The almanac

UPI Almanac for Friday, Oct. 12, 2007.
By United Press International

Analysis: Pakistan democracy get 2nd look

WASHINGTON, Sept. 27 (UPI) -- The United States seems to have finally decided that Pakistan needs more democracy and hopes the forthcoming elections will not bring religious extremists to power.

Analysis: Bhutto seeks U.S. hand

WASHINGTON, Sept. 21 (UPI) -- When former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto arrives in Washington next week, she is likely to seek U.S. support for her attempt to regain power after more than a decade.

Bhutto to return to Pakistan in October

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan, Sept. 14 (UPI) -- Former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto plans to return to Pakistan on Oct. 18 to “bring back true democracy,” a leader of her party said Friday.

Commentary: Musharraf meltdown

WASHINGTON, Sept. 14 (UPI) -- Some 80,000 Pakistani soldiers who man the non-existent border between the Federally Administered Tribal Areas and the Afghan border have stood down, but no one knows who gave the order or whether they are even taking orders. Taliban and al-Qaida terrorist training camps are up and running again with the acquiescence -- or impotence -- of the Pakistani army. That’s the word by satellite phone from this reporter’s sources in Miranshah and Wana, the capitals of North and South Waziristan.

Negroponte urges peaceful transition

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan, Sept. 13 (UPI) -- U.S. official John Negroponte, visiting Pakistan, reportedly left the deportation of former Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif an internal issue.

Sharif lawyers go to Pakistan high court

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan, Sept. 11 (UPI) -- Lawyers for former Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif have appealed his deportation to the country's Supreme Court.

Pakistan ousts ex-PM after four hours

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan, Sept. 10 (UPI) -- Former Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif flew into Pakistan Monday and was expelled back to exile in Saudi Arabia after four hours of questioning.

Pakistan plans to arrest ex-PM

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan, Sept. 7 (UPI) -- Official Pakistani government sources said the country is planning to arrest former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and his brother.

Opponents’ arrests reported in Pakistan

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan, Sept. 5 (UPI) -- With days left for the return to Pakistan of exiled former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, his supporters say several of his party activists have been arrested.

Pressure Pakistan over Khan

WASHINGTON, Aug. 31 (UPI) -- Pressuring a weakened strategic ally by reopening old wounds carries a certain amount of risk. But in the case of Pakistan, President Pervez Musharraf's current domestic political troubles provide the United States with an opportunity to put something back on the table that should never have been taken off.
TRAVIS SHARP and MAX POSTMAN, UPI Outside View Commentators

Pakistan bracing for political showdown

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan, Aug. 31 (UPI) -- Pakistan is bracing for a political showdown now that exiled former prime minister Nawaz Sharif is set to return to challenge Pervez Musharraf’s reelection bid.

Ousted Sharif to return to Pakistan

LONDON, Aug. 29 (UPI) -- Deposed Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif is returning to Pakistan to try ousting Gen Pervez Musharraf, the Financial Times reported Wednesday.

Sharif plans return to Pakistan soon

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan, Aug. 24 (UPI) -- Former Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif reportedly plans to end his exile and contest elections, following a court ruling that he can return to Pakistan.

Nawaz Sharif allowed back into Pakistan

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan, Aug. 23 (UPI) -- Pakistan's Supreme Court says former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif can return home from seven years in exile.
Page 18 of 21
Nawaz Sharif
Pakistan's former prime minister Nawaz Sharif enters to a car among his supporters during a visit to the shrine of Muslim saint Data Ganj Bukhsh in Lahore, Pakistan on February 16, 2008. Pakistan has deployed nearly 81,000 soldiers through the region with orders to shoot anyone suspected of committing violence on election day. (UPI Photo/Hossein Fatemi)

Mian Mohammad Nawaz Sharif, (Punjabi, Urdu: میاں محمد نواز شریف) (born 25 December 1949) is a Pakistani politician who was Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1 November 1990 to 18 July 1993 and again from 17 February 1997 to 12 October 1999. He leads the Pakistan Muslim League (N) (Nawaz group), a political party. A wealthy businessman and a conservative politician, Sharif was Chief Minister of Punjab from 1985 to 1990 and was subsequently elected as Prime Minister. He notably ordered Pakistan's 1998 nuclear tests in response to India's nuclear tests and was ousted by Pervez Musharraf in an October 1999 military coup.

Mian Nawaz Sharif was born in Lahore, Pakistan on December 25, 1949, one year after the new nation's founding. He came from a family of scrap traders. His father and uncles had a small steel business named as 'Ittefaq' in Landa Bazar Lahore before the creation of Pakistan. Sharif attended St. Anthony's School Lahore. However, he along with his younger brother Shahbaz Sharif later on attended Pakistan Railway High School, Moghalpura, Lahore and both of them passed Matric from this school in 1964 and 1965 respectively. Nawaz Sharif got addmission in the Government College of Lahore. He obtained his B.A. degree after appearing in the supplementary examination. He claimed that he passed his Bachelor of Law degree from the Punjab University Law College, also in Lahore. He, however session he attended is unknown. Nawaz Sharif is a joint owner of Ittefaq Group. Ittefaq Group is one of the largest business conglomerates in Pakistan. He helped establish the Ittefaq Islamic Academy in Lahore, where students receive religious instruction in addition to their secular training. A practicing Moslem, Sharif comes from a religious family and has said he would make the teaching of the Quraan, the Muslim Holy Book, a compulsory subject up to the secondary level. Like studies, Sharif was also interested in cricket as well. He did appear in one 1st class match from Pakistan Railway against Karachi in 1974 where he scored a 'duck'.

Sharif and his male cousins expanded their family iron foundry only to lose it to a 1972 nationalization policy launched by Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. It was re-established in 1977 as Ittefaq Industries in Lahore. The business was returned after Sharif developed political links with President Mohammad Zia ul-Haq. It was General Zia who brought down Bhutto in 1977, executing him two years later on charges of conspiracy. By 1990, Ittefaq Industries was one of Pakistan's most affluent conglomerates, with more than $450 million in annual revenues, up from about $16 million in 1981. It included the country's largest private steel mill, Ittefaq Foundries (Pvt) Ltd, eight sugar mills, and four textile factories. Sharif's net worth is around US$ 4 billion, considered as one of the wealthiest individual. With upwards of hundred thousand employees, Ittefaq has played a significant role in the development and growth of industry in Pakistan. It has likely influenced Sharif's political career and pro-business stance as well.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Nawaz Sharif."
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