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The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, Oct. 6, 2013.
By United Press International
Serena Williams builds huge lead at No. 1 in world rankings

Serena Williams builds huge lead at No. 1 in world rankings

DAYTONA BEACH, Fla., June 10 (UPI) -- World No. 1 Serena Williams has put greater distance between herself and other competitors in the women's tennis rankings.
Historic eighth French Open title for Rafael Nadal

Historic eighth French Open title for Rafael Nadal

PARIS, June 9 (UPI) -- Rafael Nadal topped fellow Spaniard David Ferrer in straight sets Sunday to win the French Open men's singles championship for the eighth time.
Serena Williams wins French Open title

Serena Williams wins French Open title

PARIS, June 8 (UPI) -- Serena Williams defeated defending champion Maria Sharapova 6-4, 6-4 Saturday, beating Sharapova for a 13th straight time to win her second French Open title.
Ferrer has huge challenge in Nadal at French Open final

Ferrer has huge challenge in Nadal at French Open final

PARIS, June 8 (UPI) -- David Ferrer faces a daunting challenge Sunday as he heads into his first Grand Slam final against Rafael Nadal for the French Open men's singles championship.
Nadal, Ferrer gain French Open final spots

Nadal, Ferrer gain French Open final spots

PARIS, June 7 (UPI) -- Seven-time champion Rafael Nadal will go against fellow Spaniard David Ferrer, a first-time majors finalist, in the championship match of the French Open.
Djokovic-Nadal rematch highlights French Open semifinals

Djokovic-Nadal rematch highlights French Open semifinals

PARIS, June 6 (UPI) -- The marquee matchup of the men's French Open draw comes in the semifinals when No. 1-ranked Novak Djokovic goes against seven-time champion Rafael Nadal.
Roger Federer rallies for win, David Ferrer advances at French Open

Roger Federer rallies for win, David Ferrer advances at French Open

PARIS, June 2 (UPI) -- Second-seeded Roger Federer needed five sets to gain the quarterfinals and No. 4 David Ferrer also advanced Sunday at the French Open.

Novak Djokovic, Rafael Nadal advance to fourth round at French Open

PARIS, June 1 (UPI) -- Seven-time champion Rafael Nadal and world No. 1 Novak Djokovic advanced to the fourth round of the French Open Saturday with three-set wins.

Sharapova, Li Na, A. Radwanska win at French Open

PARIS, May 27 (UPI) -- Defending champion Maria Sharapova advanced with a first-round victory at the French Open Monday, joining China's Li Na and Agnieszka Radwanska of Poland.

Nadal needs four sets to win his first-round French Open match

PARIS, May 27 (UPI) -- Returning champion Rafael Nadal of Spain needed four sets to win his first-round match Monday at the French Open.

Serena Williams advances, Venus Williams falls at French Open

PARIS, May 26 (UPI) -- Top-seeded Serena Williams reeled off a 25th straight win but sister Venus Williams fell in first-round matches Sunday to kick off the French Open.
Makarova beats Azarenka at Madrid Open

Makarova beats Azarenka at Madrid Open

MADRID, May 8 (UPI) -- Ekaterina Makarova stunned world No. 3 Victoria Azarenka in three sets Wednesday in a second-round match at the Mutua Madrid Open.
Novak Djokovic, Serena Williams finish strong, top 2012 tennis

Novak Djokovic, Serena Williams finish strong, top 2012 tennis

Novak Djokovic and Victoria Azarenka capped years in which each won six tournaments, including a Grand Slam event, with world No. 1 tennis rankings.
JOHN HENDEL, United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Saturday, Oct. 6, 2012.
By United Press International
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Photos
Roland Garros
Fans move between courts at the French Open at Roland Garros in Paris on May 29, 2007. (UPI Photo/ David Silpa)
Wiki

Roland Garros (6 October 1888 – 5 October 1918) was an early French aviator and a fighter pilot during World War I.

Garros was born in Saint-Denis, Réunion, and studied at HEC Paris. He started his aviation career in 1909 flying Alberto Santos-Dumont's Demoiselle monoplane, an aircraft that only flew well with a small lightweight pilot. In 1911 Garros graduated to flying Bleriot monoplanes and entered a number of European air races with this type of machine. He was already a noted aviator before World War I having visited the U.S. and South America; by 1913 he had switched to flying Morane-Saulnier monoplanes, a vast improvement over the Blériot, and gained fame for making the first non-stop flight across the Mediterranean Sea from Fréjus in south of France to Bizerte in Tunisia. The following year, Garros joined the French army at the outbreak of the conflict.

In the early stages of the air war in World War I the problem of achieving a practicable platform for a forward-firing machine gun on combat aircraft was considered by a number of individuals. The so-called interrupter gear did not come into use until Anthony Fokker developed a synchronization device which made a large impact on air combat, however Garros also had a significant role in the process of achieving this goal.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Roland Garros."
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