The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, March 2, 2014.
By United Press International

Jewish praise pope for opening archives to investigate Pius during war

VATICAN CITY, Jan. 19 (UPI) -- Jewish groups said Sunday that they are thankful Pope Francis will open the Vatican archives and investigate the actions of Pius XII during the Holocaust.

Man arrested for allegedly torturing, killing, dismembering soccer ref

PIUS XII, Brazil, July 7 (UPI) -- Police in Brazil said Sunday they arrested a man accused of torturing, killing and dismembering a soccer referee, who had earlier stabbed a player to death.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Saturday, March 2, 2013.
By United Press International
Chinese bishop breaks with official church

Chinese bishop breaks with official church

SHANGHAI, July 10 (UPI) -- A Catholic priest in China announced immediately after his elevation to auxiliary bishop that he will no longer work with the government-backed church.

Minn. college's play called anti-Catholic

DULUTH, Minn., April 10 (UPI) -- University of Minnesota Duluth officials say a campus production of the play "The Deputy" will go on despite complaints from Catholics who call it hate speech.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Friday, March 2, 2012.
By United Press International
Vatican to exhibit Secret Archives

Vatican to exhibit Secret Archives

VATICAN CITY, July 5 (UPI) -- The Vatican plans to put items from its Secret Archives on public display next year to observe the 400th anniversary of the trove of documents.
Vatican plans to restore photo archive

Vatican plans to restore photo archive

VATICAN CITY, Dec. 9 (UPI) -- The Vatican has announced plans to restore 7 million papal photographs in the archives of its newspaper and put them into digital format.

Pope speaks at Holocaust observance

VATICAN CITY, Jan. 27 (UPI) -- Pope Benedict XVI, at a Holocaust memorial in Vatican City, prayed Wednesday "that such tragedies can never happen again."
Pope seeks better relations with Jews

Pope seeks better relations with Jews

ROME, Jan. 18 (UPI) -- In a visit to Rome's main synagogue Sunday, Pope Benedict XVI sought to improve relations between Catholics and Jews.

Vatican defends move to sainthood for pope

VATICAN CITY, Dec. 23 (UPI) -- The Vatican denies moving Pope Pius XII toward sainthood is an act of hostility against those who say the wartime pope did not do enough to stop the Holocaust.

Vatican: U.S., Britain knew of Holocaust

VATICAN CITY, Aug. 17 (UPI) -- The Vatican's newspaper says the United States and Britain knew about Adolf Hitler's plans to exterminate the Jews, but did nothing to stop him.

Jesuits to open archive on Pius XII

VATICAN CITY, April 23 (UPI) -- The Jesuit order has decided to release documents assembled by the Rev. Robert Graham, a historian and expert on the Vatican during World War II, officials say.

Pope to stay away from Holocaust Museum

VATICAN CITY, March 7 (UPI) -- Pope Benedict XVI intends to visit the Holocaust Memorial at Yad Vashem during his trip to Israel but not the museum there, officials say.
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Pius XII
Vatican Ambassador to Israel, Monsignor Antonio Franco sits at the opening ceremony of the Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes Remembrance Day at Yad Vashem, in Jerusalem, Israel on April 15, 2007. Initially the Vatican was not going to attend in protest of a caption at Yad Vashem that condemns the Pope Pius XII for refusing to help Jews during the Holocaust. (UPI Photo/David Blumenfeld/Pool).

The Venerable Pope Pius XII (Latin: Pius PP. XII; Italian: Pio XII), born Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli (2 March 1876 – 9 October 1958), reigned as Pope, head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of Vatican City State, from 2 March 1939 until his death in 1958.

Before election to the papacy, Pacelli served as secretary of the Department of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs, papal nuncio and Cardinal Secretary of State, in which capacity he worked to conclude treaties with European and Latin American nations, most notably the Reichskonkordat with Nazi Germany. His leadership of the Catholic Church during World War II remains the subject of continued historical controversy.

After the war, Pius XII contributed to the rebuilding of Europe, and advocated peace and reconciliation, including lenient policies toward vanquished nations and the unification of Europe. The Church, flourishing in the West, experienced severe persecution and mass deportations of Catholic clergy in the East. In light of his protests, and his involvement in the Italian elections of 1948, he became known as a staunch opponent of communism.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Pius XII."
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