The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Dec. 11, 2013.
By United Press International

List of Nobel Prize in Medicine winners

STOCKHOLM, Sweden, Oct. 7 (UPI) -- List of Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine winners:

U.S. wine sales hit record in 2012

SAN FRANCISCO, April 9 (UPI) -- U.S. wine sales reached a record $34.6 billion in 2012 with California vintners accounting for 58 percent of the total, the Wine Institute said.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Dec. 11, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, Dec. 11, 2011.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Thursday, Dec. 11, 2008.
By United Press International

Web site helps calculate calcium intake

COLOGNE, Germany, Sept. 16 (UPI) -- German researchers have developed a calculator that can help people estimate if they are getting enough calcium to prevent osteoporosis.

Smoking linked to chronic back pain

BERLIN, July 4 (UPI) -- Smokers suffer more chronic back pain than non-smokers, researchers at the Robert Koch Institute in Berlin said.

Twenty percent of German teens smoke

BERLIN, April 24 (UPI) -- As many as 20 percent of Germans ages 11 to 17 smoke, researchers say.

Human viruses put great apes at risk

BERLIN, Jan. 25 (UPI) -- German researchers said they've found direct evidence of virus transmission from humans to wild apes.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Dec. 11, 2007.
By United Press International

The Almanac

UPI almanac for Monday, Dec. 11, 2006.
By United Press International

Worldwide plan fights pediatric diarrhea

LEICESTER, England, Sept. 13 (UPI) -- British scientists are leading an international research project that might modernize diagnosis and treatment of pediatric diarrhea in developing nations.

The Almanac

Today is Sunday, Dec. 11, the 345th day of 2005 with 20 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Saturday, Dec. 11, the 346th day of 2004 with 20 to follow.
By United Press International
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Robert Koch
President George W. Bush, Laura Bush, former First Lady Barbara Bush, and former President George H.W. Bush sit surrounded by family in the Red Room, Thursday, Jan. 6, 2005. Friends and family joined former President Bush and Mrs. Bush in celebrating their 60th wedding anniversary during a dinner held at the White House. Also pictured are, from left, Georgia Grace Koch, Margaret Bush, Walker Bush, Marvin Bush, Jenna Bush, Doro Koch, Barbara Bush, Robert P. Koch, Pierce M. Bush, Maria Bush, Neil Bush, Ashley Bush, Sam LeBlond, Robert Koch, Nancy Ellis LeBlond, John Ellis Bush, Jr., Florida Gov. John Ellis "Jeb" Bush, Mandi Bush, George P. Bush, and Columba Bush. (UPI Photo/Eric Draper/White House)

Heinrich Hermann Robert Koch (11 December 1843 – 27 May 1910) was a German physician. He became famous for isolating Bacillus anthracis (1877), the Tuberculosis bacillus (1882) and the Vibrio cholera (1883) and for his development of Koch's postulates. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his tuberculosis findings in 1905. He is considered one of the founders of microbiology—he inspired such major figures as Paul Ehrlich and Gerhard Domagk.

Heinrich Hermann Robert Koch was born in Clausthal, Germany as the son of a mining official. He studied medicine under Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle at the University of Göttingen and graduated in 1866. He then served in the Franco-Prussian War and later became district medical officer in Wollstein (Wolsztyn), Prussian Poland. Working with very limited resources, he became one of the founders of bacteriology, the other major figure being Louis Pasteur.

After Casimir Davaine showed the direct transmission of the anthrax bacillus between cows, Koch studied anthrax more closely. He invented methods to purify the bacillus from blood samples and grow pure cultures. He found that, while it could not survive outside a host for long, anthrax built persisting endospores that could last a long time.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Robert Koch."
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