U.S. wants safe resettlement from Ashraf

WASHINGTON, Dec. 27 (UPI) -- The resettlement of Iranian refugees at Iraq's Camp Ashraf must have the support of camp residents and their supporters, the U.S. secretary of state said.
Al-Qaida claims recent Iraq violence

Al-Qaida claims recent Iraq violence

BAGHDAD, Dec. 27 (UPI) -- Al-Qaida in Iraq claimed responsibility Tuesday for a series of attacks last week that killed nearly 70 people and wounded more than 200, officials said.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Monday, Dec. 26, 2011.
By United Press International
Obama on Syria

Obama on Syria

HERNDON, Va., Dec. 22 (UPI) -- Assad the father’s Hama massacre, described as one of “the single deadliest acts by any Arab government against its own people in the modern Middle East,” may pale in comparison to what Assad the son has in mind.
JAMES G. ZUMWALT, UPI Outside View Commentator

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday Dec. 20, 2011.
By United Press International

Political chaos hits Baghdad

BAGHDAD, Dec. 19 (UPI) -- The Iraqi government violated the principles of the state constitution when it barred the vice president from leaving the country, a political party claimed.

Iraq, buying American, gets nod for F-16s

BAGHDAD, Dec. 16 (UPI) -- The U.S. military may be pulling out of Iraq but Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki is investing in weaponry that will maintain links with the United States for years to come.
FBI considered sting against Gingrich

FBI considered sting against Gingrich

WASHINGTON, Dec. 16 (UPI) -- The FBI considered, then abandoned, a sting against Republican presidential hopeful Newt Gingrich when he was U.S. House speaker, The Washington Post reported.

Iraq has unfinished business from 1990 war

NEW YORK, Dec. 16 (UPI) -- There's been no substantial effort made to determine the fate of Kuwaiti national archives lost during the 1990 invasion by Iraq, the Security Council was told.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Thursday, Dec. 15, 2011.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Dec. 14, 2011.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Dec. 13, 2011.
By United Press International
Obama, Maliki promise strong relations

Obama, Maliki promise strong relations

WASHINGTON, Dec. 12 (UPI) -- U.S. President Barack Obama and Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki pledged Monday the two countries' will have a strong relationship going forward.
Baghdad frets over rash of autonomy moves

Baghdad frets over rash of autonomy moves

BAGHDAD, Dec. 12 (UPI) -- Amid growing security fears as U.S. forces near completion of their withdrawal from Iraq, the shaky coalition government in Baghdad is grappling with another problem: growing demands for autonomy by oil-rich regions.

Will U.S. enable Iranian Holocaust?

HERNDON, Va., Dec. 9 (UPI) -- The United States needs to take steps to stop a feared massacre of an Iranian dissident group at Camp Ashraf in Iraq.
JAMES. G. ZUMWALT, UPI Outside View Commentator
Page 22 of 26
Saddam Hussein
Saddam Hussein was convicted of crimes against humanity in the 1982 killings of 148 people, and sentenced to death by an Iraqi High Tribunal on November 5, 2006. He is shown during a briefing at the Iraqi Forum in Baghdad, December 14, 2003. (UPI Photo/Files)

Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (Arabic: صدام حسين عبد المجيد التكريتي Ṣaddām Ḥusayn ʿAbd al-Maǧīd al-Tikrītī; 28 April 1937 – 30 December 2006) was the fifth President of Iraq, serving in this capacity from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003. A leading member of the revolutionary Ba'ath Party, which espoused a mix of Arab nationalism and Arab socialism, Saddam played a key role in the 1968 coup that brought the party to long-term power.

As vice president under the ailing General Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr, and at a time when many groups were considered capable of overthrowing the government, Saddam created security forces through which he tightly controlled conflict between the government and the armed forces. In the early 1970s, Saddam nationalized oil and other industries. The state-owned banks were put under his control, leaving the system eventually insolvent. Through the 1970s, Saddam cemented his authority over the apparatuses of government as oil money helped Iraq's economy to grow at a rapid pace. Positions of power in the country were filled with Sunnis, a minority that made up only a fifth of the population.

Saddam suppressed several movements, particularly Shi'a and Kurdish movements seeking to overthrow the government or gain independence, respectively. Saddam maintained power during the Iran–Iraq War of 1980 through 1988. In 1990 he invaded and looted Kuwait. An international coalition came to free Kuwait in the Gulf War of 1991, but did not end Saddam's rule. Whereas some venerated him for his aggressive stance against Israel, including firing missiles at Israeli targets, he was widely condemned for the brutality of his dictatorship.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Saddam Hussein."
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