Sudanese president in South Sudan to urge peace

JUBA, South Sudan, Jan. 6 (UPI) -- The president of Sudan flew to South Sudan Monday to meet with President Salva Kiir to discuss failed peace negotiations between the South and rebel fighters.

Sudanese officials say no arms sold to Syrian opposition

DAMASCUS, Syria, Aug. 13 (UPI) -- Sudanese officials denied allegations by Western officials and Syrian rebels that Sudan sold weapons to the opposition to President Bashar Assad.
Sudanese opposition leader suggests Bashir will seek new term

Sudanese opposition leader suggests Bashir will seek new term

KHARTOUM, Sudan, April 16 (UPI) -- A Sudanese opposition leader, Hassan Abdullah al-Turabi, said that Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir will run in the next election.

Sudan, S. Sudan pulling troops from border

KHARTOUM, Sudan, Jan. 6 (UPI) -- Sudan and South Sudan have agreed to set up a demilitarized zone along the two countries' disputed border, an African Union mediator said.
Experts: Arab Spring not likely for Sudan

Experts: Arab Spring not likely for Sudan

KHARTOUM, Sudan, July 6 (UPI) -- Protesting against an autocratic Sudanese government may not be a sign the Arab Spring movement is sweeping the North African country, experts said.

Sudan seeks Arab League support

KHARTOUM, Sudan, May 23 (UPI) -- The Sudanese government hopes to rally support of the Arab League on sovereignty issues with South Sudan at a ministerial meeting next month, officials said.

South Sudan accuses Sudan of stealing oil

JUBA, South Sudan, Jan. 11 (UPI) -- South Sudan's oil minister charged north Sudan was stealing its country's crude oil and threatened to sue any country or company that bought the oil.

Sudan's Bashir won't attend summit

TRIPOLI, Libya, Nov. 29 (UPI) -- Sudan is boycotting the African-European summit in Libya to protest European Union pressure on President Omar Hassan al-Bashir not to attend, diplomats said.

Envoy: Sudan needs U.S. help

KHARTOUM, Sudan, April 28 (UPI) -- Despite a flawed election, the United States needs to prepare southern Sudan for its likely future as an independent state, the U.S. special envoy says.

Parties boycott Sudan elections

KHARTOUM, Sudan, April 2 (UPI) -- Several leading opposition parties in Sudan say they have decided to boycott this month's presidential, parliamentary and municipal elections.

Sudan's Bashir overshadows Arab summit

DOHA, Qatar, March 30 (UPI) -- The presence of Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir overshadowed talks on the Palestinian issue Monday at the 21st Arab Summit in Qatar.
Bashir defiant about war crimes warrant

Bashir defiant about war crimes warrant

THE HAGUE, Netherlands, March 5 (UPI) -- Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir was defiant after a tribunal ordered his arrest for war crimes, telling a rally he wouldn't bow to outside pressure.
Tribunal OKs warrant for Bashir's arrest

Tribunal OKs warrant for Bashir's arrest

THE HAGUE, Netherlands, March 4 (UPI) -- An international tribunal Wednesday issued an arrest warrant for Sudanese President Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir on crimes against humanity and war crimes.
Court seeks new info on Bashir arrest call

Court seeks new info on Bashir arrest call

THE HAGUE, Netherlands, Oct. 17 (UPI) -- Prosecutors must supply new facts on an arrest-warrant application for Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir, charged in the Darfur genocide, a court said.

Sudan arrests militant genocide mastermind

KHARTOUM, Sudan, Oct. 14 (UPI) -- Sudanese officials said they arrested the man charged by an international court with coordinating mass murders in Darfur.
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Omar Hassan al-Bashir

Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir (born 1 January 1944) is the current President of Sudan and the head of the National Congress Party. He came to power in 1989 when he, as a brigadier in the Sudanese army, led a group of officers in a bloodless military coup that ousted the government of Prime Minister Sadiq al-Mahdi.

In October 2004, al-Bashir's government negotiated an end to the Second Sudanese Civil War, one of the longest-running and deadliest wars of the 20th century, by granting limited autonomy to Southern Sudan dominated by the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA). Since then, however, there has been a violent conflict in Darfur that has resulted in death tolls between 200,000 and 400,000. During his presidency, there have been several violent struggles between the Janjaweed militia and rebel groups such the Sudanese Liberation Army (SLA) and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) in the form of guerrilla warfare in the Darfur region. The civil war has resulted in over 2.5 million people being displaced, and the diplomatic relations between Sudan and Chad being at a crisis level.

Al-Bashir is a controversial figure both in Sudan and worldwide. In July 2008, the prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), Luis Moreno Ocampo, accused al-Bashir of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes in Darfur. The court issued an arrest warrant for al-Bashir on 4 March 2009 on counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity, but ruled that there was insufficient evidence to prosecute him for genocide. However on 12 July 2010, after a lengthy appeal by the prosecution, the Court held that there was indeed sufficient evidence for charges of genocide to be brought and issued a second warrant containing three separate counts. The new warrant, as with the first, will be delivered to the Sudanese government, which is unlikely to execute it. Al-Bashir is the first sitting head of state ever indicted by the ICC as well as the first to be charged with genocide. The court's decision is opposed by the African Union, League of Arab States, Non-Aligned Movement, and the governments of Russia and the People's Republic of China. The latest leak from WikiLeaks allegedly reveals that the Sudanese president had embezzled state funds amounting to U.S. $ 9 billion. This is justified by the international Criminal Court prosecutor who said it has evidence of corruption.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Omar Hassan al-Bashir."
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