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Punjabi power and Zardari

MANIPAL, India, March 18 (UPI) -- Regular readers of this column will not have been surprised at recent developments in Pakistan, in which army chief Ashfaq Kayani enforced the surrender of the Pakistan Peoples Party-led government to the demands of the Pakistan Muslim League-N chief, Nawaz Sharif. The core purpose of Kayani's institution is to ensure the continued supremacy of Wahhabi Punjabis over all other groups in Pakistan, a mission that it has fulfilled thus far.
M.D. NALAPAT, UPI Outside View Commentator

Peril or promise in Pakistan

WASHINGTON, March 18 (UPI) -- You are president of Pakistan. Your country faces seemingly intractable and simultaneous crises. You rightly believe that an existential threat to the nation is posed by the insurgencies led by religious zealots and extremists. Your nation suffers from an extended economic crisis, and you are dependent on billions in foreign loans to prevent bankruptcy and to purchase food and energy that are in critically short supply for your people.
HARLAN ULLMAN, UPI Outside View Commentator
Sharif leaves for Islamabad amid cheers

Sharif leaves for Islamabad amid cheers

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan, March 15 (UPI) -- Opposition Pakistani leader Nawaz Sharif left his home in Lahore, Pakistan, and headed toward Islamabad Sunday as supporters cheered him, observers said.

Pakistan opposition leaders arrested

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan, March 11 (UPI) -- Pakistani officials seeking to prevent a planned protest march have arrested dozens of opposition political figures, activists say.

Sharif sees 'ray of hope' in Pakistan

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan, March 6 (UPI) -- Former Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif said Friday he sees a "ray of hope" that will likely lead to major changes in the country.

Protests in Pakistan continue

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan, Feb. 28 (UPI) -- Protests against a court ruling banning former Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and his brother from holding office entered a third day Saturday.
Sharif of PML-N vows to liberate Pakistan

Sharif of PML-N vows to liberate Pakistan

LAHORE, Pakistan, Feb. 27 (UPI) -- Pakistan Muslim League leader Nawaz Sharif says his political party will help liberate Pakistan with the support of the Pakistani people.

Thousands support Sharif at rallies

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan, Feb. 27 (UPI) -- Thousands of people demonstrated Thursday in Pakistan against a ban on Nawaz Sharif, leader of the main opposition party, running for office.

PML-N out of coalition government for now

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan, Aug. 28 (UPI) -- Nawaz Sharif, leader of the Pakistan Muslim League, said Thursday his party will not re-partner with the Pakistan People's Party to form a coalition government.

Bhutto's widower to stand for president

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan, Aug. 23 (UPI) -- The widower of slain Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto has accepted his party's presidential nomination, the Pakistan People's Party announced Saturday.
Sharif threatens to quit ruling coalition

Sharif threatens to quit ruling coalition

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan, Aug. 19 (UPI) -- Former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif threatened Tuesday to leave the coalition now governing Pakistan over the issue of judicial independence.
Musharraf departure creates challenges

Musharraf departure creates challenges

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan, Aug. 19 (UPI) -- The Pakistani ruling coalition that engineered President Pervez Musharraf's resignation must show it is ready to lead, political analysts said.
Musharraf resignation accepted

Musharraf resignation accepted

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan, Aug. 18 (UPI) -- Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf, facing possible impeachment, announced his resignation Monday and lawmakers immediately accepted it.

After Musharraf, what next for Pakistan?

WASHINGTON, Aug. 18 (UPI) -- The resignation of President Pervez Musharraf after almost nine years as leader of Pakistan clears the decks for a new era of democracy -- and turmoil in the world's only Islamic nuclear power. And it could prove to be very bad news for the United States and its war against the Taliban and al-Qaida in Afghanistan.
MARTIN SIEFF

Musharraf spokesman: He hasn't quit

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan, Aug. 15 (UPI) -- A spokesman for Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf called rumors of his resignation Friday "totally baseless and malicious."
Page 11 of 21
Photos
Nawaz Sharif
Pakistan's former prime minister Nawaz Sharif enters to a car among his supporters during a visit to the shrine of Muslim saint Data Ganj Bukhsh in Lahore, Pakistan on February 16, 2008. Pakistan has deployed nearly 81,000 soldiers through the region with orders to shoot anyone suspected of committing violence on election day. (UPI Photo/Hossein Fatemi)
Wiki

Mian Mohammad Nawaz Sharif, (Punjabi, Urdu: میاں محمد نواز شریف) (born 25 December 1949) is a Pakistani politician who was Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1 November 1990 to 18 July 1993 and again from 17 February 1997 to 12 October 1999. He leads the Pakistan Muslim League (N) (Nawaz group), a political party. A wealthy businessman and a conservative politician, Sharif was Chief Minister of Punjab from 1985 to 1990 and was subsequently elected as Prime Minister. He notably ordered Pakistan's 1998 nuclear tests in response to India's nuclear tests and was ousted by Pervez Musharraf in an October 1999 military coup.

Mian Nawaz Sharif was born in Lahore, Pakistan on December 25, 1949, one year after the new nation's founding. He came from a family of scrap traders. His father and uncles had a small steel business named as 'Ittefaq' in Landa Bazar Lahore before the creation of Pakistan. Sharif attended St. Anthony's School Lahore. However, he along with his younger brother Shahbaz Sharif later on attended Pakistan Railway High School, Moghalpura, Lahore and both of them passed Matric from this school in 1964 and 1965 respectively. Nawaz Sharif got addmission in the Government College of Lahore. He obtained his B.A. degree after appearing in the supplementary examination. He claimed that he passed his Bachelor of Law degree from the Punjab University Law College, also in Lahore. He, however session he attended is unknown. Nawaz Sharif is a joint owner of Ittefaq Group. Ittefaq Group is one of the largest business conglomerates in Pakistan. He helped establish the Ittefaq Islamic Academy in Lahore, where students receive religious instruction in addition to their secular training. A practicing Moslem, Sharif comes from a religious family and has said he would make the teaching of the Quraan, the Muslim Holy Book, a compulsory subject up to the secondary level. Like studies, Sharif was also interested in cricket as well. He did appear in one 1st class match from Pakistan Railway against Karachi in 1974 where he scored a 'duck'.

Sharif and his male cousins expanded their family iron foundry only to lose it to a 1972 nationalization policy launched by Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. It was re-established in 1977 as Ittefaq Industries in Lahore. The business was returned after Sharif developed political links with President Mohammad Zia ul-Haq. It was General Zia who brought down Bhutto in 1977, executing him two years later on charges of conspiracy. By 1990, Ittefaq Industries was one of Pakistan's most affluent conglomerates, with more than $450 million in annual revenues, up from about $16 million in 1981. It included the country's largest private steel mill, Ittefaq Foundries (Pvt) Ltd, eight sugar mills, and four textile factories. Sharif's net worth is around US$ 4 billion, considered as one of the wealthiest individual. With upwards of hundred thousand employees, Ittefaq has played a significant role in the development and growth of industry in Pakistan. It has likely influenced Sharif's political career and pro-business stance as well.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Nawaz Sharif."
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