Saadoun al-Dulaimi (Arabic: سعدون الدليمي Saʿadūn ad-Dulaimī) was the Iraqi Minister for Defence in the Iraqi Transitional Government. A former Lieutenant Colonel in the Iraqi military and head of the Iraq Center for Research and Strategic Studies, a private polling firm that he established himself, he fled to Saudi Arabia in 1986. Al-Dulami lived there in exile until the invasion of Iraq in 2003. Though Dulaimi supported the dismantlement of the Ba'ath Party's dominant position, he himself was once a Ba'athi.
Al-Dulaimi has since shown a tendency to advocate violent means to quell unrest. On the last day of Ramadan in 2005, he threatened to attack Sunni residential areas and demolish the homes of individuals suspected of anti-Coalition/anti-government guerilla membership while their women, children and other relatives were still inside them. After the bombing of the Al Askari Mosque in Samarra, he announced that "we are ready to fill the streets with armoured vehicles" if the protest and riots continued.