Indonesia president Yudhoyono inaugurated

JAKARTA, Oct. 20 (UPI) -- Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono was sworn in Tuesday for a second five-year term as president of Indonesia, officials said.
Yudhoyono regrets Timor-Leste violence

Yudhoyono regrets Timor-Leste violence

JAKARTA, July 15 (UPI) -- Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono expressed sympathy Tuesday over human rights violations during Timor-Leste's independence referendum.

U.N. hails surrender of Timorese attackers

DILI, Timor-Leste, April 29 (UPI) -- U.N. officials in Timor-Leste Tuesday welcomed the surrender of 12 rebels wanted in an assassination attempt on the nation's president and prime minister.

Timor-Leste rebel leader surrenders

GLENO, Timor-Leste, April 26 (UPI) -- The army in Timor-Leste says it has taken a leading rebel commander into custody following negotiations mediated by a Catholic priest.

Ramos-Horta returns after attempt on life

DILI, Timor-Leste, April 17 (UPI) -- Timor-Leste President Jose Ramos-Horta returned safely to the capital of Dili after requiring two months of recovery because of an assassination attempt.

Timor-Leste president back home

DILI, Timor-Leste, April 17 (UPI) -- Timor-Leste President Jose Ramos-Horta is back home Thursday, having returned from Australia where he was treated for serious gunshot wounds.

Report warns of threat to stability

BRUSSELS, April 1 (UPI) -- Stability in Timor-Leste could be threatened if a solution isn't found for the country's displaced people, according to a new International Crisis group report.

Timor president knew rebel who shot him

DILI, Timor-Leste, March 12 (UPI) -- The president of Timore-Leste says he once helped the rebel who shot him in an assassination attempt that left him hospitalized in Australia.

Timor-Leste leader emerges from coma

DARWIN, Australia, Feb. 21 (UPI) -- Timor-Leste President Jose Ramos-Horta is conscious after emerging from an induced coma following an assassination attempt, the country's prime minister said.

Australia adds support in Timor-Leste

DILI, Timor-Leste, Feb. 15 (UPI) -- Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd pledged support for Timor-Leste in the wake of rebel attacks on the southeast Asian country's president and prime minister.

Emergency declared in East Timor

DILI, Timor-Leste, Feb. 12 (UPI) -- The Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste was under a state of emergency Tuesday following the apparent coup attempt that left President Jose Ramos-Horta wounded.

Wounded Timor president flown to Australia

CANBERRA, Australia, Feb. 11 (UPI) -- Timor-Leste President Jose Ramos Horta arrived in Australia for treatment for gunshot wounds after surviving an assassination attempt.

East Timor president wounded

DILI, Timor-Leste, Feb. 10 (UPI) -- Jose Ramos-Horta, the Nobel Prize-winning leader of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, reportedly was shot in the stomach in an attack at his house Monday.

Gen. Keating, Timor-Leste officials meet

DILI, Timor-Leste, Sept. 19 (UPI) -- The commander of U.S. Pacific Command met with the Timorese government and military leaders Wednesday in a show of support for Timor-Leste's democratic efforts.

Timor-Leste votes new Parliament

DILI, Timor-Leste, June 30 (UPI) -- Timor-Leste voters went to the polls Saturday to elect new parliament amid hopes a change in government would bring stability, it was reported.
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Ramos Horta
Jose Ramos-Horta, President of Timor-Leste addresses 63rd session of the General Assembly at the UN on September 25, 2008 in New York City. (UPI Photo/Monika Graff)

(José Manuel Ramos-Horta (Portuguese pronunciation: ), GCL (born 26 December 1949) is the second President of East Timor since independence from Indonesia, taking office on 20 May 2007. He is a co-recipient of the 1996 Nobel Peace Prize and a former Prime Minister, having served from 2006 until his inauguration as President after winning the 2007 East Timorese presidential election. As a founder and former member of the Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor (FRETILIN), Ramos-Horta served as the exiled spokesman for the East Timorese resistance during the years of the Indonesian occupation of East Timor (1975 to 1999). While he has continued to work with FRETILIN, Ramos-Horta resigned from the party in 1988, and has since remained an independent politician.

After East Timor achieved independence in 2002, Ramos-Horta was appointed as the country's first Foreign Minister. He served in this position until his resignation on 25 June 2006, amidst political turmoil. On 26 June, following the resignation of Prime Minister Mari Alkatiri, Ramos-Horta was appointed acting Prime Minister by the President, Xanana Gusmão. Two weeks later, on 10 July 2006, he was officially sworn in as the second Prime Minister of East Timor. On 11 February 2008, Ramos-Horta was injured when he was shot during an assassination attempt.

Of mestiço ethnicity, Ramos-Horta was born in Dili, capital of East Timor, to a Timorese mother and a Portuguese father who had been exiled to what was then Portuguese Timor by the Salazar dictatorship. He was educated in a Catholic mission in the small village of Soibada, later chosen by FRETILIN as headquarters after the Indonesian invasion. Of his eleven brothers and sisters, four were killed by the Indonesian military.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Ramos Horta."
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