Iraqi spokesman: No estimate in Iraqi dead

WASHINGTON, April 13 (UPI) -- An Iraqi government spokesman Friday admitted in Washington his government has no firm handle on how many of his countrymen have been killed in the war.

Iraqi prime minister to visit Iran Monday

BAGHDAD, Sept. 10 (UPI) -- Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri Kamal al-Maliki Sunday prepared for an Iranian trip designed to enhance relationships between the neighbors.

11 suspected of oil-for-food kickbacks

PARIS, July 14 (UPI) -- Eleven French citizens are suspected of profiting from oil-for-food kickbacks in Iraq during Saddam Hussein's presidency, Le Figaro newspaper reported.

Zarqawi suspected in Iraq prison attack

BAGHDAD, April 5 (UPI) -- Uneasy U.S. officials fear Iraqi guerilla leader Abu Musab Zarqawi was behind the well-orchestrated weekend attack on Baghdad's Abu Ghraib prison.

Mass Iraqi grave yields infants, unborn

HATRA, Iraq, Oct. 13 (UPI) -- Investigators have unearthed a mass grave in northern Iraq containing hundreds of bodies of women and children believed killed in the 1980s.

Iraqi survivors describe mass graves

WASHINGTON, July 20 (UPI) -- Survivors of mass killings and torture of Saddam Hussein's regime began a USAID-sponsored tour of the United States to relate their experiences.

Iran draws list of charges against Saddam

TEHRAN, July 4 (UPI) -- Iran said Sunday it has drawn its own list of charges against Saddam Hussein for crimes relating to the Iran-Iraq war, the BBC reported.

U.S. forces releadse 335 Iraqi prisoners

BAGHDAD, June 6 (UPI) -- U.S. military officials in Iraq Sunday released 335 Iraqi prisoners from the notorious Abu Ghraib prison and other facilities.

Forensics team to exhume Iraqi mass graves

WASHINGTON, Jan. 2 (UPI) -- An international team of forensics experts will travel to Iraq in February to begin collecting evidence of crimes against humanity, U.S. authorities said.

Iraqis working with U.S. now targets

RAMADI, Iraq, July 6 (UPI) -- The deaths of seven Iraqi police recruits are the latest sign that Iraq's opposition terrorists are now targeting their fellow citizens.

Another mass grave found in Iraq

BAGHDAD, June 7 (UPI) --
Page 26 of 26
Saddam Hussein
Saddam Hussein was convicted of crimes against humanity in the 1982 killings of 148 people, and sentenced to death by an Iraqi High Tribunal on November 5, 2006. He is shown during a briefing at the Iraqi Forum in Baghdad, December 14, 2003. (UPI Photo/Files)

Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (Arabic: صدام حسين عبد المجيد التكريتي Ṣaddām Ḥusayn ʿAbd al-Maǧīd al-Tikrītī; 28 April 1937 – 30 December 2006) was the fifth President of Iraq, serving in this capacity from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003. A leading member of the revolutionary Ba'ath Party, which espoused a mix of Arab nationalism and Arab socialism, Saddam played a key role in the 1968 coup that brought the party to long-term power.

As vice president under the ailing General Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr, and at a time when many groups were considered capable of overthrowing the government, Saddam created security forces through which he tightly controlled conflict between the government and the armed forces. In the early 1970s, Saddam nationalized oil and other industries. The state-owned banks were put under his control, leaving the system eventually insolvent. Through the 1970s, Saddam cemented his authority over the apparatuses of government as oil money helped Iraq's economy to grow at a rapid pace. Positions of power in the country were filled with Sunnis, a minority that made up only a fifth of the population.

Saddam suppressed several movements, particularly Shi'a and Kurdish movements seeking to overthrow the government or gain independence, respectively. Saddam maintained power during the Iran–Iraq War of 1980 through 1988. In 1990 he invaded and looted Kuwait. An international coalition came to free Kuwait in the Gulf War of 1991, but did not end Saddam's rule. Whereas some venerated him for his aggressive stance against Israel, including firing missiles at Israeli targets, he was widely condemned for the brutality of his dictatorship.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Saddam Hussein."
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