Gulf Arabs pursue united military command again, allies skeptical

ABU DHABI, United Arab Emirates, Jan. 24 (UPI) -- Saudi Arabia and its five partners in the Gulf Cooperation Council say they're establishing a joint military command to coordinate their defenses, but it remains to be seen whether this will produce the coordinated military procurement that their American protectors are pushing for.

Iraq: Maliki threatens Kurds if they export oil to Turkey

BAGHDAD, Jan. 15 (UPI) -- As if Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki didn't have enough problems battling city-grabbing al-Qaida insurgents in western Iraq, his simmering faceoff with independence-minded Kurds in the north over their drive to export oil to neighboring Turkey looks like it's about to boil over as well.
Commentary: Talibanized Pakistan?

Commentary: Talibanized Pakistan?

WASHINGTON, Jan. 15 (UPI) -- Pakistan to transfer nuclear weapons to Saudi Arabia for cash and cheap oil while the army edges to center stage to head off the Talibanization of its political life.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Jan. 14, 2014.
By United Press International

Iraq: Army's Fallujah push risks inflaming Sunni uprising

BAGHDAD, Jan. 9 (UPI) -- Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki is poised to unleash his army in a major offensive to recapture the western city of Fallujah seized by al-Qaida forces Dec. 30 in what's widely seen as the greatest challenge to his increasingly autocratic Shiite regime.

Jihadists seize Iraqi towns in drive for new Islamic caliphate

BAGHDAD, Jan. 6 (UPI) -- The seizure of the key western towns of Fallujah and Ramadi by jihadists of al Qaida's Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Dec. 30 in a campaign against the Shiite-dominated government underlines the Sunni group's growing strength and its drive to re-establish an Islamic caliphate centered on Baghdad that will extend into war-torn Syria.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Monday, Dec. 30, 2013.
By United Press International

Iraqi security hiked as millions mark Arbaeen pilgrimage

BAGHDAD, Dec. 23 (UPI) -- Iraqi officials say they have increased security in southern parts of the country as millions of Shiite Muslims began a pilgrimage to the holy city of Karbala.

North Korea's 'Whack-a-Mole' leadership

HERNDON, Va., Dec. 17 (UPI) -- What happens when a "kid" inherits a country?
JAMES ZUMWALT, UPI Outside View Commentator
Commentary: Middle East: Bloody quicksands

Commentary: Middle East: Bloody quicksands

WASHINGTON, Dec. 13 (UPI) -- Syrian President Bashar Assad moves from arch-villain to a new status: The lesser of two evils as thousands of young Islamists flood the country,

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Friday, Dec. 13, 2013.
By United Press International

Showdown on Iraqi Kurds' oil, gas is looming

ERBIL, Iraq, Dec. 11 (UPI) -- The thorny dispute over Iraqi Kurdistan's oil riches is likely to heat up in the weeks ahead, aggravating tensions in a flashpoint region at a time when al-Qaida bombers are wreaking havoc across the country spurred by the civil war raging in next-door Syria.
Rep. Steve Stockman to challenge John Cornyn in GOP Senate primary

Rep. Steve Stockman to challenge John Cornyn in GOP Senate primary

WASHINGTON, Dec. 11 (UPI) -- John Cornyn of Texas has become the eighth sitting Republican U.S. senator to face a potentially serious primary challenge.

Al-Qaida stakes out 'jihadist emirate' in Iraq, Syria

BAGHDAD, Dec. 10 (UPI) -- As al-Qaida in Iraq and Syria gain in strength and firepower, they're shifting from hit-and-run tactics to seizing and holding adjoining territory in western Iraq and northeastern Syria that analysts believe could be proclaimed a jihadist emirate, establishing an al-Qaida state in the heart of the Arab world.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Nov. 27, 2013.
By United Press International
Page 3 of 25
Saddam Hussein
Saddam Hussein was convicted of crimes against humanity in the 1982 killings of 148 people, and sentenced to death by an Iraqi High Tribunal on November 5, 2006. He is shown during a briefing at the Iraqi Forum in Baghdad, December 14, 2003. (UPI Photo/Files)

Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (Arabic: صدام حسين عبد المجيد التكريتي Ṣaddām Ḥusayn ʿAbd al-Maǧīd al-Tikrītī; 28 April 1937 – 30 December 2006) was the fifth President of Iraq, serving in this capacity from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003. A leading member of the revolutionary Ba'ath Party, which espoused a mix of Arab nationalism and Arab socialism, Saddam played a key role in the 1968 coup that brought the party to long-term power.

As vice president under the ailing General Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr, and at a time when many groups were considered capable of overthrowing the government, Saddam created security forces through which he tightly controlled conflict between the government and the armed forces. In the early 1970s, Saddam nationalized oil and other industries. The state-owned banks were put under his control, leaving the system eventually insolvent. Through the 1970s, Saddam cemented his authority over the apparatuses of government as oil money helped Iraq's economy to grow at a rapid pace. Positions of power in the country were filled with Sunnis, a minority that made up only a fifth of the population.

Saddam suppressed several movements, particularly Shi'a and Kurdish movements seeking to overthrow the government or gain independence, respectively. Saddam maintained power during the Iran–Iraq War of 1980 through 1988. In 1990 he invaded and looted Kuwait. An international coalition came to free Kuwait in the Gulf War of 1991, but did not end Saddam's rule. Whereas some venerated him for his aggressive stance against Israel, including firing missiles at Israeli targets, he was widely condemned for the brutality of his dictatorship.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Saddam Hussein."
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