The almanac

UPI Almanac for Monday, Dec. 23, 2013.
By United Press International

Google launches Helpouts, live chats with experts with various skills

MOUNTAIN VIEW, Calif., Nov. 5 (UPI) -- U.S. tech giant Google has unveiled Helpouts, offering live video chats with experts on anything from cooking to computing to home repair or yoga.

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UPI Almanac for Monday, July 15, 2013.
By United Press International

UPI NewsTrack Science and Technology News

Einstein's theory at work in star pair ... Tablet sales gain, PC sales sinking ... Ice cores preserve 1,800 years of climate ... Chemistry of Jupiter moon could aid life ... Science and Technology news from UPI.
Ice cores preserve 1,800 years of climate

Ice cores preserve 1,800 years of climate

COLUMBUS, Ohio, April 5 (UPI) -- Two ice cores from the tropical Peruvian Andes reveal Earth's detailed tropical climate history year by year for nearly 1,800 years, researchers say.

Online sellers tailor prices to geography

NEW YORK, Dec. 25 (UPI) -- U.S. online retailers use their computing power to tailor prices to where their customers are located, The Wall Street Journal reported.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, Dec. 23, 2012.
By United Press International
World checklist of bees is compiled

World checklist of bees is compiled

WASHINGTON, June 23 (UPI) -- A U.S.-led international team of scientists says it's identified nearly 19,500 bee species worldwide, which is about 2,000 more than previously estimated.

Commentary: Wilderness of mirrors

WASHINGTON, April 30 (UPI) -- "Every lie contains a truth and every truth contains a lie" is a safe rule of thumb when Shakespeare's powers of observation are applied to the Middle East. With each shake of the kaleidoscope, the configuration of the key players becomes a wilderness of mirrors.

Study maps gut microflora

LONDON, Feb. 6 (UPI) -- A British-Chinese study has mapped the bacteria living in seven members of a Chinese family to determine the role of gut microbes in bodily processes.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, Dec. 23, 2007.
By United Press International

Physicists slow, stop atom movements

AUSTIN, Texas, Oct. 4 (UPI) -- A team of U.S. physicists has discovered a way of slowing or stopping the movement of atoms, allowing a much wider exploration of molecules.

Study may lead to more potent antibiotics

CHAMPAIGN, Ill., Sept. 20 (UPI) -- U.S. chemists have discovered an antimicrobial process that could eventually eliminate the problem of bacterial resistance.

The Almanac

UPI almanac for Thursday, July 19, 2007.

New mammalian species discovered

WASHINGTON, March 15 (UPI) -- A team of U.S. and Chinese paleontologists has discovered a new species of mammal that lived 125 million years ago in China.
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The Rosetta Stone is an Ancient Egyptian artifact which was instrumental in advancing modern understanding of hieroglyphic writing. The stone is a Ptolemaic era stele with carved text made up of three translations of a single passage: two in Egyptian language scripts (hieroglyphic and Demotic) and one in classical Greek. It was created in 196 BC, discovered by the French in 1799 at Rosetta and contributed greatly to the deciphering of the principles of hieroglyph writing in 1822 by the British scientist Thomas Young and the French scholar Jean-François Champollion. Comparative translation of the stone assisted in understanding many previously undecipherable examples of hieroglyphic writing. The text on the stone is a decree from Ptolemy V, describing the repealing of various taxes and instructions to erect statues in temples.

The stone is 114.4 centimetres (45.0 in) high at its highest point, 72.3 centimetres (28.5 in) wide, and 27.9 centimetres (11.0 in) thick. It is unfinished on its sides and reverse. Weighing approximately 760 kilograms (1,700 lb), it was originally thought to be granite or basalt but is currently described as granodiorite of a dark pinkish-gray color. The stone has been on public display at The British Museum since 1802.

In preparation for Napoleon's 1798 campaign in Egypt, the French founded the Institut de l'Égypte in Cairo which brought 167 scientists and archaeologists to the region. French Army engineer Captain Pierre-François Bouchard discovered the stone sometime – the sources are not specific – in mid-July 1799, while guiding construction work at Fort Julien near the Egyptian port city of Rashid (Rosetta). The Napoleonic army was so awestruck by this unheralded spectacle that, according to a witness, "It halted of itself and, by one spontaneous impulse, grounded its arms." (As quoted by Robert Claiborne, The Birth of Writing , p. 24.) After Napoleon returned in 1799, 167 scholars remained behind with French troops which held off British and Ottoman attacks. In March 1801, the British landed on Aboukir Bay and scholars carried the Stone from Cairo to Alexandria alongside the troops of Jacques-Francois Menou. French troops in Cairo capitulated on June 22, and in Alexandria on August 30.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Rosetta Stone."
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