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CHILE MARKS 30 YEARS SINCE ALLENDE
SCP2003091101 - SANTIAGO, Chile, Sept. 11 (UPI) -- General Augusto Pinochet, aged 85, is greeted by followers at his residence at La Dehesa, in Santiago, Chile, on Sept. 11, 2003. Pinochet and his collaborators celebrated today the 30th anniversary of the military coup that overthrew the "Unidad Popular" regime headed by socialist Salvador Allende on September 11, 1973. rlw/ROBERT REVECO UPI.
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Salvador A. Gossens (Spanish pronunciation: ; 26 July 1908 – 11 September 1973) was a Chilean physician and politician who is generally considered the first democratically elected Marxist to become president of a country in Latin America.

Allende's involvement in Chilean political life spanned a period of nearly forty years. As a member of the Socialist Party, he was a senator, deputy and cabinet minister. He unsuccessfully ran for the presidency in the 1952, 1958, and 1964 elections. In 1970, he won the presidency in a close three-way race.

Allende adopted the policy of nationalization of industries and collectivization. Amidst strikes by the far-right Patria y Libertad and CIA opposition under the Nixon administration, demonstrations were held both for and against Allende's presidency. On 11 September 1973 the military staged a coup against Allende. As the armed forces surrounded La Moneda Palace, Allende gave his last speech vowing not to resign,. He subsequently committed suicide. After Allende's ouster Chile was led by a military junta, and then as a dictatorship by General Augusto Pinochet.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Salvador Allende."
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