São Paulo (Portuguese pronunciation: ( listen) "St. Paul"; English: /ˌsaʊ ˈpaʊloʊ/, /ˌsæn ˈpaʊloʊ/, or commonly /ˌsaʊ ˈpɑːloʊ/) is the largest city in Brazil, the largest and richest city in the southern hemisphere and Latin America, the world's 7th largest metropolitan area, and the most populous city proper in the Western World. The city is the capital of the state of São Paulo, the most populous Brazilian state. The name of the city honors Saint Paul. São Paulo exerts strong regional influence in commerce and finance as well as arts and entertainment. São Paulo is considered an Alpha World City.
The city has many renowned landmarks, such as the Museu Paulista do Ipiranga, the gothic Metropolitan Sé Cathedral, the São Paulo Museum of Art (MASP), the Monumento à Bandeira Portuguese to Monument to the flag and Niemeyer's Ibirapuera complex Bienal, planetarium, and museums; and more recently the Estaiada bridge in the South Side. Paulista Avenue, in Midtown is the most important financial center in the country and South America.
The city is home to the São Paulo Stock Exchange, or BOVESPA, the Future Markets, and the Cereal Market Stock Exchanges. São Paulo has been home to several of the tallest buildings in Brazil, including the Mirante do Vale Building and Itália Building.