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The Almanac

Today is Tuesday, Dec. 23, the 357th day of 2003 with eight to follow.
By United Press International

Egypt asks for return of its artworks

CAIRO, Aug. 2 (UPI) -- Egypt is set to mark the 100th birthday of its Cairo museum but not before getting some antiquities it says were stolen from the country.

The Almanac

Today is Saturday, July 19, the 200th day of 2003 with 165 to follow.
By United Press International

A Blast from the Past

In 2002, John Walker Lindh, a 20-year-old American seized with the Taliban in Afghanistan, was charged on this date with conspiring to kill U.S. citizens and abetting terrorist groups. He was returned to the United States for trial on Jan. 23 and indicted
By United Press International

A Blast from the Past

The weekly UPI Blast from the Past package for Jan. 13-19.
By United Press International

Feature: Landing on a comet

From the jungles of Kourou, French Guiana, to the surface of a comet -- that is the journey laid out for a robot probe called Rosetta, which scientists hope will be a key to decoding the early solar system.
IRENE BROWN, UPI Science News

The Almanac

Today is Monday, Dec. 23, the 357th day of 2002 with eight to follow.
By United Press International

Blue Planet: Words that last forever

Words can burn themselves into the memory with such tenacity they cannot be removed. Images likewise carry the ability to attach themselves to our consciousness. Yet neither can provide a reliable warning to future generations about nuclear waste.
DAN WHIPPLE, UPI Science News

The Almanac

Today is Friday, July 19, the 200th day of 2002 with 165 to follow.
By United Press International

Astronomers find baby planet system

WASHINGTON, June 19 (UPI) -- A small disk of rocky material discovered circling a very young star in the galactic neighborhood may offer an unprecedented opportunity to study the evolution of a solar system similar to our own, astronomers announced Wednesday.
PHIL BERARDELLI, UPI Deputy Science and Technology Editor

Britain's Egyptian treasures visit America

NEW YORK, Jan. 28 (UPI) -- Americans no longer have to leave the United States to see some of the great art collections of the world, such as the British Museum's holdings of Egyptian ant
FREDERICK M. WINSHIP

A Blast From The Past

Today is Jan. 15.
PENNY NELSON BARTHOLOMEW, United Press International

A Blast From The Past

Today is Jan. 14.
PENNY NELSON BARTHOLOMEW, United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Sunday, Dec. 23, the 357th day of 2001 with eight to follow.
By United Press International
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Wiki

The Rosetta Stone is an Ancient Egyptian artifact which was instrumental in advancing modern understanding of hieroglyphic writing. The stone is a Ptolemaic era stele with carved text made up of three translations of a single passage: two in Egyptian language scripts (hieroglyphic and Demotic) and one in classical Greek. It was created in 196 BC, discovered by the French in 1799 at Rosetta and contributed greatly to the deciphering of the principles of hieroglyph writing in 1822 by the British scientist Thomas Young and the French scholar Jean-François Champollion. Comparative translation of the stone assisted in understanding many previously undecipherable examples of hieroglyphic writing. The text on the stone is a decree from Ptolemy V, describing the repealing of various taxes and instructions to erect statues in temples.

The stone is 114.4 centimetres (45.0 in) high at its highest point, 72.3 centimetres (28.5 in) wide, and 27.9 centimetres (11.0 in) thick. It is unfinished on its sides and reverse. Weighing approximately 760 kilograms (1,700 lb), it was originally thought to be granite or basalt but is currently described as granodiorite of a dark pinkish-gray color. The stone has been on public display at The British Museum since 1802.

In preparation for Napoleon's 1798 campaign in Egypt, the French founded the Institut de l'Égypte in Cairo which brought 167 scientists and archaeologists to the region. French Army engineer Captain Pierre-François Bouchard discovered the stone sometime – the sources are not specific – in mid-July 1799, while guiding construction work at Fort Julien near the Egyptian port city of Rashid (Rosetta). The Napoleonic army was so awestruck by this unheralded spectacle that, according to a witness, "It halted of itself and, by one spontaneous impulse, grounded its arms." (As quoted by Robert Claiborne, The Birth of Writing , p. 24.) After Napoleon returned in 1799, 167 scholars remained behind with French troops which held off British and Ottoman attacks. In March 1801, the British landed on Aboukir Bay and scholars carried the Stone from Cairo to Alexandria alongside the troops of Jacques-Francois Menou. French troops in Cairo capitulated on June 22, and in Alexandria on August 30.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Rosetta Stone."
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