French Open draw is announced

PARIS, May 24 (UPI) -- Andre Agassi, seeking his eighth Grand Slam title and second at Roland Garros, begins the French with a qualifier before battling through a draw that includes a

Britain's Rusedski withdraws from French

PARIS, May 22 (UPI) -- Greg Rusedski of Britain Wednesday withdrew from the upcoming French Open because of a neck injury.

In Sports from United Press International

Montreal, St. Louis win in NLH playoffs

In Sports from United Press International

Triple Crown legend Seattle Slew dies

Sampras ousted in Rome opener

ROME, May 7 (UPI) -- Pete Sampras' struggles on clay continues.

Kuerten breezes to Mallorca win

PALMA DE MALLORCA, Spain, April 30 (UPI) -- Playing his first singles match in more than three months, top seed Gustavo Kuerten dispatched Russian Nikolay Davydenko, 6-2, 6-3, Tuesday at the $400,000 Mall

U.S.-France Davis Cup duel set for clay

WHITE PLAINS, N.Y., April 12 (UPI) -- The United States will go from grass to clay in the Davis Cup semifinals.

Safina in stunning WTA tour debut

ESTORIL, Portugal, April 8 (UPI) -- Russian teenager Dinara Safina made a stunning WTA Tour debut Monday, eliminating third seed Martina Sucha of Slovakia, 6-3, 3-6, 6-1, in the first round of the

Sports Update

In Sports from United Press International

2001 in Review -- Tennis

The 2001 tennis season was one that started in sunshine and ended in the shadows.
By United Press International
Page 17 of 17
Roland Garros
Fans move between courts at the French Open at Roland Garros in Paris on May 29, 2007. (UPI Photo/ David Silpa)

Roland Garros (6 October 1888 – 5 October 1918) was an early French aviator and a fighter pilot during World War I.

Garros was born in Saint-Denis, Réunion, and studied at HEC Paris. He started his aviation career in 1909 flying Alberto Santos-Dumont's Demoiselle monoplane, an aircraft that only flew well with a small lightweight pilot. In 1911 Garros graduated to flying Bleriot monoplanes and entered a number of European air races with this type of machine. He was already a noted aviator before World War I having visited the U.S. and South America; by 1913 he had switched to flying Morane-Saulnier monoplanes, a vast improvement over the Blériot, and gained fame for making the first non-stop flight across the Mediterranean Sea from Fréjus in south of France to Bizerte in Tunisia. The following year, Garros joined the French army at the outbreak of the conflict.

In the early stages of the air war in World War I the problem of achieving a practicable platform for a forward-firing machine gun on combat aircraft was considered by a number of individuals. The so-called interrupter gear did not come into use until Anthony Fokker developed a synchronization device which made a large impact on air combat, however Garros also had a significant role in the process of achieving this goal.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Roland Garros."
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