Analysis: Bill clears sky for space rides

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla., March 12 (UPI) -- Last week, the U.S. government took a crucial step in clearing a path for commercial rocket rides as well. The legislation defines, for the first time, a suborbital launch vehicle -- a craft that requires thrust as opposed to lift during powered phases o
IRENE MONA KLOTZ, United Press International

Wright Flyer replica fails to take off

KITTY HAWK, N.C., Dec. 17 (UPI) -- A replica of the Wright brothers' aircraft failed Wednesday to duplicate the first powered flight made 100 years ago at Kitty Hawk, N.C.

Dayton ballet takes Wright Brothers flight

NEW YORK, Dec. 17 (UPI) -- The Dayton Contemporary Dance Company is presenting a five-performance series celebrating the 100th anniversary of flight.

Bush praises Wright brothers

WASHINGTON, Dec. 17 (UPI) -- U.S. President George W. Bush Wednesday praised the Wright brothers and their historic flight 100 years ago, saying they symbolized the American spirit.

Flight's Centennial: Milestones of flight

WASHINGTON, Dec. 17 (UPI) -- The first powered, heavier-than-air flight by the Wright brothers, on Dec. 17, 1903, ushered in a century of aviation and space history. Here are some other historic milestones that have marked the first century of flight.

The Almanac

Today is Wednesday, Dec. 17, the 351st day of 2003 with 14 to follow.
By United Press International

Flight's 2nd Century: The Wright legacy

A series of UPI articles examining the second century of human flight. This week: Though they are best known for their aircraft, the deeper Wright brothers legacy lies firmly on the ground.
IRENE MONA KLOTZ, United Press International

Airport to be named for Bob Hope

BURBANK, Calif., Dec. 11 (UPI) -- Next Wednesday's centennial of the Wright Brothers' first flight will include the renaming of California's Burbank Airport for legendary entertainer Bob Hope.

Watercooler Stories

While Orville Wright was in the first successful flight, he also was involved in the first aviation fatality.
ALEX CUKAN, United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Tuesday, Aug. 19, the 231st day of 2003 with 134 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Sunday, July 27, the 208th day of 2003 with 157 to follow.
By United Press International

Astronauts honor Wilbur and Orville Wright

DAYTON, Ohio, July 20 (UPI) -- The first man on the moon Sunday paid homage to the brothers who made his historic walk possible.

Canadians win U.S. book award

WASHINGTON, July 6 (UPI) -- Two Canadians have won a U.S. prize for the best children's book celebrating U.S history.

Flight Century: The brothers from Dayton

One hundred years ago, human transportation changed forever, the change borne on wings crafted by two brothers from Dayton, Ohio.

2002 Yearend: Toward a century of flight

Nearly a century ago, two brothers took turns piloting their propeller-driven Wright Flyer into the air down a windswept North Carolina hill, achieving what researchers have concluded was the first controlled flight of a powered aircraft in human history.
Page 3 of 4
Orville Wright
Orville Wright pilots the first flight as brother Wilbur runs alongside at 10:35 a.m. on December 17, 1903 at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. The plane had just left the track at left for a flight that lasted 12 seconds and went about 120 feet. The classic image of 100 years ago was shot by John Daniels after receiving a quick photography lesson from Orville. This was the only picture ever taken by Daniels, a member of the nearby Kill Devil Hills lifesaving station. (UPI Photo/John Daniels)

The Wright brothers, Orville (August 19, 1871 – January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867 – May 30, 1912), were two Americans credited with inventing and building the world's first successful airplane and making the first controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air human flight, on December 17, 1903. In the two years afterward, the brothers developed their flying machine into the first practical fixed-wing aircraft. Although not the first to build and fly experimental aircraft, the Wright brothers were the first to invent aircraft controls that made fixed-wing powered flight possible.

The brothers' fundamental breakthrough was their invention of three-axis control, which enabled the pilot to steer the aircraft effectively and to maintain its equilibrium. This method became standard and remains standard on fixed-wing aircraft of all kinds. From the beginning of their aeronautical work, the Wright brothers focused on developing a reliable method of pilot control as the key to solving "the flying problem". This approach differed significantly from other experimenters of the time who put more emphasis on developing powerful engines. Using a small homebuilt wind tunnel, the Wrights also collected more accurate data than any before, enabling them to design and build wings and propellers that were more efficient than any before. Their first U.S. patent, 821,393, did not claim invention of a flying machine, but rather, the invention of a system of aerodynamic control that manipulated a flying machine's surfaces.

They gained the mechanical skills essential for their success by working for years in their shop with printing presses, bicycles, motors, and other machinery. Their work with bicycles in particular influenced their belief that an unstable vehicle like a flying machine could be controlled and balanced with practice. From 1900 until their first powered flights in late 1903, they conducted extensive glider tests that also developed their skills as pilots. Their bicycle shop employee Charlie Taylor became an important part of the team, building their first aircraft engine in close collaboration with the brothers.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Orville Wright."
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