy holdout to start the 1997–98 season, Fedorov, a restricted free agent, signed an offer sheet with the Carolina Hurricanes worth up to $38 million (with bonuses). The Red Wings matched the offer on February 26, 1998, ending Fedorov's holdout. The offer broke down as: $14 million for signing, $2 million for 21 regular season games, and $12 million for the team reaching conference finals. $28 million for 43 total games in 1997–98 is the largest single season amount paid to an NHL athlete. Fedorov helped the Red Wings win their second consecutive Stanley Cup that season.