China intervenes with Sudan

BEIJING, Jan. 13 (UPI) -- The U.S. special envoy to Sudan says China has stepped up its efforts to end the crisis in Darfur and help the millions of victims there.

Sudan agrees to 6-day Darfur cease-fire

KHARTOUM, Sudan, Jan. 11 (UPI) -- The president of Sudan has agreed to a 60-day cease-fire in the country's war-torn Darfur region but continues to oppose a U.N. presence in the African country.

Bashir says no to China on U.N. force

KHARTOUM, Sudan, Nov. 3 (UPI) -- Sudan's President Omar Hassan al-Bashir said in China Friday that his government will not allow a U.N. peacekeeping force in the Darfur region.

Sudan may change mind on peacekeepers

UNITED NATIONS, Sept. 19 (UPI) -- Sudan is under pressure to allow African Union peacekeepers to remain in Darfur after the force's current mandate expires Sept. 30.

AU troops withdrawal raise concerns

KHARTOUM, Sudan, Sept. 18 (UPI) -- Sudan's Darfur region is prepared for renewed violence despite a peace accord as the date for the withdrawal of African Union troops draws nears.

Darfur rebels demand strong U.N. force

KHARTOUM, Sudan, Sept. 14 (UPI) -- The only rebel group in the Sudan Darfur peace agreement has threatened to resume fighting if there is no strong U.N. force to enforce the accord.

U.N. force will go to Sudan, U.S. predicts

WASHINGTON, Aug. 26 (UPI) -- A senior U.S. diplomat said Sudan is committing genocide in Darfur and called for an expanded United Nations peacekeeping force to halt the atrocities.

New VP enters evolving Sudan government

KHARTOUM, Sudan, Aug. 14 (UPI) -- The newly sworn in first vice president of Sudan faces a difficult task of uniting his party and working with historical enemies in the new government.

Sudanese leader pessimistic

KHARTOUM, Sudan, July 12 (UPI) -- A former ally of the president of Sudan tells the BBC he has no great hopes for the country's new constitution and government.

Sudan parliament OKs peace constitution

KHARTOUM, Sudan, July 6 (UPI) -- Sudan's Parliament ratified a constitution that will govern the country for six years in line with a peace agreement between the government and rebels.

Sudan opposition accused of conspiracy

KHARTOUM, Sudan, Sept. 8 (UPI) -- Sudanese authorities said Wednesday they had rounded up opposition Congress Party members led by Hassan al-Turabi on charges of conspiring against the regime.

Sudan asks for Ghadafi help in Darfur

TRIPOLI, Libya, Aug. 17 (UPI) -- Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir has asked his Libyan counterpart to help resolve the crisis in Darfur, it was reported Tuesday.

Egypt considering Darfur observers

CAIRO, July 15 (UPI) -- Egypt expressed interest Thursday in helping the African Union settle the crisis in Darfur in western Sudan, official reports said.

U.N. mission heads for W. Sudan

UNITED NATIONS, April 28 (UPI) -- A high-level U.N. mission headed to western Sudan Wednesday where about 1 million people have been displaced and more than 100,000 fled to neighboring Chad.

Sudan official says peace imminent

RIYADH, Saudi Arabia, Dec. 11 (UPI) -- Sudan's foreign minister Mustafa Ismail said a peaceful settlement for Sudan's protracted civil war has become imminent.
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Omar Hassan
PHI2001081707 - 17 AUGUST 2001 - PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA, USA: Omar Hassan practices for the men's vertical skateboard competition at the First Union Center on August 17, 2001. mk/ja/Jon Adams UPI

Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir (Arabic: عمر حسن أحمد البشير‎, born 1 January 1944) is the current President of Sudan and the head of the National Congress Party. He came to power in 1989 when, as a colonel in the Sudanese army, he led a group of officers in a bloodless military coup that ousted the government of Prime Minister Sadiq al-Mahdi.

In October 2004, al-Bashir's government negotiated an end to the Second Sudanese Civil War, one of the longest-running and deadliest wars of the 20th century, by granting limited autonomy to Southern Sudan. Since then, however, there has been a violent conflict in Darfur that has resulted in death tolls between 200,000 and 400,000. During his presidency, there have been several violent struggles between the Janjaweed militia and rebel groups such as the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA), Sudanese Liberation Army (SLA) and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) in the form of guerilla warfare in the Darfur region. The civil war has resulted in over 2.5 million people being displaced, and the diplomatic relations between Sudan and Chad being at a crisis level.

In July 2008, the prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), Luis Moreno-Ocampo, accused al-Bashir of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes in Darfur. The court issued an arrest warrant for al-Bashir on 4 March 2009 on counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity, but ruled that there was insufficient evidence to prosecute him for genocide. The warrant will be delivered to the Sudanese government, which is unlikely to execute it. Al-Bashir is the first sitting head of state ever indicted by the ICC. The court's decision is opposed by the African Union, League of Arab States, Non-Aligned Movement, and the governments of Russia and China. One expert has called on the court to suspend the arrest warrant.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Omar Hassan."
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