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The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, April 17, 2013.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Monday, April 15, 2013
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, March 27, 2013.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Thursday, March 21, 2013.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, Oct. 28, 2012.
By United Press International

China to open ex-atomic site to tourists

BEIJING, Oct. 17 (UPI) -- China plans so spend around $1 million cleaning up a former atomic bomb test sight and open it up to tourists.

50 Cuban missile crisis anniversary: Two heroes, two deaths, two extremes

HERNDON, Va., Oct. 9 (UPI) -- Lost within recollections of the 50th anniversary of the Cuban Missile Crisis were contributions by its only two casualties. It was their individual sacrifices that prevented the Cold War from turning hot.
JAMES ZUMWALT, UPI Outside View Commentator

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Monday, Sept. 24, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Sept. 12, 2012.
By United Press International

America, Obama and the anti-colonial dilemma

HOBOKEN, N.J., Aug. 31 (UPI) -- The documentary "2016: Obama's America" is sure to reignite controversy surrounding U.S. President Barack Obama's political philosophy.
SILVIO LACCETTI, UPI Outside View Commentator

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, April 15, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, March 27, 2012.
By United Press International
Gorbachev named least popular Russia leader

Gorbachev named least popular Russia leader

MOSCOW, Feb. 2 (UPI) -- Former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev was ranked the most unpopular Russian leader of the past century, a state-run pollster said.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Friday, Oct. 28, 2011.
By United Press International
Political acts of insanity

Political acts of insanity

WASHINGTON, Oct. 12 (UPI) -- One symptom of insanity is repeating the same action and expecting a different outcome. Cynics often accuse the United States of falling into that trap in conducting its foreign policy.
HARLAN ULLMAN, UPI Outside View Commentator
Page 2 of 10
Photos
Nikita Khrushchev
Andrei Gromyko and Nikita Khrushchev in un undated file photo (1960s?). (UPI Photo/Files)
Wiki

Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev (April 15 1894 – September 11, 1971) led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War. He served as First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1964, and as Chairman of the Council of Ministers, or Premier, from 1958 to 1964. Khrushchev was responsible for the partial de-Stalinization of the Soviet Union, for backing the progress of the early Soviet space program, and for several relatively liberal reforms in areas of domestic policy. Khrushchev's party colleagues removed him from power in 1964, replacing him with Leonid Brezhnev as First Secretary and Alexei Kosygin as Premier.

Khrushchev was born in the Russian village of Kalinovka in 1894, close to the present-day border between Russia and Ukraine. He was employed as a metalworker in his youth, and during the Russian Civil War was a political commissar. With the help of Lazar Kaganovich, he worked his way up the Soviet hierarchy. He supported Joseph Stalin's purges, and approved thousands of arrests. In 1939, Stalin sent him to govern Ukraine, and he continued the purges there. During what was known in the Soviet Union as the Great Patriotic War (Eastern Front of World War II), Khrushchev was again a commissar, serving as an intermediary between Stalin and his generals. Khrushchev was present at the bloody defense of Stalingrad, a fact he took great pride in throughout his life. After the war, he returned to Ukraine before being recalled to Moscow as one of Stalin's close advisers.

In the power struggle triggered by Stalin's death in 1953, Khrushchev, after several years, emerged victorious. On February 25, 1956, at the Twentieth Party Congress, he delivered the "Secret Speech", denouncing Stalin's purges and ushering in a less repressive era in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). His domestic policies, aimed at bettering the lives of ordinary citizens, were often ineffective, especially in the area of agriculture. Hoping eventually to rely on missiles for national defense, Khrushchev ordered major cuts in conventional forces. Despite the cuts, Khrushchev's rule saw the tensest years of the Cold War, culminating in the Cuban Missile Crisis.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Nikita Khrushchev."
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