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President Obama Inaugural Balls in Washington
U.S. President Barack Obama (R) thanks (L-R) Sergeant Major of the Army Raymond Chandler, Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps Micheal Barrett, Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy Michael Stevens, Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force James Roy and Master Chief Petty Officer of the Coast Guard Michael Leavitt during the Commander-In-Chief Ball at the Walter Washington Convention Center January 21, 2013 in Washington, DC. President Obama was sworn-in for a second term as the 44th President of the United States. UPI/Chip Somodevilla/pool
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Raymond Thornton Chandler (July 23, 1888 – March 26, 1959) was an American novelist and screenwriter.

In 1932 after losing his job as an oil company executive, Chandler at age forty-five and during the Depression decided to become a writer. In 1933 his first story was published in a pulp magazine called Black Mask. His first novel, The Big Sleep was published in 1939. In addition to his short stories, Chandler published only seven novels during his life. In the year before he died, he was elected president of the Mystery Writers of America. He died on March 26, 1959 in La Jolla California.

Chandler had an immense stylistic influence upon the modern private detective story, especially in the style of the writing and the attitudes now characteristic of the genre. His protagonist, Philip Marlowe, along with Dashiell Hammett's Sam Spade, is considered synonymous with "private detective", both being played on screen by Humphrey Bogart.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Raymond Chandler."