The Roswell Park Cancer Institute (RPCI) is a comprehensive cancer research and treatment center located in Buffalo, New York. Founded in 1898 by Dr. Roswell Park, it was the first dedicated medical facility for cancer treatment and research in the United States. The facility is involved in drug development and conducts clinical research for cancer treatment. Roswell Park Cancer Institute is the only upstate New York facility to hold the National Cancer Institute designation of "comprehensive cancer center" and to serve as a member of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network.
The campus spans 27 acres (110,000 m2) in downtown Buffalo and includes 1,500,000 square feet (139,000 m2) of space equally distributed between clinical programs and research/education functions. A hospital building, completed in 1998, houses a comprehensive diagnostic and treatment center. The campus includes a medical research complex and renovated existing education and research space.